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The Safeways K53 Learners and Drivers Manual has been designed with you in below, and page through some examples of the sections within this book. K53 South Africa is the most popular FREE Learner's license app in South Africa, Thousands have tried it and thousands have passed. K53 South Africa app. The learner's section explains the K53 Defensive Driving principles, road signs (This system of knowledge reinforcement applies to all sections of this book.).

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Get your hands on a K53 Learner Book, as well as some past papers to help guide your learning. The first step to passing is understanding the information and. K53 Learners guide. Find and book our Driving Lessons · K53 Driving and Learners Lessons | Prices and Packages · Preparing for your learners licence. This well-presented, user-friendly book combines all the elements needed to pass the written tests, yard test and road tests for motor vehicles, motor cycles and.

If you pass the yard test you will continue with the road test which will take between 20 and 45 minutes. You will fail the yard test and the test will be discontinued if: 8 you exceed the time limit of 20 minutes and 59 seconds for the pre-trip inspections and the yard test manoeuvres; 8 you have been allocated more than 50 penalty points see next topic Scoring method ; or 8 you fail any one of the immediate fail items in any manoeuvre see next topic Scoring method.

The stopwatch will be stopped after completion of each of the following, and re-started before the next item: 8 the instructions for the pre-trip inspections; 8 each yard test manoeuvre; and 8 the road test. Scoring method The examiner will use a score sheet to evaluate your performance during the test.

You may accumulate a certain number of penalty points during each part of the test see next page. If you score more than this allowance you will fail the test. Besides the penalty points applicable to specific manoeuvres and road test situations, throughout the test you will also be allocated penalty points each time you make the following errors: 8 not showing courtesy towards other road users: 1 8 not checking in the mirrors every 5 to 8 seconds: 5 8 looking in the mirrors for too long: 1 Some items do not carry penalty points and must be completed correctly in order to continue with the rest of the test.

If you are unsuccessful in any of these immediate failure items, the test will be stopped immediately and you will have to reapply to do the test some other time. O VERV IEW 81 Immediate failure items You will fail the test and it will be stopped immediately if you make any of the following errors: Light and heavy motor vehicle test: Motorcycle test: 8 use a vehicle that is unroadworthy or not licenced; 8 have a mechanical failure of the vehicle; 8 violate any traffic law, road sign, signal or road marking; 8 make an uncontrolled or dangerous action; 8 be involved in a collision you could have avoided; 8 bump any obstacles, mount a kerb or touch a boundary line; 8 fail to complete a manoeuvre within the allotted number of attempts; 8 allow the vehicle to roll forward or backwards; 8 fail to demonstrate that you can give a hand signal correctly when instructed to do so; 8 exceed the minute time limit for the yard test; 8 exceed 50 penalty points for the yard test; or 8 exceed 8 penalty points per minute during the road test.

Penalty points allocation: 8 use a vehicle that is unroadworthy or not licenced; 8 fall off the motorcycle or allow it to fall; 8 violate any traffic law, road sign , signal or road marking; 8 make an uncontrolled or dangerous action; 8 fail to wear a suitable safety helmet; 8 touch any boundary line; 8 exceed 50 penalty points for Part One of the test, or 90 penalty points for Part Two; 8 dont succeed with one attempt: moving off; turning left; lane change to the right; or 8 dont succeed within three attempts: moving off and riding; turning speed judgement; emergency stop and emergency swerve; or stopping.

Penalty points allocation: Vehicle rolls back or forwards Touch any obstacles Not successful in the number of attempts allowed observation Signal intention Moving off Counter-steering Signal cancelled With each yard test manoeuvre weve included a table that shows the number of penalty points that can be allocated for any errors in executing the various elements in that manoeuvre, e. Penalty points are given for any action that: 8 you do, but which should not be done, e.

For example, if you forget to do a observation during a particular manoeuvre which requires that action, you will be penalized 5 points. Similarly, if you do not signal your intention when it is needed, that can cost you 5 points.

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The higher the number of penalty points allocated to an action, the more important it is for you to do it correctly. A shaded box indicates an element you must do correctly or you will fail the entire test immediately.

Note: For the road test, where a manoeuvre applies in several situations, the penalty points have not been shown every time. For example, the K53 action steps for stopping or for moving off must be applied every time these form part of a driving manoeuvre, such as at intersections.

Look to the front, sides, in the mirrors and blind spots. Look up and down crossroads and vehicle entrances for any vehicles and pedestrians. Signalling 8 Check in the rear-view mirror s and appropriate blind spot, if applicable, e. However, you must check in the rear-view mirror s before braking commences. The examiner will accompany you to the vehicle, where a pre-trip exterior inspection will be conducted prior to entering the vehicle.

The examiner may allow minor defects to be rectified; however, no extra time will be allowed for this. If any of the items indicated on the test report under the headings Pre-trip inspection are found not to be operating, the vehicle will be considered unroadworthy and the examiner will record a fail and immediately discontinue the test.

You will not be penalized for the following: 8 if you dont execute the pre-trip inspection in an anti-clockwise direction; 8 if you dont raise the windscreen wipers from the windscreen; 8 if you check one wheel and only later refer to the other wheels; or 8 if you dont check both sidewalls of a tyre for damage.

When checking those parts of the vehicle which you have to check, you are not expected to mention all the properties of that particular part. For example, when the wheels are checked, you dont need to mention that you checked the tyre tread for wear and for damage to the sidewall, tyre pressure and the valve cap, etc.

When it is clear to the examiner that you have paid attention to the specific parts, whether mentioned or not, you will be credited. Procedure light and heavy motor vehicles: 8 Check under the vehicle for any leaks and obstructions. Check the wiper blades for any wear and leave them extended. During the interior inspection, after the instruments and gauges have been checked for any malfunction, the engine must be started and left running to allow the air pressure to build up in the air brakes while the exterior inspection is being carried out.

Ensure from the drivers seat that the parking brake is applied. Ensure that the gear lever is in the neutral position in P or N for automatic transmission. Check for any obstructions. Check any warning lights and gauges where applicable. Check the seat adjustment for the correct driving position. Check all the mirrors for maximum rear-view vision; adjust as necessary.

Turn the ignition key to the ON position, without starting the engine. Check the operation of any electric windows, if applicable. Check all the instruments on the instrument panel and mention any changes.

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Check the operation of the front and rear lights, indicators, horn and wipers. Switch the ignition off and return all the switches to the OFF position.

Check the steering for any excessive free play.

Check the pressure on the brake and clutch pedals. Return the wipers to the normal position, where applicable. Check that the doors are properly closed and that any passengers are conversant with the operation of the doors. Fasten the seatbelt and request any passengers to fasten their seatbelts. Ensure that the passengers know how to operate the release mechanism of the seatbelts.

These manoeuvres test your competence in handling the vehicle while reversing, parking, moving off on an incline and turning the vehicle around in the road. Before you start the manoeuvres, the examiner will give you the following information: 8 The full yard test the pre-trip inspections as well as the manoeuvres must be completed within 20 minutes and 59 seconds stopwatch time. The examiner will tell you: 8 to position the vehicle at the starting point; 8 to reverse into the demarcated area without touching any obstacle; 8 that stopping is permissible at any stage; 8 that no forward movement will be permitted while entering the bay; and 8 that a second final attempt may be made if the first attempt was unsuccessful, provided that no obstacles were touched.

Position your vehicle at the starting point and cancel the signal, if applicable. Apply the parking brake or select neutral, or P for automatic transmission and wait for instructions.

When instructed to do so, perform the manoeuvre by following the steps on page Note: Alley docking to the left is shown here, so the first blind spot observation check and signalling will be to the left. When intending to alley dock to the right, the first blind spot check and signalling will be to the right. The following two illustrations show the correct K53 sequence for: 1.

Turning left without stopping 3 2 4 1.

Check mirrors 2. Check left blind spot 3. Signal left Accelerate as necessary Check mirrors Cancel signal 4. Check left blind spot, if applicable 5. Steer to the left of the lane, if necessary 6. Check mirrors 7. Select a lower gear, if necessary 9.

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Yield to pedestrians if necessary Penalty points allocation: Check in the mirrors Check the blind spots Signal intention Lane changing Check left and right for cross-traffic Position for the turn Wheels straight for turning Signal cancelled Note: The penalty points shown in the box above apply to all intersection situations. Select next lower gear, if necessary Check traffic to the right Observe , if applicable Check left blind spot, if applicable Steer round the corner into appropriate lane The test consists of: 8 a pre-trip inspection; 8 a starting procedure; and 8 a skills test.

The test is a measure of the motorcycle riders: 8 competence in handling a motorcycle; 8 compliance with traffic rules, road signs and surface markings; and 8 use of the K53 system of vehicle control. This test has been designed for riders of solo two-wheeled motorcycles, and not for three-wheeled tri-cycle or four-wheeled quad-bike motorcycles, nor for a motorcycle with a sidecar.

During the test, you will not be allowed to smoke or use a cell phone. Test structure Part One: 8 pre-trip inspection of the motorcycles roadworthiness; 8 starting and stopping the engine; 8 speed management and control; 8 moving off and turning left; 8 changing lane to the right; and 8 stopping on an incline and then moving off, without rolling back.

Part Two: 8 turning speed judgement to the left and to the right ; 8 emergency stops; 8 emergency swerves to the left and to the right; and 8 stopping in a controlled manner. Scoring Throughout the test, the following items will be marked with penalty points as necessary: 8 violation of a traffic law; 8 uncontrolled actions; 8 dangerous actions; 8 collisions; and 8 mechanical failure. You will, however, not be penalized for touching any boundary lines when moving the vehicle to the next manoeuvre.

Other important notes 8 Prior to the commencement of a manoeuvre, the examiner will give you the instructions and explanation only when the motorcycle is stationary. However, in order to pass, you must complete the entire test. Pre-trip inspection The examiner will accompany you to your motorcycle where you must conduct the pre-trip inspection.

Note, however, that a time limit of not more than 5 minutes will be allowed for this. The checking procedure: 8 Check under the motorcycle for any leaks and obstructions. Notes: 8 You will not be penalized for the following: if you fail to execute the pre-trip inspection in an anti-clock wise direction; if you check one wheel and later only refer to the other wheel; or if you fail to check both sidewalls of a tyre for damage.

Penalty points allocation: Check under vehicle Check the mirrors Check the chains Check the tyres Check the fork 1 1 1 1 1 8 When checking those parts of the motorcycle which you have to check, it is not expected of you to make mention of all the properties of that particular part.

For example, when the wheels are checked you are not expected to mention that you checked the tyre tread for wear, for damage to the sidewall, tyre pressure and the valve cap etc.

When instructed to commence with this procedure, follow these steps: 1. Move off. Accelerate and change to a higher gear. Do not touch any boundary lines. Brake at line C. Select a lower gear. Stop with the front wheel on cross-point D of the calibrated cross. There are a lot of beginner driving tips and safety processes to learn when driving with an instructor, so make sure you get time with someone who is patient, qualified and reasonably priced. There are many road signs, and some of them have meanings you would not know unless you had studied them thoroughly.

Putting the time in will ensure that you pass the first time. This is one of the main reasons why people fail. If you have studied, the chances are of you misunderstanding the information is minimal.

Take this opportunity to use anything that will give you a better understanding of what the information is about. If you are a nervous or anxious person, the best advice would be to make sure that you are well-prepared before entering the exam room. Courses Bursaries All Graduate programmes Scholarships. SB Ambassador Search. Looking at Starting your Own Business? Practical Tips for Students. Student Brands. Home News Wellness. News Wellness. But, before you can cross that bridge, here some important tips you need to consider when preparing for your big test: Start studying Get your hands on a K53 Learner Book , as well as some past papers to help guide your learning.

Practice makes perfect The mock exams change every year, so get your hands on a few and start learning the different questions, and how to differentiate the answers. Tips to remember before writing your test:Proceed when it is safe to do so. Check the steering for any excessive free play. Permanent control signs are red and white, sometimes with a black symbol, and they come in a variety of shapes: You must give way to pedestrians and crosstraffic at the intersection.

Stop in line with the Stop sign or before the Stop line. Know your rights when it comes to speed traps. You may not do the driving test in a light motor vehicle that is less than 3 m in length.

You need to lift it high enough to remove the flat tire and replace it with a spare.

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