ADM940 SAP AUTHORIZATION CONCEPT.PDF
/Q2 ADM Course Overview Course Goals This course will prepare you to: • Outline the elements, strategies, and tools of the SAP authorization concept. ADM ABAP AS Authorization Concept.. COURSE OUTLINE without the express permission of SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. SAP and other SAP. Goals. Learn about the elements, strategies, and tools of the SAP authorization concept; Create and assign authorizations using the Profile Generator; Use the.
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Steps To fulfill a certain task, the employee responsible must normally use several applications. The transactions and reports used for a business activity can be combined into roles. It is important that users can only process those tasks that they are authorized to perform, and are prevented from making unintentional or incorrect changes in system areas which are outside their competence.
Since all SAP components use authorizations to control access to their functions, administrators only assign those authorizations to each role that are are necessary to perform the role-specific tasks. Besides authorizations, a role comprises the user menu specifications. When a user logs on to an SAP system, the system displays a user-specific menu, with selected transactions, reports, and Internet links in the form of a tree structure.
This menu is based on the assigned role. Users can only access transactions and reports that they are authorized to use. This eliminates unnecessary functions from the navigation structure. When developing the role and authorization concept, the challenge is to coordinate business requirements at a cross-department level and protect sensitive data against potential dangers. This is why we recommend that you develop the role and authorization concept as a separate project.
You should follow the procedure explained in this training course and use the demonstrated method for orientation. Authorizations in General ADM It is important that you explain the importance of preparation to the participants with the next figure. ALL contacts from user departments should be informed about the project during the initial discussions. If cooperation is later required from a department that were not informed, they often create obstacles, and therefore slow down further implementation.
Step 1: Preparation Set up a team responsible for the specification and implementation of the user roles and the authorization concept. Identify the business areas affected and their special security requirements. Like the control mechanisms selected, these can vary from area to area. Normally, the security requirements of the Human Resources department are more demanding than those of other departments.
Therefore you must first determine the desired security level. Consider the different security requirements for production, test and development environments. Also bear in mind that user roles often need to access multiple systems and may therefore require different functions and authorizations depending on the system. Train the team for roles and authorizations with regard to specification and implementation topics.
Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept The team members must be familiar with the basic principles of the SAP authorization concept and the available control and administration tools such as central user administration. The members responsible for implementation must be able to use the Profile Generator.
Since the role and authorization project requires the cooperation of various business areas and departments, SAP recommends that you inform the responsible employees of the project targets set and establish communication channels at an early stage to ensure efficient handling. Point out again that the complexity of an authorization concept requires teamwork.
Input from the user departments is required to define the roles. The members of the project team have the following tasks: Authorizations in General ADM When developing the role and authorization concept, the challenge is to coordinate business requirements at a cross-department level and protect sensitive data against potential dangers. While user roles and the authorization concept are specified with the cooperation of the individual business areas, they are normally implemented by the IT department.
This is why you must set up a cross-area and cross-department project team. The team members have the following tasks: To ensure that both the authorization concept and the procedures for user administration and authorization management comply with the control regulations of the company, the internal invoice verification department must be involved in the authorization project at an early stage.
Step 2: This is an internal note; do not pass this information on to the customers. However, it no longer provides any information for an authorization concept. It is no longer possible to create and use authorization lists.
Demonstrate to the participants how you can create a Microsoft Excel list for the authorization concept in the system itself. Determine task profiles based on the organization chart and a business process analysis. Check if SAP role templates can be used. Make any required adjustments if role templates are used. Check the role and authorization concept. To detect any shortcomings in conception before actual implementation, SAP recommends that you create a prototype of the concept.
Authorizations in General ADM Use the next figure to clarify the basic principles of the role-based authorization concept again. Specification of the role and authorization concept: Technical Conception: Role Implementation 1 User roles are technically implemented using individual, composite, and derived roles.
Based on the transactions and reports selected for each role, the Profile Generator automatically determines all authorization objects required for performing the functions specified, and creates the corresponding authorization profile.
Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept Using individual, composite, and derived roles, you can model the role structure in two ways: If some functions are used unchanged in multiple roles, the associated transactions and reports are contained in several individual roles. If general function modifications are required, this consequently affects several individual roles.
In this case, the individual and derived roles represent activity blocks, that is, groups of interrelated functions for example: Since individual and derived roles contain encapsulated functions, they can be used in multiple or composite roles.
The advantage of this approach is that multiple access to transactions used in several individual roles is avoided.
Therefore, organizational or process-related modifications that affect several user roles can be applied by adjusting a single role. Use the next three figures to explain the development of a concept again. When creating the Business Blueprint, you determine which processes are to be implemented in the context of the implementation.
The result of all used and mappable business processes in the SAP system is, in this example, saved as a Microsoft Excel list. The user roles are created and completed in this authorization list.
A similar list can also be generated in the SAP system. In this case, the list is component-oriented, and not process-oriented as in our example. Demonstrate for the participants the way in which you can generate a component-oriented list in the SAP system.
Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept SAP systems are delivered with a number of role templates in which the associated application functions transactions and reports , the user menu and the authorization data are predefined.
These templates can be used as a basis for analyzing and developing the company-specific roles and the authorization concept. They are only intended as templates with examples for the authorization setting. Complete User Roles 1 The authorization list is a Microsoft Excel table that helps the project team to model the user roles before they are implemented in the SAP system. Using this list, the roles can be developed before the system is installed. Authorizations in General ADM In the authorization list, you create user roles and specify the associated transactions.
In this example, it consists of two worksheets: Process View Roles Design - Scope The structure shows the business processes that were selected during the analysis and conception of the enterprise. The job roles and user roles are specified and linked with the processes here.
Transaction Overview for each Role T Code for each Role You can generate an overview of the transaction assignments for each role in the transaction overview after the modeling on sheet 1. You can see block formation of the role contents in the next figure.
With this figure, remind the participants that the role formation does not depend on the repeatedly used transactions, but rather on the enterprise requirements. This is also described in the note under the figure. Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept Modeling the role structure: Analyze the authorization list and determine the areas in which access to several transactions is needed.
Activity blocks such as this can be created as roles. To simplify implementation, you can subsequently modify roles during the technical conception phase, for example, by choosing additional functions to use activity blocks already defined. Note that access to the same transactions and reports is not a sufficient criterion for the existence of an activity block.
Since authorizations may vary even at field level, you must implement the different variants of individual activity blocks as separate or derived roles.
You can use the next figure to explain another approach. The composite role Roles can be technically implemented in composite roles such as job roles. Composite roles contain multiple single roles, which contain logically related transactions, known as activity blocks. To use single roles in the form of a building block principle. In turn, these encapsulate functions in composite roles as reusable modules such as accounts payable accountant. Authorizations in General ADM During the first conception and implementation approach, individual functions are encapsulated in separate roles for example, the Basis authorizations of the end-users.
From a technical point of view, all elements of the authorization concept must be assigned a unique identifier. This is why you must define individual naming conventions for all role types. The following text addresses the naming conventions for roles for the first time. If you want to decentralize user and authorization management, the naming conventions are also required for administrative purposes.
In this case, the access rights of the decentralized administrators should be limited to those composite roles that belong to a specific business area and thus apply only to a restricted namespace. Since roles are divided into individual and derived roles, the user roles created in this step may be different from the original specification defined during the development phase.
For example, the roles may contain more or fewer activities transactions and reports. This is why you must check that the roles have been properly defined before implementation. SAP recommends that you carry out a test implementation of the user roles and authorization concept in order to check the technical conception.
Step 3: Ask the participants: Do you know all of the authorization objects or authorization fields that are checked during the check for a particular transaction?
Implementation From a technical point of view, user roles job roles can be implemented as composite roles using the Profile Generator.
Composite roles consist of individual and composite roles that each contain the relevant authorizations and menu data. Authorizations specify the scope of access to data and functions. User menus use hierarchical structures to specify the access path to the transactions, reports and Internet pages released for a specific user.
An example of how you create user roles: Individual roles either describe higher-level functions that are independent of organizational or application-specific restrictions or are used as templates for creating derived roles that are not subject to any restrictions.
ADM940 SAP AS ABAP - Authorization Concept
These contain the desired organizational or application-specific restrictions. For each responsibility area, you create a derived role from an existing individual role. Step 4: In addition, the responsible area manager must approve of the role and authorization concept implemented. The following should be checked during the tests see also the text below the figure: If the customers finish the implementation of the authorization concept before the end user training, this can be used to perform an additional test.
You should use predefined test scenarios that cover all business processes implemented. The test scenarios should include both positive and negative checks of the authorizations of the individual roles.
The positive test checks whether the functions are executed as desired, while the negative test must confirm that all restrictions defined are observed. For example, a human resources administrator can display the users for a specific work center, but not the records for other work centers.
The test scenarios must cover all functions that are to be performed by a user role. If a function cannot be called during the test, you must correct the user roles and the authorization concept. Note that changes may affect several derived roles. In extreme cases, you must revise the entire role and authorization concept.
Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept You may also be required to modify the user menus in order to simplify access to the functions. To ensure that the system becomes more user-friendly, the project team responsible should closely cooperate with the representatives of the relevant business areas. After fine-tuning the user roles, you must repeat the tests as often as necessary until the user roles implemented completely comply with the security and usability requirements.
Step 5: Cutover Before you create the production users, you must create the master records for user management in your production environment, and possibly configure central user management. The work of the administrators is not complete with cutover. There is a significant amount of work for them to do at this stage: Describe the tasks: Cutover To simplify the creation of the individual user master records, you first create model records.
These model records are used as copy templates for the records of the productive users. In the central system, create a user master record for each role specified in the company-wide role matrix authorization list. Authorizations in General ADM into several responsibility areas that are subject to organizational restrictions company code, cost center, plant, and so on or application-specific control mechanisms such as FI authorization groups , you must create a separate record for each responsibility area.
Maintain the additional data parameters, printers, and so on. After consulting the area managers data owners , define the roles for each user. Consider that some users may have several roles or different roles in various logical systems clients. Enter the assignments in a user and role matrix. To create a master record for a user, you copy the model record for the relevant role and customize this record as required.
Get the final approval of the area managers with regard to the users created and communicate all access-relevant data system, client, ID, and password to the end users. Implementing User and Authorization Administration Explain the decisions that are necessary for user and authorization administration: List advantages and disadvantages. Users distributed in a far-reaching system landscape can be managed from within a central system: All users are initially created in a central logical system client and then distributed to the other clients of the entire installation.
Before you set up a central user management, you must determine which processes for example, assigning or locking roles can be run locally, and if modifications made in local systems for example, address changes should be passed on to the central system.
After the role and authorization concept is implemented, the members of the project team are normally no longer responsible for managing users and authorizations.
Depending on how the tasks are distributed in the company, the users are managed either centrally for example, using a help desk or on a decentralized basis by local location or department administrators. You must assign and train employees for this purpose. Make the following basic statement: Mention the principles of dual and treble control.
Organization of User and Authorization Administration The tasks of the authorization administrators include creating, activating, changing, deleting, and transporting roles. User administrators deal with setting up, changing, deleting, locking, and monitoring users and assigning passwords and authorizations.
The user and authorization management tasks should be distributed among several administrators for example, separate user, authorization data, and profile administrators. By assigning the user maintenance tasks to local administrators that represent individual departments or locations, you can even further decentralize user and authorization management.
Having an administrator on site can also be desirable since first-time users accessing the system often need to be introduced to their task-specific user role. In addition, decentralized administrators are useful for reporting since they know to whom the user IDs refer.
From a technical point of view, decentralization is achieved by subdividing the users into user groups and limiting the rights of the local administrators with regard to the assignment of authorizations.
Decentralized administrators may only maintain the users of the group that has been assigned to them. In addition, decentralized administrators should only be allowed to assign authorizations that are required in their department or at their site in accordance with the naming conventions of user roles. Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept Before the participants start the exercises, you should briefly summarize and describe the tasks to be performed.
To avoid errors during the exercise, demonstrate calling up the Microsoft Excel list. It is also important here that each group sets the macro security to low locally, and saves the file on their own computer. To ensure that participants are aware of this, these notes are also included in the exercise description. Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept 31 Exercise 1: A prepared Microsoft Excel list is provided for this purpose.
It allows you to divide the user tasks into small reusable blocks roles. System Data System: These SAP systems change weekly. The training courses are held in the 8xx clients; training administration will provide you with the exact numbers.
One of the clients is set up as the central system. User ID: The IDs contain the course ID and a two-digit group number.
For example, for the ADM course: The participants receive the required roles and authorizations for the exercises through the template. The instructor can set a uniform password for the users when creating them such as "ADM".
Training administration will inform you of the instructor password for access to the system. Set up instructions: Check the availability of the Microsoft Excel list for task 1 in the training system. No additional settings are required.
XLS, which you can find in the Shared Folders, and answer the following questions. The Shared Folders are in the Business Workplace. Menu Path: Double click the Microsoft Excel file to open it. If a dialog box appears, choose Enable Macros. Save your settings. Save the Microsoft Excel file on your hard disk for example, in the directory C: Close the file not Microsoft Excel.
Which master data is used by the company at Scenario Level, and should be used in the job roles Level 3? Which business processes Level 5 should be taken into account for assigning authorizations and were included in the Microsoft Excel list? Which transaction codes were copied for the business process sales order processing?
Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept Task 2: Define roles for the enterprise areas: The accounts receivable accountant should also be able to maintain the accounting views of the accounts receivable master. What does maintain mean? Discuss this term with your neighbor and consider opinions and points of view. SD Define a role for a Sales and Distribution clerk SDClerk, SD , and assign all transactions of the Sales Order Processing Standard business process as well as transactions for overall maintenance of the SD views of the accounts receivable master records to this role.
SD Define a role for the Sales and Distribution manager SDMan, SD , and assign all transactions of the Sales Order Processing Standard business process as well as transactions for overall maintenance of all accounting and sales and distribution views of the accounts receivable master to this role. Assign the transactions of the Goods Receipt Processing business process to this role.
Generate an overview of the transactions and roles by pressing the appropriate button. How many transactions were chosen for the individual roles: Now combine these transactions into meaningful roles to ensure that these single roles can be reused in several composite roles. There are several ways to do this. Do not worry if your solution is not the same as your neighbor's.
The solutions will vary from group to group. Go back to the first worksheet Roles Design. Combine several transactions into roles in such a way that these single roles can be reused in several composite roles.
To do this, you can color code the roles or draw a border around them. Give the roles meaningful names and enter the associated transactions in the following table. Compare the names that you have given the roles with the suggestions in the solution.
Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept Solution 1: Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept Task 1: Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept What does maintain mean? Model solution as a sample authorization concept: See the next page or exercise 1 for the unit Working with the Profile Generator 1.
Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept Name of the Role Transactions for this Role a The following table shows the role names in accordance with the example authorization concept, which you will use in later exercises.
The example authorization concept is then shown graphically. It is divided into: At the end of this unit, every participant should have an image of the authorization concept, and be able to explain its meaning and use. To round off this knowledge, lesson 2 introduces the authorization check in the SAP system. Unit Overview This unit uses two lessons to provide an introduction to the basic terms of authorization and the main authorization check in the SAP system.
The relationships between the authorization terms are explained step-by-step and form a good basis for all subsequent units. Elements and Terminology of the Authorization Concept The classical terms, such as authorization object, authorization field, authorization, and so on are introduced first. After this, every participant should be able to correctly arrange the expressions used and to explain the relationships between them. This knowledge is the basis for all other procedures.
Business Example The SAP authorization concept prevents unauthorized access to the system and to data and objects within the system. Users that are to perform specific functions in the SAP system need a user master record with the relevant authorizations.
Try to use questions to the participants to draw up the figure together. An example could be: Authorization Object: Groups 1 to 10 authorization fields together. These fields are then checked simultaneously example: Application authorization. Authorization field: An instance of an authorization object, that is, a combination of allowed values for each authorization field of an authorization object.
Authorization profile: Contains instances authorizations for different authorization objects. A role describes the activities of an SAP user.
Used for logging on to SAP systems and grants restricted access to functions and objects of the SAP system based on authorization profiles. Naming conventions for customer developments see SAP Notes and They must not contain an underscore in the second position. Explain the definitions of the terms and clarify the presented terms using an example. Authorization objects are called using the following menu path: Initial access is always made through the authorization object class.
You can display the authorization fields by double clicking the authorization object names. Tools 2. ABAP Workbench 3.
Development 4. Other Tools 5. Authorization Objects 6. Authorization to edit documents for specific company codes. Authorization to maintain the accounts receivable master record for specific company codes. Why does this make sense? Each object has a specific number of allowed activities, which are described in the object documentation.
Every customer can create their own authorization object classes, authorization objects, and authorization fields. Since it is very important that all participants understand the relationships between instances, objects, profiles, roles, and so on, there is another example of two authorizations at this point. Think of an example of an authorization check. This means that the user can perform the create, change and display activities in company codes and , but can only perform the display activity in company code The next figure clarifies the difference between an authorization and an authorization profile.
Authorizations and Authorization Profiles You can define several different authorizations for an authorization object. This means that an authorization object has various instances. Authorized to create, change and display documents in company code Authorized to display documents in company code You can assign multiple authorizations to a work center.
Grouped together, these authorizations are called an authorization profile. Work center 2 has the following authorization profile: Establish the relationships between all elements of a role. These are defined using the Profile Generator.
A role is a set of functions, also known as activities, describing a specific work area.
In the role, you organize transactions, reports, or Web addresses in a role menu. For a user to be able to receive authorizations, you must first maintain authorization data.
You can then generate the authorization profile, and the role is complete. SAP strongly recommends the automatic creation of authorization profiles in the form of roles using the Profile Generator.
You should only use manual authorization profiles in exceptional cases. A role can be assigned to any number of users. Through the role, you also assign the authorizations that users need to access the transactions, reports, and so on contained in the menu.
This user menu appears when the user to which the authorization profile was assigned logs on to the SAP system. A user menu consists of the role menus of the assigned roles. It contains the activities that are required by a group of users for their work area. We strongly recommend that customers do not create authorization profiles manually. An authorization profile is generated from these. The user menu created from multiple role menus contains only those transactions, reports and Web addresses needed by the users for their daily work processes.
The user menus can be and are often created with the Profile Generator using composite roles. You should also use an example of a user to show the participants a role and the corresponding profile. Explain the contents, and discuss the display. Use the jump points from the Info System and demonstrate similar queries to those in the exercises, before the participants perform these themselves.
Task 1: Display the master record of user ADM Are roles assigned to the user? If yes, which ones? Is an authorization profile assigned to the user? Double-click the profile name to go to the detail screen of the authorization profile.
Expand the tree structure of the authorization profile. Do you have authorizations for the following authorization objects? Field 1: Exit the transaction.
Task 2: Display various authorization information in the Information System. In which transactions is the authorization object checked? Choose the All Selections icon. Select the authorization object class from task What is controlled with this authorization object? The number of authorization objects is indicated at the end of the list. Expand the structure for the Roles node, and choose the report By Role Name.
Display the transaction assignment for the role. How many transactions in total are assigned to the role? The number of transactions is displayed at the end of the list. Elements and Terminology of the Authorization Concept Task 1: Authorization for authorization object: Create Change Display Lock, Unlock Delete Display Change Documents Include Users in Roles Archive Assign Transactions that administrators may assign to roles and for which they may assign authorization to start a transaction in the Profile Generator.
Number of transactions: The number of transactions is indicated at the end of the list. There are essentially two checks. The first check is performed by the system when transactions are called, and the second is then performed by checks in the program. The user buffer, which is also introduced, plays a vital role in the check. To say nothing of the check in the program.
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Many customers or users in user departments still believe that it is possible simply to check any values in next to no time. However, to do this, it is necessary to change the program - and much more besides. Describe the false perceptions with examples from your experience.
In this way, there is, for example, a mandatory kernel check for each transaction start. The main task, however, in the company, is to control the checks in programs. To do this, it is very important to understand the relationship between the buffer and the authorization check. Each time a transaction is started, the kernel checks the transaction code TCD as a value against this authorization object.
We recommend that you demonstrate and discuss the second check, which is connected to table TSTCA, only after the exercise. Authorization Checks at Transaction Start When starting a transaction, a system program executes a series of checks to ensure the user has the appropriate authorizations.
Check if the user is authorized to start the transaction. Check if an authorization object is assigned to the transaction code. If this is the case, the system checks if the user has an authorization for this authorization object.
If any of the above steps fail, the transaction will not begin, and the user will receive a message. The ABAP statement authority-check is used to check the authorization object assigned to the transaction. The check is performed during transaction start by the ABAP program called by the transaction. A program may contain any number of authorization checks. The following authorization is checked: The valid return codes for the authority-check command are: The user has the authorization for the authorization object with the correct field values.
The user has an authorization for the the authorization object, but the values checked are not assigned to the user. The user does not have any authorizations for the authorization object. No profile is entered in the user master record. If participants know other return codes and ask you about them, direct them to the online documentation or to SAP Notes on this topic.
The values that are returned by the program check depend on the user buffer. It decides which authorizations are available to the user and which are not.
Explain the way in which the user buffer works. Each user has his or her own user buffer, in which all authorizations that are assigned to the user are listed.
Also discuss the content of the note below. You should point out that there has been a change where the user buffer is concerned. User Buffer When a user signs on to an SAP system, a user buffer is built containing all authorizations for the user. Each user has his or her own user buffer. If Mr. A user would fail an authorization check if: You will not be permitted to do so.
Discuss the displayed result. Explain the display and then have the participants perform the exercise. It is also important to determine, if an unsuccessful authorization check is reported, why it was unsuccessful. This exercise will consolidate the content of the lesson with work in the system.
Which authorization object is checked when the transaction is called? Which authorization values must exist for the authorization check to be positive and the transaction to be started? Can you call the transaction? What message is returned by the system?
Find out which object was checked, and what authorizations you have. Can you call a failed authorization check for another participant? Try to do so. Task 3: What do you see in the user buffer? Describe its content. How can you call the user buffer? How many authorization entries do you have? Deal briefly with the essential difference between system access control and role-based access control and then describe the individual tab pages of the master record.
Unit Overview What is the user master record? This question is answered in this unit.
SAP systems differentiate between system access control and role-based access control. Both are assigned and controlled using the user master record of a user. Maintaining and Evaluating User Data First, the SAP user types are explained. The components of the user master record are then discussed.
The functions of mass maintenance and change documentation are clarified. Explain that the users can only log on to the system if a user master record exists.
The figures up to the mass maintenance of user data explain in detail the following components of the user master record: Business Example To access the SAP system and work in the system, a user master record with authorizations is required. Other elements of the user master record make it easier to work with the SAP system. The assignment of these authorizations can be controlled individually for each user, but also, to an extent, using mass maintenance.
Components of the User Master Record A user can only logon to an SAP system if a user master record with a corresponding password exists. The scope of activity of individual users in the SAP system is defined in the master record by one or more roles, and is restricted by the assignment of the appropriate authorizations.
User master records are client-specific. You must maintain your own user master records for every client in SAP systems. The following authorization objects are required to create and maintain user master records: In addition to the possibilities for assigning authorizations in the SAP system described in the following sections, you can ensure that your data is protected with additional measures: Tab Page: Maintaining and Evaluating User Data Figure User Master Record: Address Hint: You must specify at least the following data to create new users in a system: All other specifications are optional and almost self-explanatory.
Logon Data The next figure shows the logon data. Important settings are to be made on this tab page. These include: An alias can be assigned to a user. This means that 40 characters are available when assigning user names longer, more descriptive names. The user can therefore be identified using either the 12 character user name or using the alias.
The alias is primarily used if users are created in a Self-Service scenario from Internet transactions. In this situation, only the alias is specified and used. User Group for Authorization Check: To assign the user to a user group, enter the user group. This is required if you want to divide user maintenance among several user administrators. Only the administrator that has authorization for this group can maintain users of this group. If you leave the field empty, the user is not assigned to any group.
This means that any user administrator can maintain the user. User Type: The system proposal is Dialog normal dialog user. The other user types can be assigned if special kinds of processing have to be performed see the next figure. Validity Period: You can specify the validity period of the user master record with these fields.
If you do not wish to restrict the validity of the user master record, leave the fields empty. Other Data: For each user or user group, you should assign an accounting number which you can choose as required. Useful accounting numbers, for example, are the cost center or company code of the user.
Maintaining and Evaluating User Data The different user types are listed in the next figure. The descriptions for the participants have been taken from the online documentation.
Since the description of the reference user is too large for the introduction to the user types, it was shortened for the participants. However, to ensure that all of the data is directly available for the instructor, the missing information is below. Extra information: Reference User L To assign a reference user to a dialog user, specify it when maintaining the dialog user on the Roles tab page.
In general, the application controls the assignment of reference users. If the assigned reference user does not exist in a CUA child system, the assignment is ignored. You should be very cautious when creating reference users. Changing the Customizing switch affects only new assignments of reference users.
Existing assignments are retained. The new structure is fully backward compatible. No conversion is required. Dialog A User type for exactly one interactive user all logon types including Internet users: The user can change his or her password himself or herself.
Only the user administrator can change the password. Due to a lack of interaction, no request for a change of password occurs. Service S User type that is a dialog user available to a larger, anonymous group of users. Assign only very restricted authorizations for this user type: After an individual authentication, an anonymous session begun with a service user can be continued as a person-related session with a dialog user.
You cannot log on to the system with a reference user. For more information, see the online documentation, or read SAP Note A user needs the credit management transactions to perform the daily work.
On the logon screen, the user can choose another language if required. The users in the SAP system use this name or the long name to select the output device. The underlying set of rules describes the time difference between the time zone and UTC in hours and minutes, and the start and end of summer time.
Enter the format usual for your country. Parameters There is not much to say about the parameters. Describe their use using the example below the figure. You can also ask a few questions at this point, such as: A few customers may claim at this point that assigned parameters are not automatically transferred to the corresponding fields. Why is this? This is usually due to a customer program or transactions that use different parameters from those used by SAP.
A user only has authorization for company code When a transaction starts, this company code is saved to the memory using the corresponding parameter ID. On all subsequent screens, all fields referencing the company code data element are then automatically filled with the value A field on a screen is only filled automatically with the value saved under the parameter ID of the data element, if you have explicitly allowed this in the Screen Painter. Roles A role is a set of functions describing a specific work area.
In the role, you organize transactions, reports, or Web addresses in a user menu. Inform the participants that assigning the role to the user does not necessarily mean that the user has authorizations. A few reasons for this could be: For more information, see the relevant lessons or the online documentation. Roles On the Roles tab page, you can use the possible entries help F4 help to display a list of all available roles and then select the desired entries from that list.
Maintaining and Evaluating User Data You can enter any number of roles in the table, and then restrict their validity using the Valid From and Valid To columns. If you use the input help for these columns, the system displays a calendar in which you can select the date. Profiles On the Profiles tab page, you assign manually created authorization profiles, and therefore authorizations, to a user. The generated profiles of the roles assigned to the user are also displayed there.
Ensure that you explain the special features of generated profiles, in connection with the user master comparison when discussing the Profiles tab page see the notes after the figure.
Profiles Each profile grants the user a number of authorizations. When you assign a role to a user on the Roles tab page, the profile generated for this role is automatically entered on the Profiles tab page, and the profiles in the user master record and compared with the roles. Composite profile to bridge the differences in releases in the case of new or changed authorization checks for existing functions, so that your users can continue to work as normal.
Groups Groups Tab Page You assign the user to a user group on this tab page.
Assignments that you make on the Groups tab page are not used for authorization checks that are specified on the Logon Data tab page using the User Group field. However, this is deactivated. The next tab page, Groups, is not currently fully actively used.
The main use, for the Global User Manager, has officially been deactivated. For this reason, this tab page is not described in detail here. For more information, see SAP Note , the current online documentation, or access the latest information through the link www. Personalization Personalization Tab Page Hint: Personalization does not yet contain much data.
This is still being developed, and can be extended by the customer. For more information, see the online documentation, or, for more detailed information about storing user-dependent data, see Central Repository for Personalization Data [Ext. Maintaining and Evaluating User Data You can make person-related settings here using personalization objects. The tab page is available both in role maintenance and in user maintenance.
Personalization is available both from role maintenance and in user maintenance. You can define values here that control the results displayed when programs are called such as display periods: Last three months, Number of entries: Steps for using personalization: The right side of the display lists the personalization objects provided for this component.
License Data SAP software contains a measurement program with which every system produces the information used to determine the payment applicable for the installation. The price lists, in accordance with which your system was licensed, are assigned in this transaction. Only one active price list is usually used.
License Data The measurement program is used exclusively to determine the number of users and the utilized units of SAP products. The results are evaluated in accordance with the contractually agreed conditions. For more information, see the current version of the document System Measurement Guide service. Pay particular attention to the logs at the end of a mass change.
Not all of the information displayed in the log can be displayed again later using the change documents.Example text Exact user entry. Creating and Implementing an Authorization Concept 31 Exercise 1: In this example, it consists of two worksheets: SAP does not use different names for single and composite roles. If some functions are used unchanged in multiple roles, the associated transactions and reports are contained in several individual roles.
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