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9TH CLASS ENGLISH BOOK NOTES PTB 2012

Wednesday, June 19, 2019


Class IX English Book Notes - Free download as PDF File .pdf) or read online for free. Secondary Stage English book for class IX matriculation, Sindh textbook of the East, was born in Sialkot, a town in the Punjab, on 9th November, English Notes with Urdu Translation Class 9th. Unknown August 10 Class 9th English Notes Punjab Text Book NOTES · Facebook · Twitter. Class 9 English notes according to FBISE syllabus. Contains solved exercises, review questions, grammar portion, MCQs and important board questions.


9th Class English Book Notes Ptb 2012

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These 9th Class English notes are based on the brand new syllabus () of Punjab Textbook Board (PTB). The Punjab Textbook Board is. These manuals are very expensive. If you want best solution manual for your exams then you should download Key Book Math's Class 9 (PTB). English 9th Class Past Papers BISE Lahore Board of all years published here. 9th Class students can download or view all past papers of English 9th Class.

We have an English period every day. Every one stood up when the teacher entered the class. Every one began to write. Elsa Kazi, the German wife of Allama I. Kazi, the late Vice-Chancellor of the University of Sindh. She was born at Weimar in Germany. She met Allama I. Kazi in in London and in was married to him. They came to Sindh in where she spent the rest of her life, visiting Europe now and again.

Could man be both as thou and rise Above the earth, with the sheltering arm To save the suffering ones from harm, From sorrows, poverty and vice Through sacrifice Could man be steadfast, and dike thee Face every fate, would it not be Fulfillment of life's loftiest dream My lovely Neem!.

It is at a distance of 27 kilometers from Larkana on the right bank of the river Indus. Few people live there today, but four thousand and five hundred years ago, it was a large, busy city. Nobody knew anything about it until ; when some villagers found pieces of old smooth pots and old bricks at the place, where now stands the uncovered city.

9th Class English Notes for 12 Units in PDF (For Punjab and Federal Board)

These pieces of old pots and bricks were brought to Sir John Marshall, an English civil servant, whose work it was to look after historical remains, like ancient buildings and other old things such as these pieces of pots and bricks. He was himself, very interested in history and was anxious to find out about these remains. So, when he looked at them carefully, he at once knew that they were pieces of very old pots. About the bricks he said, "Perhaps there was once a town or a city which lies under these mounds of clay and sand.

Let us dig here, may be we shall uncover the remains of an old city". So, the men started digging and as they dug, more and more such pieces came up, till there appeared bit by bit a city of straight roads, and well-built houses. You can imagine, how surprised and excited the people were, when they saw all this coming up from what they had so far taken to be only mounds of clay and sand.

Each house was made of large baked bricks and had a bathroom and servant-quarters close by. Covered drains ran beside the streets. Even the streets were made of baked bricks.

Carts and other forms of transport could come right to the centre of the town. You can still see the great hall where grain was stored. There is a wide road in the middle of which was the shopping centre with shops on both sides.

This road, continues on to the houses of the workmen. The people of this city must have been great traders, with the river Indus so near and the sea within easy reach. The country-side must have been fertile since wheat, rice and cotton grew there. The farmers also kept cattle. There were skilled craftsmen who worked in gold, silver and ivory. Clay dolls and carts were made for the children to play with.

We also have an idea of the dresses worn by the ruling class, the priests and the elders, from the seals of many kinds that have been found there. They wore long, loose dresses. Nearby is a museum, where interesting objects found from Moen-jo-Daro, are on exhibition. These include seals, jewelry, toys, weapons and painted pottery. The best find of Moen-jo-Daro is the head of a bull, which was used as a seal. A metal statue of a dancing girl has also been found.

There are metal tools too. It is because of these metal objects that the probable age of the city is being given as about four thousand five hundred years. For a long time, these people lived a happy life. They were quite rich and travelled from place to place on business or on pleasure. Their city was wellplanned and clean.

The rain water did not remain on the streets. We do not know what happened lo them later. Either they were raided from the north or some great earthquake destroyed them. No one has yet been able to determine the meaning of the words written on the seals and on the pottery. Much could be learnt if the language experts are able to decipher these words.

Learned men and visitors often come to the site. They come not only from Pakistan, but also from all over the world. Let us hope that their efforts succeed in deciphering these words. We will then know a great deal more than we do now about this dead civilization.

But there are some unfortunate people who can neither see nor hear. This world, which is so full of beautiful colours and sweet sounds, appears colourless and dull to these poor souls. What a misfortune! They cannot see the lovely flowers blooming in the gardens and hear the birds singing sweet songs. They indeed feel very sad, for their fate is so hard. Worse is the fate of those who can see and hear once and then no more. But they are so courageous and bold that they do not look unhappy.

They accept the challenge of their fate and try to live cheerfully. Among such brave and courageous persons, the name of Miss Helen Keller tops the list. Helen Keller was born in in a little town in the United States of America. Up to the age of two, she was quite a normal child. She could see and hear everything. In February , little Helen fell dangerously ill. All felt sorry for her, because she became blind and deaf. Her parents looked sad. Everybody was unhappy and the little child felt miserable.

When she was seven years old, her life suddenly changed. Helen's father asked a lady named Miss Sullivan to come and look after his blind child. Miss Sullivan had herself, become blind, when she was a child but afterwards she got her eyesight back. She thanked God for His kindness to her by helping other blind people and making them happy and content.

She started teaching Helen. One day, she took Helen to the river bank and put her hand in the water. Slowly she made her write the word 'w-a-t-e-r' on the sand. She made her do it several times and thus Helen learnt how to spell the word 'water'.

She felt very excited, because she knew that at last there would be some light in her dark world. The work was very slow and difficult, but Miss Sullivan was very kind and patient. Little by little, she taught Helen about mountains and rivers and about history and geography.

She even, taught her how to count and do sums. When she was eight, she was sent to a school for blind children. She had forgotten how to speak, but her teacher helped her.

She would put Helen's hand on her own lips and let her feel the movements of the lips at the time of speaking. Helen did many exercises like this and at last at the age of ten she was able to speak again. By and by, she learnt to read books.

These books were printed with raised points instead of letters and she read them by touching with her fingers. In this way, she was able to learn as much as other people could. She passed all her examinations easily.

She went to college and then to Harvard University. She studied at the University and graduated without difficulty. Her teachers loved and admired her. In , this wonderful lady visited Pakistan. She was seventy-six, but still very active. Pakistani people gave her a warm welcome. She came to our country to help the blind and the deaf. Always be happy and cheerful. Never curse your fate. You can do everything in this world", she said to the students of the school and admired heartily all the ladies, who were working and teaching there voluntarily with so much zeal and selfless affection.

He was horn in the beautiful Lake, District of England in the year From his early days, he was very fond of flowers, birds, lakes, rivers, rocks and trees. He used to spend much time enjoying their beauty. He used to take long tours on foot and visit the beautiful natural scenes which he laved so much. He started a new kind of poetry written in simple words about natural objects and simple country people.

He died in Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the milky way, They stretched in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay: Ten thousand saw I at a glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance The waves beside them danced; but they Outdid the sparkling waves in glee: A poet could not but be gay, In such a jocund company! I gazed - and gazed - but little thought What wealth the show to me had brought: For oft when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils.

William Wordsworth Notes The daffodil is a lovely flower, growing wild and in gardens, which comes into flower in the early spring. It has a thin green stalk, usually more than a foot in height, and a single, large bell-shaped flower surrounded by large pointed petals of the same yellow colour. This may be any shade of yellow, from pale yellow to golden. Daffodils grow in groups, often under or near trees. While the single flower is lovely, a large group of daffodils is one of the most beautiful sights of the English countryside.

He received his early education in his home town. In , he went to Government College, Lahore. He passed his M. He held this job till In that year, he left for England for higher studies. In London he received a law degree. In , he was awarded a degree of Ph. That is why, he is also known as Dr. Mohammad Iqbal. Allama Iqbal is generally known as a great poet. He was no doubt a great poet, but poetry was only one of his many accomplishments. He was well-versed in philosophy, both Eastern and Western.

He pointed out the defects in some of the philosophical systems of the West. He devoted a great part of his life to the study of Islam. He also took an active part in politics. He worked for the Muslims of South Asia with great courage. He was elected a member of the Punjab Legislative Council in and held that office till He did not seek re-election.

It was on this historic occasion that he made a definite demand for a separate Muslim State in South Asia. In his presidential address Dr. Iqbal said, "India is a continent of human groups belonging to different races, speaking different languages and believing in different religions. Their behavior is not governed by a common race feeling.

These groups are all separate nations. The principle of European democracy cannot be applied to India without recognizing the fact of different groups. The Muslim demand to create a Muslim India within India is in no way without justice. The Muslims are anxious to have a separate state, because they fear the Hindu majority which, they believe, will not allow Muslims to develop freely.

They both opposed it. This was the first time that a demand was made for a separate Indian Muslim State. Iqbal did not stop at this. All his efforts were now directed towards the achievement of this goal. In May Dr. In this letter, he discussed in detail the problems of the Indian Muslims.

He once again, advised that only the creation of a separate Muslim State could solve these problems and said to the Quaid, "Don't you think that the time for such a demand has already arrived? They turned over a new leaf.

Now they all wanted a separate Muslim State. The Muslim League representing the whole of Muslin India, met in Lahore and passed a resolution on 23 March, , demanding a separate state for the Muslims of India. This resolution is now known as the 'Pakistan Resolution'. From this time onward the Muslims never looked back. They put their heart and soul into the struggle for Pakistan'.

They succeeded in their struggle. On 14 August, , Pakistan appeared on the map of the world. Iqbal died in , and could not see the actual creation of Pakistan, but he had played a major part in its creation. Quaid-i-Azam praised Iqbal's role in a message on his death: He strongly believed that in a united India where the Hindu majority would rule the country, the Muslims could not develop freely He had a great love for Islam, and was completely devoted to it.

Both his prose and poetry reflect this devotion. He always advised Muslims to remain true to their faith.

In his Allahabad address he said: At difficult moments in their history, it is Islam that has saved Muslims and not Muslims that have saved Islam. If today you put your faith in Islam, you will become strong and united once again and save yourselves from complete destruction". Before this the British ruled South Asia. After about one hundred years of the British rule, both the Hindus and the Muslims of India realized that they must recover their independence and do away with the rule of the British.

In the beginning, both the Hindus and the Muslims worked together to drive the British from India. Together they formed a political party called the Indian National Congress, But soon the Muslims realized that the Hindus who were in majority in the Congress as well as in the country, would never give equal treatment to the Muslims and would not share the fruits of independence with them. So they formed their own political party, and called it the All-India Muslim League.

Many Muslim leaders, who had earlier joined the Congress party now left it and became members of the Muslim League. In , Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah became its President The Muslims being united on a common platform, under his able guidance and leadership, now started their struggle for an independent Muslim State to be called Pakistan.

It was very difficult to make the British realize that they had to consider the demands of the Muslims before they decided to give independence to India. A long and hard struggle followed. Not only did the men take part, but women also actively participated in this glorious struggle.

At that time, our women were in strict purdah. They were less educated and less politically aware than the Hindu women. But, there were a number of brave and selfless women who inspite of these hindrances, came forward and worked for this noble cause side by side with men.

They formed, the women's branch of the Muslim League to organise women and inform them about the politics of the country. They travelled to the countryside to tell the women there, what they should do. They organised public meetings for women and addressed large gatherings. They also took part in public meetings organised by men and made speeches before large audiences.

They met wives and daughters of the British officers including those of the Viceroys and made them realise that their demand was just. They opened classes in their own homes to educate Muslim girls. Sometimes, the police would use tear-gas and would lathi-charge the women's meetings and even arrest their leaders. They encouraged their brothers, husbands and sons not to give up the struggle until their goal was achieved.

Among such selfless and courageous women the name of aged Abadi Begum, popularly known as 'Bi Aman' leads the rest 'Bi Aman' was the mother of Moulana Mohammad Ali and Moulana Shaukat Ali, two brave and noble brothers who devoted their lives to the cause of Muslims. When in this struggle the two brothers were arrested, brought to trial and imprisoned for two years, she sent a word to them not to give up their cause and not to ask for pardon, which was the condition of their release.

Her greatness lies in the fact that she had taught her sons to be willing to sacrifice their lives in the cause of Muslim independence and later encouraged them to accomplish their goal. Another lady worthy of our admiration is Begum Mohammad Ali.

Dressed in a burqah she not only attended men's public meetings but was also the first Muslim woman to address them. She spoke in simple words and in a natural tone but very effectively. She also wrote for the Press.

Her opinions were highly respected and the Quaid-i-Azam held her in great esteem.

When she was to address women's meetings, large crowds would gather to hear her. Men and women honoured her alike. She helped her brother in the struggle for the establishment of Pakistan.

It was through her that the Muslim women were able to seek the Quaid-i-Azam's guidance and to have interviews with him. Being more politically informed, she passed on her information to other women. In addition to all this, she looked after her illustrious brother. Begum Ra'ana Liaquat Ali worked as an honorary secretary and typist to Liaquat Ali Khan her husband at a time, when the Muslim League could not afford the salary of a secretary.

She arranged parties, where Muslim women could meet the wife and the daughter of the Viceroy, so as to explain to them their side of the matter and express their protest. She also organised the Women's Voluntary Service and later the Women's National Guards, consisting of three battalions with girls, in which, she herself held the rank of Brigadier. Lady Haroon was a spirited woman of upright character and a kind hostess.

Her house in Karachi became the centre of women's political activities and it was a place of welcome to the Muslim League workers when they came to Karachi to attend meetings. Classes were also held in her house to educate Muslim girls, Lady Hidayatullah travelled throughout Sindh holding women's public meetings.

The first public meeting of women in Sindh was held in Karachi's Zoological Garden. These three ladies led the anti-British processions. She also travelled widely and explained to the people of other countries, why the Muslims in India wanted a separate State.

He was born in and died in He was a Professor at the Harvard University, which is considered to be one of the best American universities. He was very interested in the culture of other countries and had travelled widely. His poems deal with not only the American scene but also much of what he saw during his travels. For I hear you at your play, And the questions that perplexed me. Have vanished quite away.

Ye open the easten windows, That look towards the sun, Where thoughts are singing swallows And the brooks of morning run. In your hearts are the birds and the sunshine, In your thoughts the brooklet's flow, But in my mind is the wind of Autumn And the first fall of the snow. We should dread the desert behind us Worse than the dark before. What the leaves are to the forest, With light and air for food, Ere their sweet and tender juices Have been hardened into wood. That to the world are children; Through them it feels the glow Of a brighter and sunnier climate That reaches the trunk below.

Come to me, O ye children! And whisper in my ear What the birds and winds are singing In your sunny atmosphere. For what are all our contrivings, And the wisdom of our books, When compared with your caresses, And the gladnesss of your looks?

Ye are better than all the ballads That ever were sung or said; For ye are living poems, And all the rest are dead. Notes This poem has 9 stanzas. A stanza in a poem is what a paragraph is in your lesson. Each stanza has 4 lines. In each stanza, the last word of the second line produces the same sound as the last word of the fourth line.

For example, play, away, sun, run, flow, snow. But the last word of the first line and last word of the third line do not produce the same sound in all the stanzas, though in some it does. See in other stanzas also what the last word of second and the fourth line is. As a young boy, he was educated at Karachi.

When, he was sixteen years old, he passed his matriculation examination and was sent to England for higher studies. On his return to India he started his practice, as a lawyer first in Karachi, and then in Bombay. He showed, great efficiency in his work.

It was his determination and wise leadership, which freed the Muslims from the double yoke of British rule and Hindu domination.

He loved his country and his country-men dearly. He joined the Indian National Congress but soon left it and joined, the Muslim League, to champion, the cause of the Muslims. Then, he started a long and hard campaign to get a separate homeland for the Muslims.

It was in that he succeeded and became the first Governor General of the newly-created State. He worked day and night for the progress and improvement of Pakistan. It was unfortunate indeed that only twelve months after the creation of Pakistan, the Quaid-i-Azam died on 11th September He will always be remembered, as the founder of Pakistan. Although he left us after such a short time, his speeches are there to guide us. If we follow the directions given in them, we will be able to serve our dear Pakistan in the best way.

The Quaid-i-Azam firmly believed, that one day the Muslims, would achieve their desired goal. Three years, before the creation of Pakistan, on 8th March , speaking at a lunch given by Dr.

Ziauddin Ahmed, Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh University, he said, "You can get Pakistan not by asking, not by begging, not even by mere prayers but by working with trust in God.

Insha-Allah Pakistan will be yours. He believed that religion or caste do not separate one Pakistani from another. Soon after, he became the Governor General of the newly created State, he told the happy people, "You are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste Speaking at the fourth session of the Gujrat Educational Conference held on 14th January , he said that education was a matter of life and death to our nation.

In his message, to the All Pakistan Educational Conference held in Karachi on 27th November , he said, "Education does not merely mean academic education and even that of a very poor type. What we have to do is to mobilize our people and build up the character of our future generations". Several times, the Quaid-i-Azam reminded his people that Pakistan can only prosper and grow stronger if the people served it with honesty and selfless devotion.

On 14 August , at the First Annual Celebration of Pakistan he said, "Establishment of Pakistan is a fact to which there is no parallel in the history of the world. It is destined to play a magnificent part year after year, as we go on, provided we serve honestly, earnestly and selflessly.

As he was very fond off sweets, he asked his mother if he might buy some. No, no, Kashif. You shouldn't buy any sweets from this shop. See, flies ale sitting on them. If you eat those sweets you will fall ill. All right, Mother, let's walk across the road. Look, here is another shop. Shall we buy some from here? Yes, it's a clean one.

There are no flies. Oh, no. I have just seen a man sweeping the road by the shop. There is a lot of dust. You oughtn't eat anything if there is dust on it. Flies and dust carry hundreds of germs and they are enemies of our health.

Please Mother, tell me more about these germs. Listen very carefully. These germs are the smallest living things. They cannot be seen with the naked eye. You only see them through a microscope. How do the flies carry them? You have seen flies sitting on dirty things. There are germs on these things and they stick to the flies' legs. When the flies sit and walk on our food the germs stick into it. And when we eat that food the germs get into our bodies and make us ill. Oh, I see! So, we should never eat such sweets and food that are not properly covered.

Dust also carries germs. We can't see them, but the air is full of them. So,you must remember not to eat food if flies have been sitting on it or if there is dust on it. Right I won't buy anything from these shops where things are not properly covered.

A great many diseases are caused by these germs. For instance, the germs of typhoid and several other diseases are carried by flies. But, Mother; I have read in my book that malaria is caused by a kind of mosquito and not by flies.

You are right. One can get malaria from a mosquito bite. Where do the mosquitoes live? They live in stagnant water. Some people use kerosene oil and D. If everybody in Pakistan takes part in the fight against mosquitoes, we will soon get rid of malaria.

Yes, my son, I think so too. We should try to keep ourselves healthy as "Health is Wealth". If we are not healthy, we won't be able to work hard, study and learn. He was born in San Francisco, California, on 26 March He died on 29 January, in Boston, following a cancer operation.

Frost used in his poetry, the language of everyday life and depicted scenes from the common man's experiences and from country life. He received many honours for his poetry. He fought against the enemy for six days and nights without rest, and laid down his life in the defence of his country.

For this act of valour, he was awarded the Nishan-e-Haider, the highest military award of Pakistan. He thus received his early education in Hongkong. He joined, the 6th Punjab Regiment as a commissioned officer, where he proved to be a very good military officer.

On the morning of 6 September, , he received orders to proceed to the front at once. The Indians were fully equipped with guns and tanks. Major Aziz Bhatti was fired with the true patriotic spirit of a disciplined soldier. With his small company he not only stopped the Indian advance but also pushed them back. On 11 September, he was reorganizing his company and directing the gunners to shell the enemy positions.

In order to watch every move of the enemy, he had to place himself in an elevated position, where he was exposed to enemy fire. He performed his duty bravely. His soldiers asked him to come down but he refused. This brave son of Pakistan wanted to save not himself but his country. A shell from an enemy tank struck him on his right shoulder and our brave hero fell. A day before his martyrdom, the commanding officer had sent him word that since he had been fighting untiringly for the last six days, he should take a little rest and that another officer was being sent to replace him.

Major Aziz, who was filled with the spirit of Jehad replied, "Do not recall me. I don't want to go back. I will shed the last drop of my blood in the defence of my dear homeland".

These words will ever inspire the youth of Pakistan with confidence and courage. NURSING Nursing means taking care of and looking after the sick, the injured, the young, the old or the helpless, with love and sympathy. Yet it is easy to understand that it must be as old as man's feeling for his suffering fellow men.

For only sympathy and love could move one human being to feel sorry for someone in distress, to look after him in sickness and try to do something for him and to restore him to health. Islam regards nursing very important. Our Holy Prophet peace be upon him visited the sick regularly, comforted them and spoke kind words to them.

He would go, even to inquire after his ailing enemies. He urged the Muslims to help those who were sick or suffering. On the battlefield, all Muslim soldiers were always very kind to the sick, old and the injured. They never killed their wounded enemies. Muslim ladies were very active on the battlefield giving water to the soldiers and tending the wounded and the sick. When the battle was won, the Holy Prophet presented a necklace to her.

In due course, the Holy Prophet established a hospital in Medina and placed it in the charge of a very competent nurse, Hazrat Rufaida by name. Among those who helped in looking after and nursing the patients in this hospital were Hazrat Fatima, the youngest and the dearest daughter of the Holy Prophet and Hazrat Asma, the daughter of Hazrat Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him.

Nursing was not at all popular in the beginning. Parents did not allow their daughters to become nurses. This can perhaps be best shown in the story of the girl, who in , became the founder of modern nursing and one of the greatest women in history.

Her name was Florence Nightingale. Florence Nightingale was born in the town of Florence in Italy in Her parents were wealthy and cultured English people, and expected her to marry into a noble family. But, she had other ideas. At seventeen, she felt that the aim of her life was to serve suffering humanity. When she was twenty-four she decided that she should become a nurse.

Her family was shocked to learn this. Everybody opposed her. But she would not give in.

English Notes for 9th Class for FBISE Islamabad & Punjab Boards

At last, after seven years of struggle, she was allowed to go for training at the Kaiserswerth Institution of Nursing in Germany.

In , she was given the management of a small hospital for sick women in London. In , when there was a war between England and Russia, the British Government asked her to go to the Crimea to manage the military hospitals there. She played a great role in the Crimean war. The nation thankfully offered her a purse of 45, With this money she founded an institution for training nurses in London.

At present, there are many training institutes for nurses in our country. A large number of Pakistani girls from good families, after being trained in these institutes, are working in hospitals, clinics and nursing homes. He was born in He is famous chiefly for his songs, some of which were very popular even in his lifetime.

There dwelt a miller hale and bold, Beside the river Dee; He worked and sang from morn to night, No lark more blithe than he, And this the burden of his song For ever used to be, "I envy nobody, no, not I, And nobody envies me! Thy mealy cap is worth my crown, Thy mill my kingdom's fee; Such men as thou are England's boast. O'miller of the Dee".

Charles Mackay. Thousands of years ago, men lived in caves like animals. Each one of them lived by himself and for himself. They hunted for their food and lived hard lives.

We now call them savages. They learnt to live a safer and better life together. At first, they began to live in families and then in tribes. Later, they settled along the banks of rivers where, in time, grew towns, large and small. Life became safer and easier. Some men began farming the land. Some became weavers, some masons, some cobblers and some soldiers.

They all worked for one another. As societies grew larger and as men became more civilized, many more professions and occupations developed. Laws were made to make life safer and happier.

Today we have doctors, teachers, engineers, artists, writers, policemen and a host of other workers, who all do something for their fellow-men. If we just think for a few minutes, how many things and services we use in one day, we shall realize how much we owe to society. The milkman brings milk for us and keeps cattle for the benefit of us all; the baker bakes the bread; the printer prints our books; the driver drives the bus in which we go to school or our place of work; and the workers and engineers run the mill which weaves the cloth we wear.

The teacher teaches the pupils at school, the doctor treats the sick and the shopkeeper sells articles of daily use. Public parks are maintained for the benefit of citizens. The traffic police regulates the traffic so that we may travel without any fear of accident. We just turn on the tap and fresh water flows out. We press a switch and light comes on. The cleaning of the streets and the removal of filth and garbage are possible, only in an organized society.

The telegraph, the telephone and the trains are all benefits of collective efforts. Then, the radio and the T. We must repay society for all these gifts. If a milkman mixes water in the milk, how can he expect other members of society to treat him fairly? If a shopkeeper gives short measure or sells sub-standard goods, he must be prepared to get the same kind of treatment form others.

If we ignore traffic rules, we not only endanger the lives of others but our own as well. It is also the duty of every citizen to understand the problems facing his country.

He must co-operate with the Government in solving them. Problems facing Pakistan are poverty, illiteracy and population growth. For the establishment of a better society, these problems have to be solved through proper education and hard work. The Government of Pakistan has started many programmes to solve these problems.

These are, for example, programmes for rural development, literacy and adult education, health, sanitation and social welfare, and population planning. Education centres, family and social welfare and population planning centres have been set up throughout the country Many benefits we enjoy are provided by our own country and society. It is, therefore, our duty to be loyal and patriotic to Pakistan. We should pay our taxes promptly, fully and honestly, so that we may continue to enjoy all social benefits.

Islam lays great stress on our duties as citizens. The Holy Prophet peace be upon him once said, "God lays so much stress on the rights of our neighbours. In short, we cannot be good Muslims without being good and dutiful citizens. My dear Nomi, Many thanks for your kind letter which I received sometime back. I'm sorry that I couldn't write to you earlier. I assure you that I will not take so long to reply in future.

The reason for the delay was that I went to my uncle's village during the summer holidays. I had never been there and I wanted very much to see something of village life. Fortunately the day before my holidays began, my eldest uncle came to Karachi and I was able to return with him to his village. In this letter, I will tell you all that 1 have seen. I hope you will enjoy it, as you were born and brought up in Canada. Well, the villagers are very simple and straightforward people.

They lead a simple, happy and contented life in their own way, which is quite unlike our modern city life. Their houses are different from those in big cities. They are mud-plastered, except for a few that are made of red brick. Most of the lanes and streets are narrow and dusty. Usually the villagers go about on foot. They don't use motorcars and taxis or even buses for short distances.

That is why they are healthy and strong. The markets in villages are not the same as in Karachi or Toronto. In the village, shops are few and scattered. The carpenter and the blacksmith are the two workmen, who are needed most in the village. They make and repair the farmers' tools and do other odd jobs. Two other important persons in the village are the primary school-teacher, who also acts as the postmaster of the village, and the 'Imam' of the mosque.

The 'Imam' exercises a great influence on the villagers, who look up to him for moral and religious guidance and for the treatment of minor ailments and common diseases of their children.

He also runs a 'Maktab', where he teaches the Holy Quran to young children, for which he does not charge any fee but accepts small presents like milk, butter or ghee from the parents of the children as a token of love and affection. There is a meeting place in every village known as 'Otaq'.

The villagers meet there in the evening or in their leisure hours, talk about the weather, the crops and village affairs and enjoy the folk songs, sung to the tune of the Ghaghar and the Tamboora. Just as "otaq", is the meeting place for men, the village well is the meeting place for women. The village people generally awake at dawn.

They are not late sleepers like city people. Men go to say their prayers in the mosque, while women say theirs at home. Men milk the cows and buffaloes and women churn milk to make butter and lassi.

Lassi is their main drink. Nowadays, tea also appears to have found its way into the homes of some of the villagers. In brief science is the knowledge based on experiments and observations. This section will really be helpful for the students of the class 8th. If you have problem in your any of subject then you can easily Download from there every subject Notes easily or you can also Read online all of the books In PDF File Notes. Math online test gives an idea and awareness to student how the final exam is.

Unit 8. Hope we helped you when you were looking for class 10 Science notes. C omputer S cience. Urdu Book of 8th Class. If you want 8th Class Notes then you can download here all subjects of 8th Class Test notes in Soft copy. You should attempt this online Text Book, Model Papers and get higher marks and Grades because it is very helpful for you. Teach Learn Web provides SSC class 8 science school syllabus, online study material, e learning videos, class notes, online tutorials, worksheets, online tests and more.

The students can download the notes on different subjects for free. General Science Book of 8th Class.

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We have made easy for you to access notes. The Notes are designed in such a way that you people will definitely score very good percentage in your Exams. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Class 8 SmartSchool Education Pvt.

Free download 8th class Mathematics book in English medium Punjab Curriculum and Textbook board lahore new version for and upto so on. For understanding of these principles, the experiments are done and observations are made; on the basis of which logical conclusions are drawn.

English Book of 8th Class. We have included notes of all subjects of all boards for students of 9th class. All the best for better learning of your Science concepts. Saweel ur Raheem January 10, pm 0. FScOnline also provides feature to perform online test from which student can prepare for exams and other related test.

Dar and Prof. If you are looking for the guess paper of class 8th science subject then you are at right page because here we have shared the 8th Class Science Important Questions - Guess paper.

English Book for Class 9-10

Complete list of 8th class academic books. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 4 titled Materials Metals and Non — Metals From of Science taught in class 8. Master the basics of mathematics with our exclusive postal course- maths made simple! Notes are divided into portions of MCQs, diagrams, short and longs questions which fit into the format of board exam.

Return to Grade Level Help. Click below on the download button to download 8th class mathematics English medium text book We will keep adding updated notes, past papers, guess papers and other materials with time. If you like class 10 and cbse class 10 material. Class 10 Maths Notes are free and will always remain free.

Science multiple choice questions MCQs , grade 8 science quiz answers for online science learning. They will help in future to editing the program A complete solution key book for 9th class mathematics. Class 9 English Notes are free and will always remain free.

Through this Science model paper the students can get the idea that how and what type of question will appear in the Science exam. Math Book of 8th Class. These 9th Class physics notes are according to the new syllabus of Punjab Textbook Board. The way the topics are covered form an important impression of the subject on the mind of the students. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed.

This series of lecture is about class 9th maths book exercise 8. We will also introduce a mobile app for viewing all the notes on mobile. Grade 8 science quiz questions on rock cycle, light, micro organisms and diseases, ecology, rocks and weathering with answers. This series of lecture is about class 10th maths book exercise 2.

NCERT science solutions for Class 8 is framed by expert science teachers to help students in their class 8 exam preparation and to clear the doubts instantly. We are very thankful to him for providing these notes.What was the colour of the medicine? In the 10th year of Hijra the Prophet P.

The young men were kindled by such words and they were ready to die with him. They both opposed it. They will loose nothing but their chains. In every part of our country, there are shrines of such saints. If one man came out with one suggestion, another would suggest something totally different. Give three reasons in sport of your favorite TV program.

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