CIVIL SERVICES TIMES MAGAZINE PDF 2015
Tuesday, 14 June Civil Services Times Magazine. E-mail Print PDF President Barack Obama has accepted Prime Minister Narendra Modi's invite to be the chief guest at India's 66th Republic Day Parade on January 26, The Civil Services Times is a News Magazine registered under the Registrar of Newspapers for India under Government Corruption Perceptions Index in . UPSC IAS Exam Magazines: FREE PDF and Print Copy, Order Online. Free Digital Previous Digital Magazines - Civil Services Chronicle Magazine .
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South Asia: Connectivity connecting diplomacy The role of connectivity is immense. India after Pathankot India witnessed a massive terrorist attack on one of its premier airbase at Pathankot. India and USA: East Asia Summit: Towards action-oriented regime The East Asia summit EAS is a major forum for leaders in the region and it currently has 18 membe In painful transition Human beings cannot be God.
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Fossils discovered: Current International Issues. News Setting. News Analysis. Although it is clear that the Thatcher years were a turning point in the economic and social development of the United Kingdom, it is debatable whether many of the reforms which have taken place in the public sector are a legacy of Thatcherism.
Indeed, there is no single or standard definition of Thatcherism. It has been described quite simply as the policies of the Conservative governments under Thatcher; a popular political movement; a particular policy style; and even an ideological project to advance neo-liberal politics. Therefore, some theorists 1 have concluded that Thatcherism describes not only the policies of Margaret Thatcher, but also an ideology which continued after she left government. This chapter will thus assess whether we can indeed talk about a Thatcher legacy in successive governments by focusing on reform in the public sector and, in particular, the civil service.
The British Political Tradition , op. However, towards the end of the s, Keynesianism demand-led economic management and the capacity for the public sector to lead the economy was beginning to show its limits. The UK was facing a fiscal deficit which intensified in the s as expenditure grew at a greater rate than revenues from taxation. Social expenditure, for example, grew at an annual rate of 5. Moreover, one in five workers was employed in the public sector in , up from one in ten in the s 3.
Both Conservative and Labour governments of the s looked to reduce state expenditure faced with a fiscal crisis and especially when the Labour government was forced to ask for a loan from the IMF in with the conditions attached that they must reduce fiscal expenditure.
Capitalism and Freedom. It became increasingly clear that the woes of the UK economy could no longer be solved through demand-led policies. New theoretical theories thus emerged in the s and the New Right paradigm became popular. New Right thought was based principally on the works of the monetarist economist Friedman 4 , economist Hayek 5 and public choice theorists Buchanan, Niskanen and Mueller 6.
Unlike the post-war Keynesian policy in Britain, which supported collectivism and state intervention to ensure social rights and equality, New Right thinking supported individualism, freedom and a liberal economy. State intervention should be kept to a minimum to free up markets and ensure a dynamic economy. According to public choice theorists, civil servants and politicians were seen to encourage the expansion of state activities: reform was therefore necessary to reduce the weight of the state.
In this book, the author underlined how vast sums of public money had been wasted by inefficient civil servants. Civil servants had become too powerful and opposed any motions to reform departments to make them more efficient. The author called for the creation of a task force that would set out a clear direction to reduce waste.
Between and , 90 multi-departmental reviews and a total of scrutinies took place and identified million pounds worth of saving 9. The MINIS Management Information System for Ministers was also created to document who did what, why and how much it cost, bringing together past, present and future activities of each department This enabled departments to make cuts to manning levels.
Indeed, Thatcher reduced the number of civil servants from , to , during her first four years in office The government underlined that efficient management was the key to reviving the nation and this management ethos taken from the private sector should be the key driver of public institutions.
It called for changes to style and management, devolved authority and accountable management. New planning systems were introduced and short term targets. From onwards, all department had to follow a budget system, review activities, set objectives and priorities. New national audit bodies were created to ensure efficiency and value for money and to decide how much money should be allocated to individual functions.
Output measures were introduced to monitor the efficiency of public expenditure.
The reforms led to the separation of policy-making from service provision through the creation of agencies. The intention was to make the civil service run more efficiently.
This resulted in a reduced core of policy makers and a large number of independent agencies carrying out the rest of the work.
A total of 34 agencies were created, employing 80, people.
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Finally, in performance-related pay was introduced in these agencies. The longevity of her time in government was bound to have a lasting impact on the economic and social fabric of the UK.
As Olsen 14 underlines, the Thatcher reforms represented significant change to British government practices, which made a return to the previous system quite difficult to conceive. It is thus possible to identify a certain continuity in policies of subsequent governments, but also a number of changes to reduce the impact of some of the Thatcherite policies.
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At ForumIAS, we have a dream. Dead tired of all the competition special magazines. However, a break with Thatcherism was expected with the arrival of New Labour in office. Although this subsequently fell apart, it gave impetus to subsequent evaluation and tighter control over public spending.