VBA EXCEL TUTORIAL PDF
VBA. This tutorial will provide enough understanding on VBA from where you can take with this tutorial, you should install MS Office, particularly MS-Excel. Among VBA, Excel VBA is the most popular one and the reason for using VBA is that we can build very Tutorials point/user2. What is a Message Box?. Getting started with Excel VBA, Arrays, Conditional statements, Ranges and Cells , Named Ranges, Merged Cells / Ranges, Locating duplicate values in a range.
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Excel® VBA Programming For Dummies®, 3rd Edition. Published . Part I: Getting Started with Excel VBA Programming 9 . Chapter UserForm Basics. Workshop Resources myavr.info~gz/myavr.info Lesson materials: Learning Slides[.pdf]. Exercises - Blank [.xlsx]. Exercises - Filled. Supercharge your productivity with these useful macro codes. Don't Forget to download this free PDF checklist where I've added all these codes (+ two learning something from the website but couldn't save the PDF file. can you please.
Changing a property changes some quality of appearance or behavior of the object. Calling one of the object methods causes the object to perform some action. The VBA code in this article runs against an open Office application where many of the objects that the code manipulates are already up and running; for example, the Application itself, the Worksheet in Excel, the Document in Word, the Presentation in PowerPoint, the Explorer and Folder objects in Outlook.
Once you know the basic layout of the object model and some key properties of the Application that give access to its current state, you can start to extend and manipulate that Office application with VBA in Office. Methods In Word, for example, you can change the properties and invoke the methods of the current Word document by using the ActiveDocument property of the Application object.
This ActiveDocument property returns a reference to the Document object that is currently active in the Word application. You instruct a Document object to Save and it does not require any more input from you. If a method requires more information, those details are called parameters. The following code runs the SaveAs method, which requires a new name for the file. SaveAs "New Document Name. Here, the new name for the file is a parameter for the SaveAs method. Properties You use the same syntax to set a property that you use to read a property.
The following code executes a method to select cell A1 in Excel and then to set a property to put something in that cell. Range "A1". Select Application. The object models are similar in all Office applications, but each is specific to the kind of documents and objects that it manipulates.
In the first line of the code snippet, there is the Application object, Excel this time, and then the ActiveSheet, which provides access to the active worksheet. After that is a term not as familiar, Range, which means "define a range of cells in this way. In other words, the first line of code defines an object, the Range, and runs a method against it to select it.
Getting started with VBA in Office
The result is automatically stored in another property of the Application called Selection. The second line of code sets the Value property of Selection to the text "Hello World", and that value appears in cell A1. The simplest VBA code that you write might simply gain access to objects in the Office application that you are working with and set properties.
For example, you could get access to the rows in a table in Word and change their formatting in your VBA script. That sounds simple, but it can be incredibly useful; once you can write that code, you can harness all of the power of programming to make those same changes in several tables or documents, or make them according to some logic or condition.
For a computer, making changes is no different from making 10, so there is an economy of scale here with larger documents and problems, and that is where VBA can really shine and save you time. Macros and the Visual Basic Editor Now that you know something about how Office applications expose their object models, you are probably eager to try calling object methods, setting object properties, and responding to object events.
To do so, you must write your code in a place and in a way that Office can understand; typically, by using the Visual Basic Editor.
Although it is installed by default, many users do not know that it is even available until it is enabled on the ribbon. All Office applications use the ribbon. One tab on the ribbon is the Developer tab, where you access the Visual Basic Editor and other developer tools. Because Office does not display the Developer tab by default, you must enable it by using the following procedure: To enable the Developer tab On the File tab, choose Options to open the Options dialog box.
Choose Customize Ribbon on the left side of the dialog box. Under Choose commands from on the left side of the dialog box, select Popular Commands. Under Customize the Ribbon on the right side of the dialog box, select Main Tabs in the drop down list box, and then select the Developer checkbox.
How to Run the Macro
Choose OK. Note In Office , you displayed the Developer tab by choosing the Office button, choosing Options, and then selecting the Show Developer tab in Ribbon check box in the Popular category of the Options dialog box. After you enable the Developer tab, it is easy to find the Visual Basic and Macros buttons. Figure 1. Buttons on the Developer tab Security issues To protect Office users against viruses and dangerous macro code, you cannot save macro code in a standard Office document that uses a standard file extension.
Instead, you must save the code in a file with a special extension. For example you cannot save macros in a standard Word document with a. When you open a. Examine the settings and options in the Trust Center on all Office applications. The default setting disables macro from running, but warns you that macros have been disabled and gives you the option to turn them back on for that document.
How to Write Macros in Excel: Step by Step Tutorial
You can designate specific folders where macros can run by creating Trusted Locations, Trusted Documents, or Trusted Publishers. The most portable option is to use Trusted Publishers, which works with digitally signed documents that you distribute. For more information about the security settings in a particular Office application, open the Options dialog box, choose Trust Center, and then choose Trust Center Settings.
Note Some Office applications, like Outlook, save macros by default in a master template on your local computer.
How to Write Macros in Excel: Step by Step Tutorial
Although that strategy reduces the local security issues on your own computer when you run your own macros, it requires a deployment strategy if you want to distribute your macro. Recording a macro When you choose the Macro button on the Developer tab, it opens the Macros dialog box, which gives you access to VBA subroutines or macros that you can access from a particular document or application.
Another button on the Developer tab in Word and Excel is the Record Macro button, which automatically generates VBA code that can reproduce the actions that you perform in the application. Record Macro is a terrific tool that you can use to learn more about VBA. Reading the generated code can give you insight into VBA and provide a stable bridge between your knowledge of Office as a user and your knowledge as a programmer.
The only caveat is that the generated code can be confusing because the Macro editor must make some assumptions about your intentions, and those assumptions are not necessarily accurate.
To record a macro Open Excel to a new Workbook and choose the Developer tab in the ribbon. Choose Record Macro and accept all of the default settings in the Record Macro dialog box, including Macro1 as the name of the macro and This Workbook as the location.
Choose OK to begin recording the macro.
Note how the button text changes to Stop Recording. Choose that button the instant you complete the actions that you want to record. Choose cell B1 and type the programmer's classic first string: Hello World. Stop typing and look at the Stop Recording button; it is grayed out because Excel is waiting for you to finish typing the value in the cell.
Choose cell B2 to complete the action in cell B1, and then choose Stop Recording. Figure 2. Macro code in Visual Basic Editor Looking at the code The macro that you created should look similar to the following code. Select ActiveCell. Select End Sub Be aware of the similarities to the earlier code snippet that selected text in cell A1, and the differences. In this code, cell B1 is selected, and then the string "Hello World" is applied to the cell that has been made active.
The quotes around the text specify a string value as opposed to a numeric value. Remember how you chose cell B2 to display the Stop Recording button again?
That action shows up as a line of code as well.
The macro recorder records every keystroke. The lines of code that start with an apostrophe and colored green by the editor are comments that explain the code or remind you and other programmers the purpose of the code. VBA ignores any line, or portion of a line, that begins with a single quote. Writing clear and appropriate comments in your code is an important topic, but that discussion is out of the scope of this article.
Subsequent references to this code in the article do not include those four comment lines.
How to use a Macro Code in Excel
When the macro recorder generates the code, it uses a complex algorithm to determine the methods and the properties that you intended. In the format string shown below, a backslash is entered before the underscore, to indicate it is a literal character. Otherwise, Excel would interpret the underscore as the spacing character that is used in Excel number formatting. If the active workbook has been saved, its path is used. If the active workbook has not been saved, Excel's default save folder is used.
The folder is filtered, to show only the PDF files that it contains. You can also select another folder --just browse to a different location. Then, click the Save button, or click Cancel, if you change your mind.
If you click Cancel, the value of myFile is "False", and nothing more happens -- the macro ends. If you click Save, the PDF file is created. You can import the data into Excel and format. The following day you will be required to perform the same ritual.
It will soon become boring and tedious. Macros solve such problems by automating such routine tasks. You can use a macro to record the steps of Importing the data Formatting it to meet your business reporting requirements. What is VBA in a layman's language? It is a programming language that Excel uses to record your steps as you perform routine tasks.
You do not need to be a programmer or a very technical person to enjoy the benefits of macros in Excel. Excel has features that automatically generated the source code for you. Read the article on Vba for more details.Activate MyResults.
If you are not sure about how many named ranges you have in your worksheet then you can use this code to highlight all of them.
My advice is same to you. I had a plan to make a course on Excel VBA. Highlight Named Ranges.
AddDataField ActiveSheet. You will get an input box to enter chart title. Protect "mypassword", True, True End Sub. Enable the developer option as shown below and pin it into your main ribbon in Excel. Name Then ws.