ENCYCLOPEDIA OF HEAVY METAL MUSIC PDF
Encyclopedia of HeavyMetal Music. HEAVY METAL MUSIC: AN INTRODUCTION 7Certain aspects of the criticism are accurate. Unlike other. William PHILLIPS & Brian A. COGAN, Encyclopedia of. Heavy Metal Music. Brian Hickam. Electronic version. URL: myavr.info ISSN: Heavy metal (often referred to simply as metal) is a genre of rock music that .. Rolling Stone encyclopedia entry begins, "Australian heavy-metal band.
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Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal Music This page intentionally left blank Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal Music WILLIAM PHIL. According to the Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal by authors Brian Cogan and Phillips, the music genre “metal” is a subgenre of rock and roll (Encyclopedia of. It has been reviled, dismissed, attacked, and occasionally been the subject of Congressional hearings, but still, the genre of music known as heavy metal.
Slayer said "How long will that be? The best and most honest answer we can give you is 'as long as it takes.
Bassist Felipe Andreoli also announced his departure from Almah. His replacement is said to be Adrien Guerin. The band's publicists, have stated that Blythe is "wrongfully accused".
He was released July 11 to continue the rest of the tour. In December she is replaced by Kiki, "What makes her so unique and talented is to be able to handle both clean voice and scream voice.
The label went ahead with the charges without the band's permission.
The doctors said, "he was examined by numerous physicians and diagnosed to have had a full-system collapse due to extreme dehydration and heat exhaustion intensified by the lack of ventilation on stage at the venue. A Facebook page statement was released as follows, "The band members of Baroness and their crew are recovering from injuries sustained after their tour bus crashed outside of Bath England early on Wednesday morning. John Baizley has broken his left arm and left leg.
Allen Blickle and Matt Maggioni each suffered fractured vertebrae. The intersection between the terms hard rock and heavy metal, for example, is problematic at best, and the purpose of the authors was not to be the sole arbiters of taste, but to be as broadly inclusive as possible. These are legitimate questions, and music scholars and magazines have been debating them for years, with little or no consensus.
The Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal Music examines this form in all its complexity, contradictions, inconsistency, and power. Therefore, because of the active nature of the metal audience, and the proprietary way in which many metal fans regard the genre, there are inclusions and exclusions that may disappoint some fans.
We must state, however, that, because of reasons of space and time, not every band that was ever considered a metal band is included here. Because we feel that it is better to highlight some lesser-known but praiseworthy bands in this encyclopedia, we feel that if we have erred, it is on the side of writing about bands that will be appreciated by the novice, as opposed to listing every band from every time period.
To some whom we discussed this project with, metal culture can be traced back not merely to the sixties, but some have argued that metal began with Wagner, Aleister Crowley, or even Dracula. Was the use of feedback on a song enough to make it heavy? All of these are interesting questions for barroom debate; they are ultimately not the main question.
These bands possessed not only the prerequisite ability to play ferociously, but also the intentionality to play that way, a key factor in determining in retrospect for the two bands in particular what is or is not metal.
Metal is not just about playing well, but playing with the intention to be a heavy metal band. A metal band, and members of the subculture, need to understand that to live metal is to dress metal, to talk metal, to follow associated metal rituals and to understand the symbols and signs of metal. To be a heavy metal fan or band is to try and live metal in the most authentic way possible. A casual fan can get by without knowing the canon of metal back and forth, but for fans who want to be considered part of the metal community, understanding the value of metal cultural capital means understanding the history of metal, and being able to articulate a position on what constitutes true or false metal.
We would like to thank the following individuals, without whom this work would not have been possible. In terms of research, John Lisa and Ken Wohlrob have been indispensable sources of guidance and wisdom in terms of metal history and the succession of metal waves and new movements within the genre, and we thank them for their time and patience.
Gwenn Morreale was also an invaluable research aid in terms of gathering raw material and data for this book. For her constantly inspiring radio show on WFMU, Diane Kamikaze deserves special thanks for her efforts at publicizing some of the most extreme bands in metal today. Joe Cogan our resident Uriah Heep expert and Rick Ventura, our resident expert on, and ex-member of, Riot were also a huge help.
Brian would also like to thank his family, wife Lisa, parents Joseph and Ann Cogan, brother Joe and sister-in-law Amy, and brother Sean, sister-in-law Diane, and nephews Cara and Gavin.
Brian would like to thank Bill Phillips for all of his wisdom and patience. Bill would like to thank Brian Cogan for his inspiration and humor in the course of this project, and Sue Collins for her support and camaraderie. And to my amazing nieces and nephews whose love of music continues to inspire my own. Brian and Bill would like to thank Kristi Ward, our editor at Greenwood, for her dedication and inspiration over the course of this project.
To Kristi, Brian promises never again to work on two publications at the same time, unless Greenwood decides to put out two books on dub reggae and Dr.
Who at the same time, then he is ready and willing. The genre is generally agreed to have started in the mid- to late s, depending on which band one takes as the starting point. They helped set the template for the metal bands that followed, especially in terms of musicianship, but also in fashion, attitude, and style.
Heavy metal fashion and style, however, just like the music, are constantly transforming and evolving into distinct subgenres and subcultures with their own evolving rules and rituals. It seems as though this term is primarily used by masculine fans of the genre, as the sexist presumption among many members of the community is that women are attracted to less-heavy music and more to power ballads.
The term soon became widely accepted, although as we note in this work, it rapidly became divided into various subgenres and metal subcultures such as thrash metal, and especially black metal and death metal. Metal Music Beginnings Can a genre truly exist until it is named?
Some movements are named during their time period and other musical genres are named after they are gone. We also have attempted in this book to properly categorize each band according to the genre that they most identify.
This sense of ownership has led to heavy metal fans becoming one of the most vocal groups of fans in contemporary music, at live events, in online discussions, and in virtual communities. The band Manowar was obsessed for years with the idea of what bands played true or false metal.
According to bassist Joey Demaio, a metal band can be called authentic based on what they bring to the table not only on records, but what they bring live as well. To Demaio and to the metal fan community, metal means commitment and dedication, not only to a killer live show, but to living a life that evokes metal, to feel as though one is not merely doing it for the money, but living metal as a way of life.
The Heavy Metal Audience One of the main questions to examine in studying heavy metal is not only what musicians create while playing metal but also how the audience engages with the music and what meanings they create from the music. Pierre Bourdieu in his book Distinctions argues that common sense of meanings and sometimes values are shared by audiences with what can be called cultural, or subcultural, capital.
An example of this is the painted back of a denim jacket in the late seventies and early eighties with the re-creation of the Iron Maiden Number of the Beast album cover. This would indicate to other fans not just an aesthetic approval of the contents of the album, but also a shared kinship and value system based on mutually shared taste. REX USA means not only a shared enthusiasm for the band, but also a shared allegiance to the idea of heavy metal as a subculture with shared values and meanings.
To metal fans, heavy metal is not just a genre of music to listen to; it is also akin to a way of life, one that provides a sense of belonging and meaning. Furthermore, engaging the music from the perspective of one of metals subgenres, such as black metal or death metal, is a further form of self-expression in which one indicates that taste has become a dividing line even to some others in the metal community.
Some critics make assumptions about the insular nature of the metal audience or criticize it for its apparent lack of diversity, its propensity for homophobia, or its misogyny. Unlike other genres such as dance music, there are few minority members of the metal scene, few female bands, and few openly gay members of the scene.
But to assume that this is true of all aspects of the metal scene is reductionist at best.
An example is a band such as the Who, who clearly possessed a guitarist skilled enough to be accepted by metal fans, but for some qualities, either tangible or intangible, are not considered metal by fans of heavy metal even ones who are also fans of the Who. The Blues. With its simple, yet soulful, bar form, and its own roots in African music, the blues has provided the foundation for all rock music, and, as heavy metal is in some ways merely the heaviest and most powerful of rock music, it shares those deep roots in the blues.
Beyond that basic connection, however, the earliest forms of metal owe a bit more to the blues. These British musicians, like Eric Clapton and Jeff Beck, began emulating the earlier American blues, but at higher volumes, and with increasingly distorted guitars. Clapton, with Cream, and Beck with his Jeff Beck Group, in particular, played their blues at much higher volumes, and with much greater guitar amp distortion, two key characteristics that would make their way into heavy metal.
This power chord is so named for the powerful and simple sound it produces. It also sounds particularly good when played with amp distortion since it lacks the other chord tones such as sixths, sevenths, and others that would produce more dissonance with a distorted tone. While the sound of distorted power chords may be found in numerous idioms of rock music, that sound itself is perhaps the sonic focus of heavy metal.
All of these developments, of course, set the stage for the powerful sound of heavy metal. All of which became new standard elements in heavy metal and made the group a prototype for bands of the genre. The riffs were tuned down a half-step or more from standard guitar tuning, giving them a darker, more ominous timbre. And as they did, they helped to open up new possibilities for music that would use the new heavy sounds, essentially leading the way to what we now call heavy metal.
As they and later groups like Judas Priest continued to strip out the blues elements, they brought us closer to metal.
Following some of their experiments, classically trained musicians such as keyboardists Keith Emerson and Rick Wakeman of the groups Emerson, Lake, and Palmer, and Yes, respectively, were important innovators in progressive rock, bringing much more classical ideas into rock and fusing them into the hybrid that progressive rock represents.
Robert Walser suggests that in their appropriation of classical virtuosic elements in their playing, musicians like Malmsteen and Rhoads may actually be closer to the classical tradition than we might otherwise suspect. While our contemporary experience of classical music is largely in a recorded form and studiously performed in a carefully preserved tradition, many classical composers were in fact live performers who also incorporated improvisation into their performances, a tradition that musicians like Malmsteen and Rhoads may have done more to carry on than many contemporary classical musicians who may feel more bound by more conservative classical performance traditions.
Featuring the caterwauling vocalist Udo Dirkschneider and the dual-guitar often harmonizing assault of guitarists Wolf Hoffmann and Jorge Fisher on matching Flying V guitars!
These efforts led the band closer to mainstream success but at the expense of previous diehard fans who had supported their heavier approach. Ultimately, the band took a bit of a break, with Udo releasing the solo album Animal House under the band name U.
When Udo put together his own group and released his second solo album, Mean Machine, in , the rest of Accept sought a new frontman for the group and settled on American David Reese. The subsequent album, Eat the Heat , was in a much mellower direction for Accept. After a few years of dormancy, the band members minus Jorge Fisher reunited in , releasing the album Objection Overruled. Something of a return to form for the band, the album did well in Europe but failed to generate much interest in the States, where the rise of grunge had fairly well decimated the commercial potential of most metal bands.
Thanks to the title track, and the wide radio play it received, the album got to 17 on the U. Unfortunately, it was at this fortuitous time that the hard-charging, hard-living Scott found his own limits. Devastated, the band took time to mourn and assess their situation.
Once the band decided to soldier on, however, they recruited ex-Georgie vocalist Brian Johnson. In retrospect, Johnson was a natural choice, given his raspy caterwaul and working-class demeanor.
The band stayed on a roll for the next few years.
Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal Music
However, after the recording of Flick of the Switch , drummer Phil Rudd was sacked from the band. In that they largely succeeded, and the album was in some ways a return to their rougher Scott days. Nonetheless, the album did less well than its predecessors, and the band began to experience a bit of a commercial decline, although they still sold well in the record stores and on tour.The best and most honest answer we can give you is 'as long as it takes.
Devastated, the band took time to mourn and assess their situation.
Furthermore, engaging the music from the perspective of one of metals subgenres, such as black metal or death metal, is a further form of self-expression in which one indicates that taste has become a dividing line even to some others in the metal community.
It seemsas though this term is primarily used by masculine fans of the genre, as the sexistpresumption among many members of the community is that women are attractedto less-heavy music and more to power ballads. Encyclopedia of HeavyMetal Music The first part emphasizes the scientific component of heavy metal music. Joe Cogan our resident Uriah Heep expert and Rick Ventura, our resident expert on, and ex-member of, Riot were also a huge help. Drugs were one problem, and no one inthe band seemed immune.
This power chord is so named for the powerful and simple sound it produces. You see, theres a theory that the NWOBHM was first and foremost a media phenomenon rather than an authentic musical movement, a chimera in a journalists overwrought imagination rather than a grassroots rock revolution.