BASKETBALL RULE BOOK PDF
Official Basketball Rules As approved by. FIBA Central Board. Mies, Switzerland, 4th July Valid as of 1st October COMMENTS ON RULES H COACH. Attire Each basket shall consist of a pressure-release NBA approved metal safety ring 18" in inside diameter with. Basketball. Rules. All intramural participants are responsible for their own medical expenses. Any student unsure of their physical condition should check with.
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NFHS BASKETBALL. RULES BOOK. ROBERT B. GARDNER, Publisher . Theresia Wynns, Editor. NFHS Publications. To maintain the sound traditions. OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES June .. Main FIBA official competitions, as defined in Book 2 – Chapter I of the FIBA Internal. Basketball Basics for New Players and Coaches -- Learn the Basic Rules, Breakthrough Bonus: Download the "Basketball Basics" article as a FREE PDF!.
The original manuscript of the rules of basketball, one of the most expensive manuscripts in existence , is publicly displayed at the University of Kansas. Players, substitutes, teams and teammates Naismith's original rules did not specify how many players were to be on the court.
In , five players became standard, and players that were substituted were not allowed to re-enter the game. Coaching was originally prohibited during the game, but from , coaches were allowed to address players during a time-out. Originally a player was disqualified on his second foul.
This limit became four fouls in and five fouls in , still the case in most forms of basketball where the normal length of the game before any overtime periods is 40 minutes.
When the normal length is 48 minutes this is the case with the National Basketball Association in the United States a player is accordingly disqualified on his sixth foul. Shot clock and time limits See also: Defensive three-second violation The first time restriction on possession of the ball was introduced in , where teams were required to advance the ball over the center line within ten seconds of gaining possession.
The NCAA retains the second rule for men's play, and adopted this rule for women's play starting with the —14 season.
In the three-second rule was introduced. This rule prohibits offensive players from remaining near their opponents' basket for longer than three seconds the precise restricted area is also known as the lane or the key. A game central to this rule's introduction was that between the University of Kentucky and New York University.
Kentucky coach Adolph Rupp did not take one of his referees with him, despite being warned of discrepancies in officiating between the Midwest and East by Notre Dame coach George Keogan, and the game became especially rough.
Because of this game and others, 6'5" 1. While the rule was originally adopted to reduce roughness in the area between big men, it is now considered to prevent tall offensive players from gaining an advantage by waiting close to the basket. When the NBA started to allow zone defense in , a three-second rule for defensive players was also introduced.
The shot clock was first introduced by the NBA in , to increase the speed of play.
Teams were then required to attempt a shot within 24 seconds of gaining possession, and the shot clock would be reset when the ball touched the basket's rim or the backboard, or the opponents gained possession.
FIBA adopted a second shot clock two years later, resetting the clock when a shot was attempted.
Women's basketball adopted a second clock in The NCAA adopted a second shot clock for men while continuing with the second clock for women in The men's shot clock was then reduced to 35 seconds in , and further reduced to 30 seconds in FIBA reduced the shot clock to 24 seconds in , and changed the clock's resetting to when the ball touched the rim of the basket.
Originally, a missed shot where the shot clock expired while the ball is in the air constituted a violation. In the rule was changed so that the ball remains live in this situation, as long as it touched the rim.
If the ball touches the rim and slightly bounces over the basketball hoop it will be called as a loose ball. Fouls, free throws and violations Dribbling was not part of the original game, but was introduced in At the time, a player could only bounce the ball once, and could not shoot after he had dribbled.
The definition of dribbling became the "continuous passage of the ball" in , allowing more than one bounce, and a player who had dribbled was then allowed to shoot.
Rules of basketball
Running with the ball ceased to be considered a foul in , and became a violation, meaning that the only penalty was loss of possession. Striking the ball with the fist has also become a violation. From , if a closely guarded player withheld the ball from play for five seconds, play was stopped and resumed with a jump ball; such a situation has since become a violation by the ball-carrier. Goaltending became a violation in , and offensive goaltending in Free throws were introduced shortly after basketball was invented.
In , the free throw line was officially placed fifteen feet 4.
FIBA Official Rule Book 2018
From , players that received a foul were required to shoot their own free throws. One free throw shot is awarded to a player who was fouled while making a successful field goal attempt. If the field goal attempt is unsuccessful, two free throw shots are awarded three if the player was attempting a three-point field goal. If an offensive player is fouled while not in the act of shooting, or if a player is fouled in a loose-ball situation, the penalty varies by level of play and the number of fouls accumulated by the opposing team in a given period.
If the team has 7 to 9 team fouls, the player fouled goes to the line for what is called "one-and-one" or the "bonus"—that is, if the player makes the first free throw, he gets the opportunity to attempt a second, but if he misses, the ball is live.
If the team has 10 or more fouls in the half, the player fouled gets two free throws, often called the "double bonus".
All overtime periods are considered an extension of the second half for purposes of accumulated fouls. Also, NFHS rules accumulate fouls per half, even though games are played in quarters.
In NCAA women's play as of —16, when the game changed from minute halves to minute quarters : If the player's team has 4 or fewer team fouls in the quarter, the team fouled gets possession of the ball.
If the team has 5 or more fouls in the quarter, the player fouled gets two free throws—the "one-and-one" has now been removed from the women's game. All overtime periods are considered an extension of the fourth quarter for purposes of accumulated fouls. In the NBA: If the player's team has 4 or fewer team fouls in the quarter, the team fouled gets possession of the ball.
Starting with the team's fifth foul in the quarter, the player fouled gets two free throws. Overtime is not considered an extension of any quarter. Instead, the "penalty" of two free throws is triggered on the team's fourth foul in that overtime period instead of the fifth.
Foul limits are reset in the last two minutes of a quarter or overtime period.
If a team has not reached its limit of accumulated fouls, the first team foul in the last two minutes results in possession by the team fouled, and all subsequent fouls result in two free throws. In the WNBA: All foul limits are identical to those in the NBA, except that the team foul limit does not reset until the final minute of a quarter or overtime period.
In FIBA full-court play: If the player's team has 4 or fewer team fouls in the quarter, the team fouled gets possession of the ball. During an interval of play, all team members entitled to play are considered as players. The ball become dead when an official blows his whistle while the ball is live. In FIBA 3x3 half-court play: A player who is fouled on an unsuccessful field goal attempt receives one free throw if the attempt was from inside the 'three-point" arc, and two free throws if the attempt was from outside the arc.
Rules of basketball
If the player's team has 6 or fewer team fouls in the game, and the foul was not in the act of shooting, the team fouled gets possession of the ball. You cannot be called for a travel while dribbling. This is TRUE. While there may be times where a player appears to take many steps in between dribbles, the basketball rule book clearly states that a player cannot travel while dribbling the basketball.
A kicked ball must be intentional.
For it to be a kicked ball it must be intentional and can be called for hitting any part of the leg. You cannot rebound your own air ball on a shot. You may, as long as the official deems the shot to be a legitimate attempt to score rebound your own air ball.
The basketball cannot travel over top of the backboard.
The basketball may not travel over the top of the backboard, it can however travel behind the backboard with a pass for example as long as it does not come in contact with any of the structures holding up the backboard.
You cannot move during a dead ball inbounds situation. You are limited 3 feet horizontally but you may in fact move without a violation within those parameters. There is no rule on depth. The sides, top and bottom of the backboard are considered out of bounds.Dribbling was not part of the original game, but was introduced in The umpire shall be judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made.