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INTRODUCTION TO JAVASCRIPT PDF

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Eloquent JavaScript. 3rd edition The third edition of Eloquent JavaScript was made possible by financial · backers. You can Contents. Introduction. 1. What can JavaScript Do? • JavaScript can dynamically modify an HTML page. • JavaScript can react to user input. • JavaScript can validate user input. JavaScript is a lightweight, interpreted programming language. Audience. This tutorial has been prepared for JavaScript beginners to help them understand.


Introduction To Javascript Pdf

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She has worked on JavaScript-based systems in analytics, Reference and was also the tech editor on JavaScript: The 1 Introduction to JavaScript. make available any products referred to herein. Building Web Sites: Introduction to JavaScript. Mel Anderson. IBM iSeries Technology Center [email protected] Modern JavaScript Tutorial: simple, but detailed explanations with examples and tasks, including: closures, document and events An Introduction to JavaScript.

This allows more optimizations to be done by the engine and results in more readable code.

The name also shows up in the debugger and some stack traces, which can save you time when debugging. Note that JavaScript functions are themselves objects — like everything else in JavaScript — and you can add or change properties on them just like we've seen earlier in the Objects section. In classic Object Oriented Programming, objects are collections of data and methods that operate on that data. Instead, JavaScript uses functions as classes. Let's consider a person object with first and last name fields.

There are two ways in which the name might be displayed: as "first last" or as "last, first". You end up with dozens of functions in your global namespace. What we really need is a way to attach a function to an object. Used inside a function, this refers to the current object. What that actually means is specified by the way in which you called that function. If you called it using dot notation or bracket notation on an object, that object becomes this.

The JavaScript language

If dot notation wasn't used for the call, this refers to the global object. Note that this is a frequent cause of mistakes. Since there are no global variables called first or last we get undefined for each one.

It creates a brand new empty object, and then calls the function specified, with this set to that new object. Notice though that the function specified with this does not return a value but merely modifies the this object. It's new that returns the this object to the calling site. Functions that are designed to be called by new are called constructor functions.

Common practice is to capitalize these functions as a reminder to call them with new. The improved function still has the same pitfall with calling fullName alone. Our person objects are getting better, but there are still some ugly edges to them. Every time we create a person object we are creating two brand new function objects within it — wouldn't it be better if this code was shared?

The Modern JavaScript Tutorial

Can we do any better than that? It forms part of a lookup chain that has a special name, "prototype chain" : any time you attempt to access a property of Person that isn't set, JavaScript will check Person.

As a result, anything assigned to Person. This is an incredibly powerful tool. The root of that chain is Object.

We can revisit that now. The first argument to apply is the object that should be treated as 'this'.

For example, here's a trivial implementation of new: function trivialNew constructor, This is not something you use very often, but it's useful to know about. In this snippet, We've seen this once before, with an earlier makePerson function. If a called function relies on one or two other functions that are not useful to any other part of your code, you can nest those utility functions inside it.

This keeps the number of functions that are in the global scope down, which is always a good thing. This is also a great counter to the lure of global variables. When writing complex code it is often tempting to use global variables to share values between multiple functions — which leads to code that is hard to maintain.

Nested functions can share variables in their parent, so you can use that mechanism to couple functions together when it makes sense without polluting your global namespace — "local globals" if you like. This technique should be used with caution, but it's a useful ability to have.

Example What is JavaScript? JavaScript is a very powerful client-side scripting language. JavaScript is used mainly for enhancing the interaction of a user with the webpage. In other words, you can make your webpage more lively and interactive, with the help of JavaScript. JavaScript is also being used widely in game development and Mobile application development.

Javascript History JavaScript was developed by Brendan Eich in , which appeared in Netscape, a popular browser of that time.

Table of contents

There are many programmers who think that JavaScript and Java are the same. In fact, JavaScript and Java are very much unrelated. Java is a very complex programming language whereas JavaScript is only a scripting language.

The syntax of JavaScript is mostly influenced by the programming language C. How to Run JavaScript?

Being a scripting language, JavaScript cannot run on its own. In fact, the browser is responsible for running JavaScript code.List of extra topics that are not covered by first two parts of tutorial.

The Modern JavaScript Tutorial

As a result, anything assigned to Person. Main course contains 2 parts which cover JavaScript as a programming language and working with a browser. The improved function still has the same pitfall with calling fullName alone.

There may be typos, please use the "Edit on Github" link in left sidebar in an article, at the bottom to propose fixes. Modifying the document. In July , the disparate parties on either side came together in Oslo. Tutorial map. Every time we create a person object we are creating two brand new function objects within it — wouldn't it be better if this code was shared?

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