Lifestyle Diabetes Information Pdf


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National Diabetes Information. Clearinghouse . You can learn how to take care of your diabetes and prevent some of the serious problems diabetes can cause. It also explains how Diabetes UK can give you up-to-date information and If there is no insulin present in the body, as in Type 1 diabetes, then there is no. Diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process food for More information is available by calling toll free CDC-DIAB ().

Diabetes Information Pdf

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Diabetes and Prediabetes Fact Sheet · Diabetes Infographics · Diabetes Myths [ PDF - K]. In people without diabetes, glucose stays in a healthy range because. Normal Blood Glucose Control. Insulin is released at the right times and in the right. all their contact information.) Your family and friends are important members of your team, too. But remember: you are the captain of this team. Living. HeaLtHy.

Engaging in at least 30 minutes exercise a day on at least 5 days of the week, such as of walking, aerobics, riding a bike, or swimming. Recognizing signs of low blood sugar when exercising, including dizziness, confusion, weakness, and profuse sweating.

People can also take steps to reduce their body mass index BMI , which can help some people with type 2 diabetes manage the condition without medication. Slow, steady weight loss goals are more likely to help a person retain long-term benefits. Using insulin People with type I diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes may need to inject or inhale insulin to keep their blood sugar levels from becoming too high. Various types of insulin are available, and most are grouped by how long their effect lasts.

There are rapid, regular, intermediate, and long-acting insulins. Some people will use a long-acting insulin injection to maintain consistently low blood sugar levels. Some people may use short-acting insulin or a combination of insulin types. Whatever the type, a person will usually check their blood glucose levels using a fingerstick.

This method of checking blood sugar levels involves using a special, portable machine called a glucometer. A person with type I diabetes will then use the reading of their blood sugar level to determine how much insulin they need. Self-monitoring is the only way a person can find out their blood sugar levels. Assuming the level from any physical symptoms that occur may be dangerous unless a person suspects extremely low glucose and thinks they need a rapid dose of glucose.

The discovery of insulin was fascinating and controversial.

Click here to learn more. How much is too much?

Insulin helps people with diabetes live an active lifestyle. However, it can lead to serious side effects, especially if a person administers too much. Excessive insulin can cause hypoglycemia , or extremely low blood sugar, and lead to nausea, sweating, and shaking. It is essential that people measure insulin carefully and eat a consistent diet that balances blood sugar levels as much as possible.

Other medications In addition to insulin, other types of medication are available that can help a person to manage their condition. Metformin For type 2 diabetes, a doctor may prescribe metformin in pill or liquid form. It contributes to: lowering blood sugar making insulin more effective It can also help in weight loss. Having a healthy weight can reduce the impact of diabetes.

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As well as diabetes, a person may also have other health risks, and they may need medication to control these. A doctor will advise the individual about their needs. SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists In , new guidelines also recommended prescribing additional drugs for people with: atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease chronic kidney disease These are sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 SGLT2 inhibitors or glucagon-like peptide-1 GLP-1 receptor agonists.

For those with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and a high risk of heart failure , the guidelines advise doctors to prescribe an SGLT2 inhibitor. GLP-1 receptor agonists work by increasing the amount of insulin the body produces and decreasing the amount of glucose that enters the bloodstream.

It is an injectable drug. People may use it with metformin or alone.

Diabetes Types

Side effects include gastrointestinal problems, such as nausea and a loss of appetite. SLGT2 inhibitors are a new type of drug for lowering blood glucose levels. They work separately from insulin, and they may be useful for people who are not ready to start using insulin. People can take it by mouth. Side effects include a higher risk of urinary and genital infections and ketoacidosis.


Learn more about other medications and treatments for managing diabetes by clicking here. Self-monitoring tips Self-monitoring blood sugar levels is vital for effective diabetes management , helping to regulate meal scheduling, physical activity, and when to take medication, including insulin.

While self-monitoring blood glucose SMBG machines vary, they will generally include a meter and test strip for generating readings and a lancing device to prick the skin for obtaining a small quantity of blood.

Having prediabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems.

It can damage your eyes , kidneys , and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease , stroke and even the need to remove a limb.

Pregnant women can also get diabetes, called gestational diabetes. Blood tests can show if you have diabetes. One type of test, the A1C , can also check on how you are managing your diabetes. Exercise, weight control and sticking to your meal plan can help control your diabetes. You should also monitor your blood glucose level and take medicine if prescribed. You Are Here: Diabetes Also called: Diabetes mellitus, DM. See, Play and Learn Videos and Tutorials.

Resources Reference Desk Find an Expert. The following are reproducible patient education handouts available in PDF format. These handouts may be reproduced for educational purposes only through the expiration date with credit granted to DCE. Reproduction for sales purposes is not authorized. Please check the DCE website or contact the DCE publications chair for the status of these educational handouts after the expiration date.


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It can sometimes be caught early with a routine blood test before a person develops symptoms. Management may include dietary changes, blood glucose monitoring, and in some cases, insulin may be required [52] Though it may be transient, untreated GDM can damage the health of the fetus or mother.

When the amount of insulin in the blood stream is too low, extremely high blood sugar levels can lead to dangerous complications.

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They include medications that:. Please check the DCE website or contact the DCE publications chair for the status of these educational handouts after the expiration date.

People can also take steps to reduce their body mass index BMI , which can help some people with type 2 diabetes manage the condition without medication.

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