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ENGLISH GRAMMAR WORKBOOK FOR DUMMIES 2ND EDITION PDF

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English Grammar Workbook For Dummies 2nd Edition Pdf

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Comforting, but unreal. English has a half million words, and you can arrange those words a couple of gazillion ways. Spelling is also a problem. Every time I type verbal, the computer squawks. But verbal — a grammar term meaning a word that comes from a verb but does not function as a verb — is a real word. Nor can the computer tell the difference between homonyms — words that sound alike but have different meanings and spelling. For example, if I type Eye through the bawl at hymn, but it went threw the window pain instead.

English Grammar Workbook for Dummies® by Geraldine Woods (2011, Paperback)

However, I was actually trying to say I threw the ball at him, but it went through the window pane instead. In short, the computer knows some grammar and spelling, but you have to know the rest. Solutions to Your Grammar Gremlins I love to stroll around my neighborhood pondering prepositions. With my head in the clouds, I sometimes stub my toe on a sidewalk crack. Once I know where the cracks are, however, I can avoid them.

If you can figure out where the cracks are in your grammati- cal neighborhood — the gremlins likely to catch your toes — your sentences will roll along without risk of falling flat. Table 1. Skim the first column until you recognize something that stumps you. Then turn to the chapter listed in the second column. Two dogcatchers-in-chief?

Bagels are on sale. Comma needed? Grammatically-correct sentence? Dummies titles. Chapter 2 Verbs: A sentence is a flatbed truck. You pile all your ideas on the truck, and the truck takes the meaning to your audi- ence your reader or your listener.

The verb of the sentence is a set of tires. Every sentence needs a verb, so you start with the verb when you want to do anything to your sentence — including correct it.

Verbs come in all shapes and sizes. In this chapter, I explain how to distinguish between linking and action verbs and to sort helping verbs from main verbs. Then I show you how to choose the correct verb for each sentence. Finally, I explain which pro- nouns you need for sentences with linking verbs. Linking Verbs: The Giant Equal Sign Linking verbs are also called being verbs because they express states of being — what is, will be, or was.

Linking verbs are like giant equal signs plopped into the middle of your sentence. Thus, is is a linking verb.

Here are more linking verbs: Lulu will be angry when she hears about the missing bronze tooth. In the preceding section, you may have noticed that all the linking verbs in the sample sentences are forms of the verb to be, which is surprise, sur- prise how they got the name being verbs.

I prefer the term linking because some equal-sign verbs are not forms of the verb to be. Check out these examples: With his foot-long fingernails and sly smile, Big Foot seemed threatening. The Heart of the Sentence Seemed, appears, remains, and stays are similar to forms of the verb to be in that they express states of being. They simply add shades of meaning to the basic concept. You may, for example, say that With his foot-long fingernails and sly smile, Big Foot was threatening. Seemed leaves room for doubt.

Similarly, remains in the third sample sentence adds a time dimension to the basic expression of being. The sentence implies that the penalty was and still is severe. No matter how you name it, any verb that places an equal sign in the sen- tence is a being, linking, or copulative verb.

Savoring sensory verbs Sensory verbs — verbs that express information you receive through the senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, and so forth — may also be linking verbs: Which sentence has a linking verb? That annoying new clock sounds the hour with a recorded cannon shot. Sentence B has the linking verb. In sentence A, the clock is doing something — sounding the hour — not being.

Try another. Larry stays single only for very short periods of time. Stay in the yard, Fido, or I cut your dog-biscuit ration in half! Sentence A has the linking verb. In sentence B, Fido is being told to do something — to stay in the backyard — clearly an action. Linking verbs connect the subject and the subject complement, also known as the predicate nominative and predicate adjective.

For more on complements, read Chapter 6. Here is a list of the most common linking verbs: The Heart of the Sentence Completing Linking Verb Sentences Correctly A linking verb begins a thought, but it needs another word to complete the thought.

Due to a grammar error The picnic has been cancelled due to? Okay, which one is correct — due to or because of? The answer is because of. According to a rulethatpeopleignoremoreandmoreeveryday: It may follow a linking verb if it gives information about the subject. In a linking verb sentence, the subject always a noun or pronoun may be linked to a description follow- ing the verb.

An example: Due to her deprived upbringing in an all-polyes- ter household describes mania. Because of and on account of describe an action, usually answering the question why.

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The bubble-gum gun that George fired is no longer being manufactured because of protests from the dental association. Why is the gun no longer being manufactured? Because of protests from the dental association. In real life that is to say, in everyday conversa- tional English , due to and because of are inter- changeable.

When you need your most formal, most correct language, be careful with this pair! One easy solution easier than remem- bering which phrase is which is to avoid them entirely and simply add because with a sub- ject—verb pair. The Parts of the Sentence You have three possible completions for a linking verb: Take a look at some descriptions that complete the linking-verb equation: The other descriptive words, not and very, describe helpful, not solution.

You may also complete a linking verb equation with a person, place, or thing — a noun, in grammatical terms. Here are some examples: The most important part of a balanced diet is popcorn. For example: The winner of the all-state spitball contest is you!

However, you can do a lot wrong when you com- plete a linking verb sentence with a pronoun — a fact that has come to the attention of standardized test-makers, who love to stump you with this sort of sentence. Never fear: Think of a linking-verb sentence as reversible. That is, the pronoun you put after a linking verb should be the same kind of pronoun that you put before a linking verb.

Read these sentence pairs: Ruggles is a resident of Red Gap. A resident of Red Gap is Ruggles. Lulu was a resident of Beige Gap. A resident of Beige Gap was Lulu. Both sentences in each pair mean the same thing, and both are correct.

Now look at pronouns: The winner of the election is him! Him is the winner of the election! Uh oh. You say he is. Because you have a linking verb is , you must put the same word after the linking verb that you would put before the linking verb. Try it again: The winner of the election is he! He is the winner of the election! Subject pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who, and whoever. Pronouns that are not allowed to be subjects include me, him, her, us, them, whom, and whomever.

More on objects in Chapter 6. Remember that in the previous examples, I discuss formal English, not conver- sational English. In conversational English, the following exchange is okay: It is me. The Parts of the Sentence In formal English, the exchange goes like this: Who is there? It is I. Because of the linking verb is, you want the same kind of pronoun before and after the linking verb.

I takes a different verb — am. Both is and am are forms of the verb to be — one of the most peculiar creations in the entire language. So yes, you some- times have to adjust the verb when you reverse a sentence with a form of to be in it.

But the idea is the same; I can be a subject. One group, the nominative or subject case, includes all the pronouns that may be subjects. The pronoun that follows the linking verb should also be in nominative, or subject, case. Another group of pronouns, those in objective case, acts as objects.

Avoid object pronouns after linking verbs. For more information on pronoun case, see Chapter You have to do something. Everything that is not being is action, at least in the verb world. Drew slapped the offending pig right on the snout. Slapped is an action verb. Fred will steal third base as soon as his sneezing fit ends. Will steal and ends are action verbs. According to the teacher, Roger has shot at least 16 spitballs in the last ten minutes. Has shot is an action verb. Besides describing my ideal vacation, these words are also action verbs!

Think of the definition this way: The extra words are called helping verbs. For more on tense, see Chapter 3. Here are some sentences with helping verbs: Alice will have sung five arias from that opera by the time her recorder runs out of tape and her listeners run out of patience.

In will have sung, sung is the main verb; will and have are helping verbs; runs and run are both main verbs without helping verbs. Larry should have refused to play the part of the villain, but his ego simply would not be denied. In should have refused, refused is the main verb; should and have are helping verbs; in would be denied, denied is the main verb; would and be are helping verbs.

If you find only part of the verb, you may confuse action verbs with linking verbs. To decide whether you have an action verb or a linking verb, look at the main verb, not at the helping verbs. If the main verb expresses action, the whole verb is action, even if one of the helpers is a form of to be. The Parts of the Sentence Pop the Question: Locating the Verb A scientific study by a blue-ribbon panel of experts found that 90 percent of all the errors in a sentence occurred because the verb was misidentified.

Okay, there was no study. I made it up! But it is true that when you try to crack a sentence, you should always start by identifying the verb. To find the verb, read the sentence and ask two questions: Verb What is? W hat's happening? If you get an answer to the first question, you have an action verb.

If you get an answer to the second question, you have a linking verb. For example, in the sentence Archie flew around the room and then swooped into his cage for a bird- seed snack. Flew and swooped are action verbs. Try another: You have no action verb. What is? Will be. Will be is a linking verb. The Heart of the Sentence Pop the question and find the verbs in the following sentences. For extra credit, identify the verbs as action or linking.

Michelle scratched the cat almost as hard as the cat had scratched her. After months of up-and-down motion, Lester is taking the elevator side- ways, just for a change of pace.

English Grammar Workbook for DUMMIES [Ebook.PDF - Learning English Document]

Examples or infinitives include to laugh, to sing, to burp, to write, and to be. The most important thing to know about infinitives is this: Other than that, forget about infinitives! Do these sentences look familiar? Lola was suppose to take out the garbage, but she refused to do so, saying that gar- bage removal was not part of her creative development.

Ralph use to take out the trash, but after that unfortunate encounter with a raccoon and an empty potato chip bag, he is reluc- tant to venture near the cans. George is suppose to do all kinds of things, but of course he never does anything he is suppose to do.

If these sentences look familiar, look again. Each one is wrong. Check out the italicized verbs: All represent what people hear but not what the speaker is actually trying to say. The correct words to use in these instances are supposed and used — past tense forms.

For example, you commonly see sentences like the following: Matt vowed to really study if he ever got the chance to take the flight instructor exam again.

This example is common, but incorrect. Grammatically, to study is a unit — one infinitive. Now that you know this rule, read the paper. Everybody splits infinitives, even the grayest, dullest papers with no comics whatsoever.

So you have two choices. You can split infinitives all you want, or you can follow the rule and feel totally supe- rior to the professional journalists. The choice is yours. Always write them as two separate words: Ella and Larry who also has pronun- ciation trouble , help each other prepare state- of-the-union speeches every January.

You can write the following words as one or two words, but with two differ- ent meanings: Daniel was altogether disgusted with the way the entire flock of dodo birds sang all together. Another pair of tricky words: Lex said that he would visit Lulu some- time, but not now because he has to spend some time in jail for murdering the English language.

Still more: And another pair: He has the palace staff perform all of those duties every day. Last set, I promise: Chapter 3 Relax!

For more information on finding the verb in a sentence, see Chapter 2. In some lucky languages — Thai, for example — the verb has basically one form. Published May 8th by For Dummies first published April 20th More Details Original Title. Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

To ask other readers questions about English Grammar Workbook for Dummies , please sign up. Be the first to ask a question about English Grammar Workbook for Dummies. Lists with This Book.

This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. Sort order. Jun 23, Wayan Adhi rated it really liked it Shelves: Finally finished this book.

It took me 3 months to completely read and practice all the contents in this book. As someone who has little understanding of grammar, this book really helped me learning English language. Aug 05, Sally Hannoush rated it it was amazing. I loved the "dummies"kind of books. I was highly entertained while being informed.

English Grammar For Dummies

This high powerful for those in hood or. I feel as if I am doing a def study class and even the pop questions.

I was the writing processors Authors can also learn from reading questionable questions. To learn ones a audience reflects on ow you wright to cat the attention. Jan 20, Soapykitty rated it it was ok Shelves: I checked this book out from my library on a whim and what a waste of time!

Much like English Grammar for Dummies,this book is full of stupid examples that make no sense at all and it just left me feeling frustrated. With just a little practice every day, you'll be speaking correctly, writing confidently, and getting the recognition you deserve at work or at school.

English Grammar Workbook For Dummies will empower you to structure sentences correctly, make subject and verbs agree, and use tricky punctuation marks such as commas, semicolons, and apostrophes without fear.

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Undetected country. NO YES. Home Subjects Reference. Description About the Author Permissions Table of contents. Selected type: Added to Your Shopping Cart. Get some good grammar practice-and start speaking and writing well Good grammar is important, whether you want to advance your career, boost your GPA, or increase your SAT or ACT score.

Hundreds of practice exercises and helpful explanations Explanations mirror teaching methods and classroom protocols Focused, modular content presented in step-by-step lessons English Grammar Workbook For Dummies will empower you to structure sentences correctly, make subject and verbs agree, and use tricky punctuation marks such as commas, semicolons, and apostrophes without fear. About the Author Geraldine Woods is a high school English teacher and author of more than 40 books.

Permissions Request permission to reuse content from this site. Table of contents Introduction 1 Part I: Building a Firm Foundation: Grammar Basics 5 Chapter 1:I thoroughly enjoyed this book; served as great refresher. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. This icon tells you how to avoid common mistakes as you construct a sentence.

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