NFHS WRESTLING RULE BOOK
Publisher's Note: The National Federation of State High School Associations is the only source of official high school interpretations. They do. NFHS. WRESTLING RULES. B. Elliot Hopkins, MLD, CAA. Director of Sports, Sanctioning and Student Services. Brian Smith. The NFHS writes playing rules for 17 sports for boys and NFHS RULES BOOK AS E-BOOKS reference shall be allowed on the wrestling uniform (PlayPic B).
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NFHS WRESTLING RULES. POWERPOINT This rule allows for minimal disruption of the sanctity of .. addressed in the rules book. Except as may be specifically noted in this rules book, the NFHS makes no clarifies which wrestler will advance into the consolation bracket when points have. NFHS RULES BOOK AS E-BOOKS. ▫ E-books features: • Searchable. • Highlight areas of interest. • Make notes. • Easy navigation. • Adjustable viewing size.
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If a meet physician is on-site, his or her judgment would overrule such documentation. In all cases, after weigh-ins, the referee coordinates the random draw, which determines the sequence of weight classes for the dual meet. One of the captains will call a disk toss. The disk will then fall to the floor and determine: 1 which team has the choice of position at the start of the second period and 2 which one of the team's members is to appear first at the scorer's table when called by the referee for each weight class.
That is, he may choose the weight classes, from lowest to highest, that are numbered evenly or oddly. The first weight class chosen in the random draw is odd.
Thus, the rest of the weight classes are even and odd accordingly. For example, if the lb weight class is chosen in the random draw, then the lb, lb, lb, etc.
This order would work in the traditional sequence until the last even weight class of lb. Figure four to the head  During a dual meet, both the junior varsity and varsity squads from the two involved schools compete against each other.
The format of competition is as follows: The top junior varsity wrestler of each school compete against each other in an order determined by the random draw. The first weight class drawn starts the competition, with the following weight classes proceeding in order.
The dual meet would then commence with each school's top junior varsity wrestler in the first weight class drawn. After that, the top junior varsity wrestlers then compete in the succeeding weight classes. Often if more than one junior varsity wrestler is at a certain weight class for each school, the coaches will hold an "exhibition match" which does not count towards the junior varsity team score but allows the wrestlers to gain more competitive experience. Sometimes matches are not scored for a winning team, allowing wrestlers to focus on skills and technique rather than winning.
Sometimes if one school has two junior varsity wrestlers at the same weight and the other school only has one, the lone wrestler may wrestle both the other's wrestlers.
It is also common for junior varsity wrestlers to compete against wrestlers one or two weight classes above or below them. After a break, the varsity matches commence in the same fashion as the junior varsity matches.
However, there are no exhibition matches at the varsity level. Freshmen wrestling matches could also begin during the same time, or before the junior varsity matches.
Tournaments[ edit ] Often, a defensive wrestler will attempt to bridge when in a supine position, to lift one's body up by the neck with the back arched away from the mat and only the feet and hands or the feet and head on the mat  out to escape the opponent's hold, particularly in a near fall or fall pinning situation. Often, many high schools in the United States will compete in a tournament. This allows many schools to establish their rankings, not only for individual student-wrestlers, but also for high school teams as a whole e.
Tournaments are often sponsored by a high school or a state high school association and are held on Friday, Saturday, Sunday, or over any two days during the weekend. Admission is often charged to cover costs and make a small profit for the host. A tournament committee usually administers the event and after individual and team entries have been verified, the officials then determine the order of the matches called "drawing" by certain brackets e.
The tournament officials when doing this drawing take into account each wrestler's win-loss record, previous tournament placements, and other factors that indicate the wrestler's ability.
With that in mind, wrestlers who are noticed as having the most superior records are bracketed so that two top-ranked superior wrestlers in each weight class do not compete against each other in an early round. This is called "seeding". A tournament begins with weigh-ins, shoulder-to-shoulder, starting two hours or less before competition begins. An allowance of one pound is granted for each subsequent day of the tournament, up to a maximum of two pounds.
Often, a tournament host will field a "house team" composed of junior varsity wrestlers from competing schools when there are open slots in the brackets.
Tournaments are usually either varsity or junior varsity competitions. If there are not enough wrestlers to fill up the bracket in a weight class in the first round, a "bye" will be awarded to a wrestler who does not have to compete against another wrestler in his pairing.
After taking account the number of byes, the first round in each weight class then begins. Most high school wrestling tournaments are in double elimination format. The last two wrestlers in the upper championship bracket wrestle for first place in the finals, with the loser winning second place.
In other words, a wrestler cannot place higher than third if he is knocked down to the lower consolation bracket by losing in the championship semifinals. This is largely the result of time constraints: one-day tournaments often last into the evening. If the winner of the consolation bracket were allowed to challenge the winner of the championship bracket in the championship, the tournament could continue well past midnight before finishing.
For example, in tournaments scoring eight places, consolation rounds would begin with all of the wrestlers who lost to the winners of the first round matches. After the championship semifinals, the losers in the semifinals would be cross-bracketed into the consolation semifinals. The winner of the consolation finals would then win third place, with the loser winning fourth place.
In tournaments where six places are awarded, the losers of the consolation semifinals would wrestle for fifth place, with the loser winning sixth place. If eight places are awarded, the losers of the consolation quarterfinals would wrestle for seventh place, with the loser winning eighth place, and so on. After the championships finals, the awards ceremony usually takes place with plaques, medals, trophies, or other awards given to the individual and team winners with the highest placements.
Precise rules for tournaments may vary from one event to the next. In said tournament, a wrestler will advance into the consolation bracket only if the winning opponent successfully advances into the finals. In the first few rounds of the tournament, a single-elimination-type method is implemented.
For example, if a wrestler goes to a person tournament, he or she must win at least one match before losing. Upon the loss, the winning opponent will advance until he or she reaches the finals.
Only those wrestlers who advance to the round before the quarter finals and those who have lost to the wrestlers of the quarter finals may have a chance at placing in the tournament. If our said wrestler wins the first match and loses the second match. The second opponent must advance an additional three rounds before our wrestler will be guaranteed another match and opportunity to place in this tournament.
The carry-over system allows for more matches and a better siphoning process for large-scale tournaments by allowing only the best wrestlers to advance and giving the best of the losing opponents a chance to place in the tournament as well.
Each state or geographic area features two or three "elite" tournaments every year. These events are by invitation only and are called "Invitationals".
Tournament sponsors which are usually high schools, though sometimes colleges and universities invite the best varsity wrestlers from their area to compete against each other. Many elite tournaments last two or even three days. For this reason, elite tournaments are often scheduled during the school's winter break. One of the most elite and longest-running high school wrestling invitational in the nation is hosted by Eagle Grove High School in Eagle Grove, Iowa.
Between one season and the next, postseason tournaments and preseason tournaments are often held in scholastic wrestling and also in freestyle and Greco-Roman. The most active wrestlers often take part in those to sharpen their skills and techniques.
Also, clinics and camps are often held for both wrestlers and their coaches to help refresh old techniques and gain new strategies.
Wrestling mat[ edit ] The match takes place on a thick rubber mat that is shock-absorbing to ensure safety. A large outer circle at least 28 feet in diameter that designates the wrestling area is marked on the mat. The circumference line of that circle is called the boundary line. The wrestling area is surrounded by a safety mat area or protection area that is at least five inches in width.
The wrestlers are within bounds when the supporting points the weight-bearing points of the body, such as the feet, hands, knees, buttocks of either wrestler are inside this boundary line. Referees and Their Duties Rule 4.
NFHS WRESTLING RULES BOOK
Wrestlers Classification and Weigh-In Rule 5. Definitions Rule 6. Conduct of Matches Rule 7. Infractions Rule 8. Penalties and Injuries Rule 9. Scoring Rule Individually Bracketed Tournaments Rule Any person having questions about the interpretation of NFHS rules should contact the rules interpreter designated by his or her state high school association. State rules interpreters may contact the NFHS for model rules interpretations.
No other model rules interpretations should be considered. Such information is neither exhaustive nor necessarily applicable to all circumstances or individuals, and is no substitute for consultation with appropriate health-care professionals. Statutes, codes or environmental conditions may be relevant. NFHS position statements or guidelines should be considered in conjunction with other pertinent materials when taking action or planning care.
The NFHS reserves the right to rescind or modify any such document at any time. Position Statements are located at the end of this ebook. New rules changes are indicated with highlights. ART Video recording is authorized unless prohibited by the state high school association. Art Competition in dual meets shall be conducted by random draw of weight classes.
In multidual events, the sequence determined by the draw will be followed for that day s subsequent meet competition; the subsequent dual meet shall begin one weight class beyond the starting weight class of the previous round. The following procedure shall be used for all random draws: a. The random draw shall take place immediately preceding weigh-ins.
The referee or other authorized person shall supervise the random draw. Subsequent matches will follow in sequential order. ART Each team shall designate a captain or captains.
Prior to the beginning of the meet, they shall report to the referee for the disk toss to determine which individual is to appear at the scorer s table first for each weight class, and to determine the choice of position at the start of the second period. ART Prior to the meet the head coach shall verify that all wrestlers will be in proper uniform, properly groomed, properly equipped and ready to wrestle. Art Combination tournaments are a series of matches in each of the NFHS weight classes in which individuals initially move from round to round as a team pools or advance based on team results culminating in the wrestlers placement on an individual bracket with advancement from that point based on individual results.
In multi-dual events and team advancement tournaments, the sequence determined by the draw will be followed for that day s subsequent dual-meet competition; the subsequent dual meet shall begin one weight class beyond the starting weight class of the previous round.
ART Prior to the meet, the head coach shall verify that all wrestlers will be in proper uniform, properly groomed, properly equipped and ready to wrestle.
ART Tournaments conducted by state high school associations for qualification to the state high school championships and the championships themselves shall be determined by the individual organization.
Each state high school association is privileged to conduct those tournaments as best suits its needs. This authorization applies to Rule 10 and Rule 11 only.
In individually bracketed tournaments, the contestant representing a school shall be named by weight class prior to the conclusion of the weigh-in and no substitution is allowed after the conclusion of the weigh-in. ART For all matches, net weight shall be required. No additional weight allowance is permitted, except as stated in Rules and ART No wrestler shall represent the school in more than one weight class in any meet or wrestle in more than five matches championship or consolation , excluding forfeits in any one day of competition.
ART No contestant shall wrestle in two consecutive matches with less than a minute rest between them. The conclusion time of each match shall be recorded. ART A contestant shall not accept a forfeit in one weight class and compete in another class.
ART A wrestler who makes weight for one weight class may be shifted to the next higher weight class, provided it is not more than one weight class above that for which the actual weight qualifies. The exact weight of all contestants shall be recorded and submitted to the official scorer.
An ideal program would be one where an appropriate health-care professional would assist in establishing a minimum weight class through hydration testing, body fat assessment and a monitored descent plan. Minimum body fat should not be lower than seven percent for males or 12 percent for females. ART For health and safety reasons, the state's weight control program shall require hydration testing with a specific gravity not greater than 1.
A minimum weight class will be determined by a body fat assessment. Any wrestler's assessment that is below seven percent for males and 12 percent for females shall have a medical release to participate signed by an appropriate health-care professional. This release shall not allow a wrestler to participate at a weight class below that for which the initial assessment allows.
A program to monitor an average weight loss of 1. This weight management plan should also involve a nutritional component developed at the local level.
ART The state s weight-control program shall require each wrestler to establish a certified minimum weight and prohibit recertification at a lower weight during the season.
Such determinations are the responsibility of equipment manufacturers. All mats that are in sections shall be secured together. ART The wrestling area of the mat shall be a circular area with a minimum of 28 feet in diameter. Surrounding and secured to the wrestling area of the mat shall be a safety mat area approximately 5 feet wide. ART The wrestling area shall be marked on the mat by painted lines, 2 inches wide, which are inbounds.
At the center of the mat there shall be a foot circle, indicated by a 2-inch line. When the area enclosed by the foot circle and the inbounds area of the mat are of contrasting colors, the 2- inch line may be omitted.
ART Starting lines, 1 inch wide, shall be placed at the center of the mat and the front line should lie on the diameter of the foot circle. These 1-inch starting lines shall be parallel, 3 feet long, and 12 inches from outside to outside. The two 3-foot lines shall be connected on one end by a 1-inch red line and on the other end by a 1-inch green line.
ART The mat area includes the wrestling mat and a space of at least 10 feet surrounding the mat, as well as the team benches and scorer s table where facilities permit. The team bench in dual meets should be at least 10 feet from the wrestling mat and 10 feet from the scorer s table. The diagrams on page 10 are a suggested configuration. It is permissible to allow coaches on the corner of the mat in a restricted zone. In tournaments where coaches are permitted on the corner of the mat, the restricted zone shall be defined by either a contrasting line marked on the mat with paint or tape or a contrasting colored surface under the chairs.
The restricted zone shall be no closer than 5 feet to the edge of the circle. Coaches shall be seated at least 10 feet from the scorer s table, where facilities permit. It will be large enough to accommodate the official timekeeper, head scorer and visiting team scorer. When an electric scoreboard is not used, some means of visual scorekeeping shall be provided by the home management. ART The accuracy of these scales shall be certified annually, in accordance with guidelines established by the state association.
The referee shall be neatly attired and have other accessories, including a colored disk, a black lanyard and black whistle, red and green armbands, and a kit to conduct the random draw. The red armband shall be worn on the left wrist and the green armband on the right wrist.
ART On matters of judgment, the referee shall have full control of the match and the decisions shall be final, based upon the NFHS wrestling rules and interpretations. The referee has the sole authority for ruling on infractions or irregularities not covered within the NFHS wrestling rules. ART The jurisdiction time of the referee will begin upon arrival at the site and will conclude with the approval of the scorebook in dual meets and when the referee signs the bout sheet after the last match of a tournament.
The meet referees retain clerical authority over the meet through the completion of any reports, including those imposing disqualifications, that are responsive to actions occurring while the meet referees had jurisdiction. State associations may intercede in the event of unusual incidents that occur before, during or after the meet referees jurisdiction has ended or in the event that a meet is terminated prior to the conclusion of the regulation meet.
ART Before the dual meet begins, the referee shall: a. Inspect contestants for presence of oils or greasy substances on the body or uniform, rosin, objectionable pads, improper clothing, all jewelry, long fingernails, improper grooming, skin condition, health and safety measures; b.
ART The legality of all equipment, including mats, markings, uniforms and special equipment, pads and taping, shall be decided by the referee. A referee s time-out shall be declared for the purpose of correcting legal equipment which becomes illegal or inoperative through use.
ART Only authorized signals shall be used by the referee when signaling and verbally notifying the contestants and scorer when warning or awarding points to either wrestler. The thumb is not to be 29 used when signaling point s , only fingers. ART When possible the referee should award points on the edge of the mat calls before blowing the whistle, and giving the hand signal for stopping the match and out-of-bounds. ART The referee shall be firm in enforcing the letter and spirit of the rules, consistently penalizing infractions.
The referee must enforce penalties for infractions explained in Rule 7 and Rule 8 without hesitation.
The referee shall not use TV monitoring, replay or other video equipment in making decisions related to the match. ART Following the end of a dual meet or tournament match, the referee shall sign the official scorebook or individual score sheet certifying results and shall also record the time of day at the completion of the meet or tournament.
ART The referee has the authority to rule promptly, and in the spirit of good sportsmanship, on any situation not specifically covered in the rules. ART During injury, blood or recovery time-outs, the referee should be in a position to monitor the appropriate clock and wrestlers. The use of an assistant referee is designed to minimize human error in matters of rule application and judgment. ART The assistant referee will be granted the same mobility as the referee and will complement and assist the referee in making calls.The offensive wrestler would then place both his hands on the opponent's back between the neck and the waist.
Photo The meet referees retain clerical authority over the meet through the completion of any reports, including those imposing disqualifications, that are responsive to actions occurring while the meet referees had jurisdiction. Because of the body contact involved, these standards shall constitute the sole reasons for disqualification. The defensive wrestler s starting position requires the wrestler to be at the center of the circle stationary on hands and knees so both knees are on the mat behind and parallel to the rear starting line.
Acts include, but are not limited to: 1. If only one scale is available, a contestant may step on and off that scale two times to allow for mechanical inconsistencies in the scale.