PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION PDF
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and .. ratification of this Constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-list . SUMMARY / REVIEWER OF THE PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION. Jocelyn Frago. INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE 4. Social Contract Theory. do ordain and promulgate this Constitution. ARTICLE I. NATIONAL TERRITORY. The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands.
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This Act shall be known as the "Civil Code of the Philippines." (n) Judicial decisions applying or interpreting the laws or the Constitution shall form a part of the. CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES. PREAMBLE. The Filipino people, imploring the aid of Divine Providence, in order to establish. PDF | This e-book is a college textbook for the course, Philippine History with Politics, Government, and the Philippines Constitution. It provides.
The Justices of the Supreme Court, who can overturn unconstitutional laws, are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The Philippine government seeks to act in the best interests of its citizens through this system of checks and balances.
The Constitution expressly grants the Supreme Court the power of Judicial Review as the power to declare a treaty, international or executive agreement, law, presidential decree, proclamation, order, instruction, ordinance or regulation unconstitutional.
Legislative Department The Legislative Branch enacts legislation, confirms or rejects Presidential appointments, and has the authority to declare war.
This branch includes Congress the Senate and House of Representatives and several agencies that provide support services to Congress. House of Representatives — The House of Representatives shall be composed of not more than two hundred and fifty members, unless otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area in accordance with the number of their respective inhabitants, and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio, and those who, as provided by law, shall be elected through a party-list system of registered national, regional, and sectoral parties or organizations.
The party-list representatives shall constitute twenty per cent of the total number of representatives including those under the party list. For three consecutive terms after the ratification of this Constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-list representatives shall be filled, as provided by law, by selection or election from the labor, peasant, urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, women, youth, and such other sectors as may be provided by law, except the religious sector.
THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES – PREAMBLE
Executive Department The executive branch carries out and enforces laws. It includes the President, Vice President, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and committees.
Key roles of the executive branch include: President — The President leads the country. The President serves a six-year term and cannot be re-elected. If the President is unable to serve, the Vice President becomes President.
The Cabinet — Cabinet members serve as advisors to the President.
They include the Vice President and the heads of executive departments. Cabinet members are nominated by the President and must be confirmed by the Commission of Appointments.
Judicial Department The judicial branch interprets the meaning of laws, applies laws to individual cases, and decides if laws violate the Constitution. The right of the people to information on matters of public concern shall be recognized.
Access to official records, and to documents and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions, or decisions, as well as to government research data used as basis for policy development, shall be afforded the citizen, subject to such limitations as may be provided by law.
Section 8. The right of the people, including those employed in the public and private sectors, to form unions, associations, or societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be abridged. Section 9.
Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation. Section No law impairing the obligation of contracts shall be passed. Free access to the courts and quasi-judicial bodies and adequate legal assistance shall not be denied to any person by reason of poverty.
If the person cannot afford the services of counsel, he must be provided with one. These rights cannot be waived except in writing and in the presence of counsel.
Secret detention places, solitary, incommunicado, or other similar forms of detention are prohibited. All persons, except those charged with offenses punishable by reclusion perpetua when evidence of guilt is strong, shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, or be released on recognizance as may be provided by law.
The right to bail shall not be impaired even when the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus is suspended. Excessive bail shall not be required.
However, after arraignment, trial may proceed notwithstanding the absence of the accused provided that he has been duly notified and his failure to appear is unjustifiable. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended except in cases of invasion or rebellion when the public safety requires it.
All persons shall have the right to a speedy disposition of their cases before all judicial, quasi-judicial, or administrative bodies. No person shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.No person shall be imprisoned for debt or non-payment of a poll tax. Purpose of requi rement that yea: The modern state has four 4 essential elements.
The Congress may not increase the appropriations recommended by the President for the operation of the Government as specified in the Budget, except the appropriations for the Congress and the Judicial Department.
Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military 1. Bases of the principle;;; No law granting a title of nobility shall be enacted, and no person holding any office of profit shall, without the consent of the Congress of the Philippines, accept any present, emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever from any foreign state.