THE PSYCHOLOGY OF HUMAN SEXUALITY PDF
PDF | A review of Justin J. Lehmiller's The Psychology of Human Sexuality. The Psychology of Human Sexuality offers a comprehensive overview of human sexual behavior from a biopsychosocial perspective. The text highlights. Introduction to Human Sexuality as Psychology. Perspectives on human sexuality : The topic of human sexuality is already covered by a number.
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The Psychology of Human Sexuality offers a comprehensiveoverview of human sexual behavior from a biopsychosocialperspective. The text highlights. including a psychological perspective on various aspects of human sexuality and in blog, The Psychology of Human Sexuality (myavr.info), which is a. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author(s) have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or.
As a physiological indicator of sexual arousal, it is still unclear what these vaginal signals represent and whether they are analogues of distinct vascular processes Levine, However, there is evidence for their convergent validity.
The construct of arousability is central to understanding cognitive and affective aspects of sexual excitement in women. According to Bancroft , arousability is a cognitive sensitivity to external sexual cues. He suggests that high arousability implies enhanced perception, awareness, and processing of not only sexual cues but the bodily responses of sexual excitement.
The Psychology of Human Sexuality
This model seeks to connect cognitive—affective responses with control of genital and peripheral indications of sexual excitement through a neurophysiological substrate for sexual arousal. Fortunately, one of the psychometrically strongest self-report measure for female sexuality is one that also taps sexual arousability, the Sexual Arousability Index SAI by Hoon, Hoon, and Wincze On this item measure, women rate their sexual arousal for a variety of erotic and explicit sexual behaviors.
The measure samples a range of individual and partnered erotic and sexual behaviors; our psychometric studies indicate that the SAI samples the following domains: arousal associated with erotica e.
In the Laumann et al. Other relevant data indicate that the magnitude of the correlations may be moderated by individual differences among women, such as indications of their sexual responsiveness. At this time, there is insufficient data to draw a conclusion about the significance or lack thereof of this dysyncrony.
It may be useful to consider other positive affects or emotions that may influence sexual excitement—arousal. This examination provides a way to establish convergent and discriminant validity for the excitement construct. People then label this arousal as love. A classic experiment provided evidence for this notion.
Dutton and Aron had men who were between 19 and 35 years old walk across one of two bridges. One bridge was suspended over a deep gorge and swayed vigorously from side to side.
The other bridge was much more stable and was much closer to the ground. Presumably, participants would be substantially more psychophysiologically aroused by crossing the swaying bridge than by crossing the stable one. As the men walked across the bridge, they were met by a research assistant, who was either male or female and who asked the participant to answer a few questions and to tell a story based on a picture.
After the tasks were completed, the research assistant mentioned that if a participant wanted more information, he could call the assistant at home.
Two important findings emerged. The first was that the stories of the participants in response to a Thematic Apperception Test card were highest in sexual imagery in the group that crossed the swaying bridge and met the female assistant.
The second was that members of this condition were also the most likely to call the assistant at home, in some cases, even attempting to arrange another, more personal, meeting. These data have been interpreted as indicating that arousal, accompanied by a plausible labeling of the arousal as love or at least attraction , seems to be one basis for passionate love see Sternberg, , for a related discussion. Although this experiment has not been replicated with women, it illustrates the general phenomena of positive affective labeling with sexual attraction, and possibly sexual arousal.
The item Passionate Love Scale by Hatfield and Sprecher is reliable and evidences broad construct validity. Passionate love, defined as an intense longing for union with another, consists of three components: cognitive e.
The measure is correlated but not overlapping with relevant measures of sexual desire and excitement e. Negative affects that may impair excitement Historically, anxiety has been the hypothesized mechanism in many theories of arousal deficits. Psychodynamic hypotheses emphasize fears of phallic-aggressive impulses, castration, rivalry, or incestuous object choices Janssen, More central to contemporary views, Wolpe was the first to emphasize anxiety-based impairment of physiologic responses.
The Psychology of Human Sexuality, 2nd Edition
In his view, the sympathetic activity characteristic of anxiety inhibits the local i. Initially offered to explain male arousal deficits, the model has been applied less satisfactorily for women. Dysfunctional attentional processes and negative affects have been the core of psychological theories of excitement deficits. Anxiety about performance failure i. Again, male sexual responding is usually the exemplar for this model.
When a positive, functional sexual response e. Women are presented with stimuli, usually videotapes, representing anxiety-provoking, neutral, or erotic sequences. Vaginal measures, as well as self-reports of general or genital arousal, are recorded.
In tests of the physiologic effects of anxiety, the data have, in general, indicated that genital arousal is not inhibited by anxiety. Using individualized, anxiety-provoking audiotaped scenarios, Beggs, Calhoun, and Wolchik , for example, found that genital arousal VBV increased during the anxiety-provoking condition, although the levels were not as high as those achieved during an erotic verbal stimulus.
Palace and Gorzalka found that preexposure with an anxiety-provoking videotape e. This effect, preexposure to an anxiety-provoking stimulus increasing subsequent VBV during erotica, has also been replicated Palace, in press. Other data disconfirming of both the Masters and Johnson and the Barlow conceptualizations is that by Laan, Everaerd, van Aanhold, and Rebel Taken together, these data suggest that these previous conceptualizations may be less relevant if relevant at all for women, as they substantiate neither the arousal processes they may be predominately sympathetic rather than parasympathetic nor hypothesized mechanisms e.
For these reasons, we consider anxiety as well as a broad band of other affects that may be relevant to discriminate from excitement processes for assessment. As an aside, we note that the DSM—IV gives no clues as to the direction of assessment and largely omits affective criteria for arousal disorder in women. Wiley Imprint: Wiley-Blackwell Publication Date: Lehmiller Author Justin J. He has published over 25 articles and book chapters in such publications as the Journal of Sex Research and the Journal of Social and Personal Relations We want your feedback!
Click here. The study of reproductive health is beneficial to anyone planning on having a child, those looking for a contraceptive that fits their lifestyle, those looking to terminate a pregnancy for health-related or practical reasons and more.
This kind of support can be provided through biological as well as psychological studies. Studying the psychology behind sexual feelings can help psychologists better understand and counsel those looking for help in their current, past and future sexual relationships. It can also provide aid for survivors of sexual assault, those who are confused about their sexual orientation and anyone who has questions about their sexual preferences or lifestyles.
Sexual research can also be introspective in nature. How do we define sex and how has this definition changed over time? What do our definitions of sex say about us?Current theories range from purely dynamic models to ones that emphasize biologic factors.
This examination provides a way to establish convergent and discriminant validity for the excitement construct. Almost all participants were women, with a mean age of years. Most sexologists would credit the beginning of sexual research to Alfred Kinsey in , but even then, it was not researched scientifically until William H.
Using individualized, anxiety-provoking audiotaped scenarios, Beggs, Calhoun, and Wolchik , for example, found that genital arousal VBV increased during the anxiety-provoking condition, although the levels were not as high as those achieved during an erotic verbal stimulus.