UNIFORM BUILDING BY LAW MALAYSIA PDF
Uniform Building by Laws - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), LAWS OF MALAYSIA ACT UNIFORM BUILDING BY-LAWS CONTENTS. Malaysia Uniform Building by myavr.info - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Uniform Building By-Laws Special permission to commence building operations Notice of commencement or resumption of building operations.
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These by-laws may be cited as the Selangor Uniform Building (Amendment). (No. . Pembinaan Malaysia under the Lembaga Pembangunan Industri. th. March Malaysia signed the Convention sometime on 8 th. April. On January 9 th. , the Persons with Disabilities Act (Act ) received. UBBL pdf, "find" able. LAWS OF MALAYSIA UNIFORM BUILDING BY- LAWS All amendments '" IILI >I J I'f First EditiOn Second.
However, they are only concerned about the proportion of windows and size of light- wells and there are not more specific regulations on achieving healthy indoor air quality. Clause 39 4 determines that every water-closet, latrine, urinal and bathroom should be provided with natural ventilation by means of one or more openings having a total area of not less than 0. For buildings that are more than 8 storied high, clause 40 1 , establishes that the minimum size of light-wells should be not less than 15 sqm, being the minimum width 2.
These could not provide an acceptable ventilation by natural means in high-rise residential buildings where weaker stack effect due to lower temperature differences and heat build-up at the top of the light-wells might happen at certain levels Prajongsan, , Kotani et al.
However, the standard only suggests using CO2 sensors to control indoor air pollution. For indoor comfort cooling in air-conditioned spaces, this standard recommends the maximum air movement of 0. Malaysia, like many other countries, has recently developed several green rating tools. These include the provision of light-wells to promote the stack effect as we have seen already considered by UBBL , open plan layouts to promote cross ventilation, shading devices or overhangs to protect windows from sun radiation and naturally ventilated public spaces.
This rating tool also encourages the use of low Volatile Organic Compounds VOC materials and finishes to reduce the indoor air pollutants, but there is no minimum air movement and indoor air temperature recommendation.
This tool proposes several strategies to enhance natural ventilation in residential buildings. In addition to the strategies previously proposed by GBI such as the use of open plan layouts to promote cross ventilation and the provision of public spaces naturally ventilated, GreenRE encourages a more appropriate orientation of buildings, so that they face prevailing winds.
As in the case of GBI there are no recommendations for the minimum percentage of openings or indoor air temperature set. This document is at the moment available only for non-residential buildings.
In order to maintain good quality in the indoor air, this tool requires that all naturally ventilated spaces should be permanently open to and within 7. MyCREST proposes that the minimum average of air movement for naturally ventilated spaces should be no less than 0. Table 1 shows the comparison of natural ventilation strategies in the regulations, standards and the green rating tools used in Malaysia, as discussed above. Although there are significant improvements, in particular, the development of the recent MyCREST tool, Malaysia needs to address the need for a revision of its building regulations so that residential buildings are designed to minimise their carbon emissions and to improve the health and comfort of the occupants.
Learning from the Vernacular Architecture In the residential buildings at tropical regions cooling is more important than heating. According to the chapter of Buildings: Mitigation of Climate Change in the 5th Climate Change Assessment Report produced by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC in , residential buildings in tropical regions could lower the carbon emissions by introducing a design that could maintain indoor comfort temperatures without using any mechanical equipment.
The clear precedent is vernacular houses, which design have succeeded in achieving cooling and comfort Lucon et al. Although, obviously, they were not built in a dense urban context such as Kuala Lumpur. In the case of traditional houses in Malaysia, it took hundreds of years to refine a well- adapted design to the local climate. The key factors for achieving healthy indoor comfort in Malaysia s rural areas are the integration of building form, the use of lightweight materials and green surroundings.
Large overhangs, for example, prevent direct solar radiation and rain from entering the houses and timber-gap-floor on stilts promote fresh air intake from beneath the floor.
High pitched roofs with ventilation at the top exhaust warm air by the stack effect. Lightweight materials immediately release solar heat Lim, , and large openings on the facades, which effectively balance the external and internal air temperatures Kubota and Toe, An integrated natural ventilation strategy informed by these vernacular precedents has a great potential to reduce carbon emissions directly and at the same time ensuring the health and increased comfort of the occupants.
A study on the possible adaptation of these vernacular strategies to a modern social housing building has proved that an appropriate envelope and layout configuration could achieve the acceptable operative temperature of A full-height opening configuration was proposed with three elements and these are - main windows, fixed louvres and adjustable louvres.
Fixed louvres are introduced at the upper level of the internal walls to allow air to circulate throughout the units at every time. The proposed standard has also suggested that the depth of rooms should be decreased to enhance cross ventilation and the overhangs should be provided to protect all windows from solar radiation at any angles.
Further studies are being carried out to refine and validate the standard. Conclusion and recommendations Although current building regulations, standards and green rating tools have proposed many natural ventilation strategies in Malaysia, they have not been able to acknowledge the current and future climatic conditions of Kuala Lumpur. At the same time, they are not able to address the required improvements in o upa t s health and comfort as well as the reduction of the carbon emissions.
The UBBL, especially the clauses 39 1 and 40 1 that regulate sizes of openings and light well requirements, were informed by British building standards and have not been reviewed and further researched in accordance with local climate conditions.
These clauses, which have been used for 33 years without revision, should be revised and improved in order to reduce carbon emissions while ensuring occupant s health and comfort. Likewise, the standards MS and green rating tools GBI, GreenRE and MyCREST have failed to devise strategies that could reduce airborne particulate matter and toxic gases as well as to prevent convective, conductive and radiative heat from entering and permeating high-rise residential units in Kuala Lumpur.
However, this sole figure seems to be inappropriate to provide ventilation and filter airborne particulate matter from entering indoor spaces in high-rise residential buildings due to different heights factor.
Clause 40 1 of UBBL sets the requirement for a light-well of 15 sqm in buildings higher than 8 stories, which could not provide an acceptable ventilation by natural means in high-rise buildings due to weak stack effect and the absence of wind-force ventilation. Further studies should be carried out to test the appropriateness of these requirements to achieve suitable ventilation while ensuring the health of the building occupants and increase comfort levels in indoor spaces.
Building regulations in Malaysia, which are concerned about the natural ventilation, should be revised in order to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions as well as to deal with the challenges of heat stress and air pollution which affect the comfort and health of the building s occupants.
This revision should take into consideration the critical conditions, which allow for natural ventilation to enhance air movement, reduce the airborne particulate matter and maintain the acceptable operative temperature. By improving the regulations and maximising the potential of natural ventilation, high-rise residential buildings in Kuala Lumpur would become healthy and comfortable places to live in and great contributors to the mitigation of climate change.
References ADB, A. Asian Development Bank. Aflaki, A. The influence of single-sided ventilation towards the indoor thermal performance of high-rise residential building: A field study. Energy and Buildings, , Aldossary, A.
13282147 Uniform Building by Laws
Chenvidyakarn, T. Buoyancy effects on natural ventilation, Cambridge University Press. CIDB Elsayed, I. Mitigation of the urban heat island of the city of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 11, ESRI Redlands, California. IPCC Climate Change Synthesis Report.
Pachauri and L. Meyer eds. Kotani, H. Natural ventilation of light well in high-rise apartment building. Energy and Buildings, 35, Kubota, T. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, , Leh, O.
Uniform Building By-Laws
Urban air environmental health indicators for Kuala Lumpur city. Sains Malaysiana, 41, WordPress Shortcode.
Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Jennifer Ebit at Universiti of Malaya. Yip Zhen Hao. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. UBBL pdf 1. RM Eighth Edition Ninth Edition Tenth Edition EleveDth Edition Twelfth Edition Thirteenth Edition Fourteenth Edition We have taken every precaution possible in this publication, from selection of the paper to checking of the manuscript to ensure that it is ofthe highest possible quality.
The publisher will gratefully acknowledge any suggestions for improvement. All rights reserved. Ministry of International Trade and Industry. Department ofStatistics. Royal Customs and Excise Department of Malaysia. National Institute of Public Administration!
Integrity Institute ofMalaysia. Asian Development Bank. Islamic Development Bank. United Nations.. United Nations University, Japan. World Intellec: Return of plan.
Supervision of work. Plans to be signed.
Malaysia Uniform Building by Laws.pdf
Withdrawal or change of qualified person. Plans to be deposited in triplicate. Scale of plans. Plans required. Exemption from by-law Sketch plans for approval in principle.
Special permission to commence building operations. Plans of alterations. Details and calculations of structural plans.
Power of local authority to reject structural plans and calculations. Temporary permits. Advertisement hoardings. Materials not to be deposited in a street without permission. Notice of commencement or resumption of building operations.
Notice of completion of setting out: Notice of completion of excavation for foundation. Certificate of fitness for occupation. Temporary certificate of fitness for occupation. Partial certificate of fitness for occupation. Offence under the Act. Fees for consideration of plans and for permits. Open spaces to be provided.
Open spaces not to be altered or roofed. Space about buildings abutting a street and a backlane. Space about buildings on Jots abutting a street and having no backlane. Space about detached buildings. Aocess from a street. Splayed corners. Projections over the street and over the building line. Width of footway. Natural lighting and ventilation. Mechanical ventilation and air-conditioning.
Minimum area of rooms in residential buildings. Minimum dimensions of latrines, water-closets and bathrooms. Height of rooms in residential buildings, shophouses, schools, etc. Places of public resorts. Heights of rooms in buildings. Projections over verandah-way. Commencement of building operation.
Responsibility of persons granted temporary permits. Cancellaiion of temporary permit. Vehicular access to site. Rising mains to be installed progressively. Building materials. General requirements of loading. Dead and imposed loads. Dead loads calculated from weights of materials used. Weight of partitions. Contents of tariks and other receptacles. Imposed floor loads. Mechanical stacking. Reduction in total imposed floor loads. Imposed roof loads. Curved roOfs. Roof coverings. Internal suspended loads on primary structural members.
Amount of suspended load. Dynamic loading. Crane gantry girders. Parapets and balustrades. Vehicle barriers for car parks. Basement walls and floors..
Foundations of buildings not exceeding four storeys. Reinforced concrete foundations. Strip foundations. Brick footings. Foundations below invert of drains. Foundations under external and party walls. Building site. Drainage of subsoil. Protection against soil erosion, etc. Prevention of dampness.
Nominal thickness of walls. Openings in party walls. Coping, etc. Projections in brickwork. Measurement of the length of a wall. Use of miUimetre brickwork and concrete blocks in loadbearing walls. External panel walls. Non load-bearing partitions. Timbers built into party walls. Fences and boundary walls. Cooking facilities in residential buildings. Cooking facilities in quarters.
Boilers, fireplaces, forges and incineratorsjn factories. Combustible materials adjoining smoke flues. Timber floors. Bearing for joists. Space below floors to be ventilated. Dimensions of staircases. Maximum flights.
No obstructions in staircases. Lighting and ventilation of staircases. Enclosure of staircases in a shop. Use of timber staircases. Timber roofs. Roofs coverings and drainage. Accessible flat roofS, balconies, etc. Access to roof space. Refuse chutes and alternate means for disposal of refuse. Change of use of building.
Design and construction of refuse chutes. Requirements for refuse receptacle chambers. Pipes and service ducts. Swimming pools. Steps and footway. Openings into swimming pool. Depth of water, Location of driving boards. Changing rooms. Foot-bath and shower. Private, residential swimming pools. Designation of purpose groups. Rules of. Other walls and floors to be constructed as compartment walls or compartment floors. Separation of fire risk areas.
Fire appliance access. Separating walls. External walls. Beam or column. Cladding on external wall. Reference to Sixth Schedule. Relevant boundary. Construction of separating walls. Special requirements as to compartment walls and compartment floors. Horizontal and vertical barriers at the external walls. Protected shafts.
Ventilation to lift shafts. Openings in lift Shafts. Smoke detectors for lift lobbies. Fire mode of operation. Protected shafts as ventilating duct.
Stages in places of assembly. Open stages. Fire precaution in air-conditioning systems. Fire doors in compartment walls and separating walls. Half hour and one hour doors.
Door closers for fire doors. Measurement of travel distance to exits. Exits to be accessible at all times. Storey exits. Exit route. Egress through unenclosed openings. Horizontal exits. Emergency exit signs. Exit doors. Arrangement of storey exits. Calculation of occupant load. Computing storey exit widths.
Computing number of staircases and staircase widths. Exits for institutional and other places of assembly. Classification of places of assembly. Spaced standards for calculating occupancy loads. Width of means of egress. Rate of discharge.Asian Development Bank. Building site. Temporary certificate of fitness for occupation. Such kitchen shall be provided with a properly constructed fireplace, flue and chimney, and shall be adequately lighted and ventilated.
Ventilation to lift shafts. Malaysia s apital, Kuala Lu pur, has 1.
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