MERCHANT OF VENICE GUIDE BOOK PDF
A Teacher's Guide to the Signet Classics Edition of William Shakespeare's The . One of Shakespeare's most complex plays, The Merchant of Venice provides. Merchant of Venice Teachers Guide - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File publication the entry described it as “a book of the Merchant of the play end. I run this site alone and spend an awful lot of time creating these books. Very few people donate, but without your help, this site can't survive. Please support it by.
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This economic conservatism contrasts starkly with the aristocratic, gambling nature of Bassanio and the others.
The characteristic generosity of the Christians is a very aristocratic trait, based on an ideology which forces gentlemen to ignore practical monetary concerns.
Thus Bassanio can truly say, "all the wealth I had ran in my veins" 3.
Perhaps the moment of strongest contrast between Shylock and the Christians' ideals concerns the contract of a pound of flesh. Shylock directly links money and flesh as being equal, something which any Christian would consider taboo. Antonio is unable to see this link, thinking instead that the contract is some form of game for Shylock. He makes the crucial mistake of believing that the contract cannot be for real, and that Shylock must somehow have grown "kind.
The Christians are convinced that he can only think of money, whereas Shylock actually presents a very different, even sentimental outlook. Solanio claims that Shylock ran through the street crying out for his daughter and ducats in the same breath, yet there is no evidence of this when Shylock himself appears. Later, when his daughter, Jessica , exchanges a turquoise ring for a monkey, Shylock is not upset about the monetary loss of the ring, but rather the sentimental value it held for him.
Most of Shakespeare's comedies return to the first city in which they are set. However, this type of ending is uniquely absent in The Merchant of Venice. The final scene moves away from the abandonment of Shylock in Venice, shifting instead to Belmont. Belmont, however, is not nearly as idyllic as it appears throughout the play. I take it your own business calls on you, And you embrace the occasion to depart. Good morrow, my good lords. Good signiors, both, when shall we laugh? Say, when?
You grow exceeding strange: Must it be so? We'll make our leisures to attend on yours. My lord Bassanio, since you have found Antonio, We two will leave you; but at dinner-time I pray you have in mind where we must meet. I will not fail you. You look not well, Signor Antonio; You have too much respect upon the world: They lose it that do buy it with much care.
Believe me, you are marvellously chang'd. I hold the world but as the world, Gratiano; A stage, where every man must play a part, And mine a sad one.
Let me play the fool: With mirth and laughter let old wrinkles come; And let my liver rather heat with wine, Than my heart cool with mortifying groans. Why should a man, whose blood is warm within, Sit like his grandsire, cut in alabaster? Sleep when he wakes? The gold chest proclaims to contain what many men desire. The Prince chooses the gold casket because Portia is what any man might desire.
He opens the casket with the key to read that all that glitters is not gold. It was the wrong choice. Very sad, the prince exits. However, Portia is happy that the prince chose the wrong casket.
The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare
Act two, Scene 5 Act two, Scene 8 Shylock finds out from Lancelot that there are parties going on that evening. He warns Jessica to stay inside and lock the doors and windows. Shylock is going to have dinner with Bassanio, but he does not really want to go. Then they talk about Antonio giving Bassanio the money. Antonio wants Bassanio to forget about the consequences of the loan if he cannot repay Shylock, and wishes him success with Portia.
Merchant of Venice
He rejects the lead casket. He rejects the gold casket because he feels that choosing what many other men desire is too common. He chooses the silver casket because he feels that he rightly deserves to marry Portia.
He opens the silver casket to discover a poem about how foolish he is.
The Prince of Aragon leaves quickly so as not to make any more of a fool of himself. Act three, Scene 2 Portia asks Bassanio to delay choosing a casket so that they can spend more time together.
Bassanio cannot postpone his choice, and asks to be able to take the test. Bassanio rejects gold as too gaudy and silver as too common. He chooses the paleness of the lead casket.
When Bassanio opens the lead casket, he finds a beautiful picture of Portia. He praises the beauty and likeness of the portrait. He then reads a poem that tells him that because he did not choose for outward appearance, he can win the hand of Portia and claim her with a kiss.
The Merchant of Venice
Bassanio wishes to marry Portia, but is unsure whether or not she really wants him. Shylock enters and cannot believe that Jessica would run away. But Shylock replies that he desires revenge just as any Christian might desire revenge, and that he is as human as any Christian. Portia expresses her love for Bassanio, and gives him her house, her servants, and herself by giving him a ring.
She tells Bassanio that if the ring is lost or given away that his love will also be ruined. Bassanio promises that the only way he will be parted from the ring is at his death. Nerissa indicates that she would be pleased to marry Gratiano.
Tubal enters and reports that he has not been able to find Jessica and Lorenzo. Shylock is very upset at her stealing his money and jewels. He grows even more upset when Tubal tells him that Jessica spent eighty ducats in one night in Genoa. However, Antonio is having even worse luck because another one of his merchant ships is shipwrecked in Tripoli. Shylock plans his revenge on Antonio if he cannot repay the debt.
Salerio gives a letter to Bassanio, and delivers the sad news that Antonio has lost all his ships and is now unable to repay Shylock. She tells Bassanio to go to Antonio and help him pay the debt. Bassanio reads the letter from Antonio that tells that he has forfeited the debt and must pay the penalty to Shylock. Lancelot teases Jessica about being Jewish.
Even though her husband will convert her to Christianity, she is still at fault because she can now eat pork and therefore the price of pork will go up in the marketplace. Teasing one another, they go in to supper. Antonio, accompanied by Solanio, pleads with Shylock for mercy, but Shylock insists on having his bond. Solanio tries to comfort Antonio with hope that the Duke of Venice will not allow Antonio to pay a pound of flesh.
But Antonio responds that the law is the law, and his only hope is to see Bassanio before he dies. Once the judges are seated, the Duke pleads with Shylock to show mercy to Antonio. Shylock demands his bond, and no less. Antonio remarks that it is futile to think that Shylock will change his mind. The Duke asks Shylock how he ever expects to receive any mercy if he will never give any. Shylock points out that the Christians have slaves that they treat as less than human, and if Shylock would ask them to release their slaves and let them marry their children, all of them would refuse.
Similarly, he has a right to his bond, and the law of Venice supports his right to collect. In response, Gratiano calls Shylock a base dog and a brutal wolf. Portia announces that she and Nerissa will go to a convent, and that Lorenzo will be in charge of her house while she is gone.
When Jessica and Lorenzo leave, Portia sends Balthazar to fetch some special clothes from her cousin and bring them to her at the Venice ferry station. She then tells Nerissa that they are going to dress as men for a good purpose. If he sheds any blood, or takes any little bit more than an exact pound, Shylock will be sentenced to death and all his goods taken by the state.
Introduced by a letter from Dr.
Bellario, Portia enters disguised as a young lawyer named Balthazar. In questioning Shylock, Portia invites Shylock to choose mercy over justice because under justice we are all condemned, but only with mercy can anyone be saved. Shylock, however, demands justice as stated in the law. Shylock offers to take only his three thousand ducats, but Portia insists that he follow through with the forfeiture.
Shylock then renounces all claims on his money, but Portia accuses Shylock of planning to kill Antonio. The laws of Venice declare that anyone who seeks to kill a Venetian will be sentenced to death unless given mercy by the Duke of Venice. In further consequence, Shylock must give up half his goods to his intended victim and the other half to the state.
Portia tells Shylock to beg mercy from the Duke. However, for this to take place, Shylock must make his daughter and Lorenzo his full heirs, and Shylock must become a Christian. Shylock agrees. Portia then asks if there is money to repay the debt, and Bassanio offers much more than the original three thousand ducats.
However, Portia replies that it is too late; the law demands the payment of the bond. To take the money would negate the law.
Portia tells Antonio to prepare to give his pound of flesh. Antonio proclaims that he is willing to die as a show of his love and loyalty to Bassanio. Bassanio tries to give Portia the three thousand ducats as payment for her services, but she refuses.
When he insists, she says instead that she will take his gloves and ring. Bassanio refuses to give up the ring, telling her that his wife made him vow never to sell, give, or lose it. Portia accuses him of reneging on his offer, and she leaves. Immediately, Shylock says he will take the nine thousand ducats. Nerissa gives Gratiano her ring also.
Portia and Nerissa say they got these rings by sleeping with the lawyer and the clerk. Bassanio sends Gratiano to give Portia his ring.
The Merchant of Venice | Study Guide
Before any more mischief can happen, Portia and Nerissa admit that they were the lawyer and the clerk, and she has a letter from Bellario to prove it. She gives Antonio another letter that proves that his merchant ships have arrived safely from their voyages. Then Nerissa gives to Lorenzo and Jessica the deed from Shylock that gives to them all his possessions after he dies.
They all go into the house to talk about these wonderful events in more detail. They are interrupted by Stephano and Lancelot, who announce that Portia and Nerissa, as well as Bassanio, will be arriving home shortly.
Jessica and Lorenzo remain outside a bit longer to enjoy the night sky and the music. Portia and Nerissa arrive, and shortly afterward Bassanio, Antonio, Gratiano, and their followers also arrive. Nerissa accuses Gratiano of being untrue because he gave her ring away to a law clerk.
Portia agrees that Gratiano is not faithful, noting that Bassanio would never give away the ring she gave to him. He has a dark complexion that is burnished by the sun. The Prince of Aragon: He is another suitor of Portia. He does not want to choose the casket that appeals to many, but feels that he deserves to marry Portia. Portia is very upset with Bassanio, and berates him for giving the ring away.
His wealth comes from various ships that sail and trade the world. To his friends, he is generous, loyal, and kind. However, he acts in hateful ways toward Shylock.
Bassanio: A close friend to Antonio. He is a suitor to Portia.
She is her helper and advisor, and accompanies her to Venice disguised as a law clerk. Solanio: He is a good friend to Antonio and Bassanio.
Officers of the Court of Justice: Men who oversee the proceedings of cases brought before the court Gratiano: He is friends with Antonio and Bassanio. He loves to talk loudly and joke often.His depiction of Shylock, the Jewish moneylender, causes the audience to both hate and pity the man, and has left critics wondering what Shakespeare was really trying to achieve.
Only after the Portia, for love or money or both, threatens to weaken the bonds of marital bond supplants that of male friendship can the comedy friendship.
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We know diseases of stoppings, and maketh indeed a fair day in the affections, from storm and suffocations, are the most dangerous in the body; and it is not tempests; but it maketh daylight in the understanding, out of much otherwise in the mind; you may take sarza to open the liver, darkness, and confusion of thoughts. The play ends with the and the loss of his lovers united and the jewels and money. Does he elicit your sympathy? The choice of Venice can hardly have been arbitrary.
It is good to trade.