Laws Good Earth Pearl S Buck Ebook


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The good earth. byBuck, Pearl S; Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), . Publication date Topics NA. Publisher[London]. Editorial Reviews. Review. “Bertozzi beautifully distills Buck's text into poignant snippets The Good Earth eBook: Pearl S. Buck: Kindle Store. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Pearl S. Buck including rare The Good Earth is Buck's classic story of Wang Lung, a Chinese.

Good Earth Pearl S Buck Ebook

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In The Good Earth Pearl S. Buck paints an indelible portrait of China in the s , when the last emperor reigned and the vast political and. Read "The Good Earth Trilogy The Good Earth, Sons, and A House Divided" by Pearl S. Buck available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get $5 off your. The Good Earth Trilogy: The Good Earth, Sons, and A House Divided. (House of Earth #). by. Pearl S. Buck. · Rating details · 1, ratings · 77 reviews.

His passion for the land overrides all other emotions. The land is his livelihood, his security, and the source from which he draws spiritual refreshment. In the face of starvation he will not sell a single field. She reveals very little about herself in words, but you will find out a good deal about her thoughts and feelings from her actions. She was sold by her poor parents to the great Hwang household at the age of ten, during a famine. Too plain to be desirable as a concubine, she was a good worker and so was kept as a kitchen slave.

Note her behavior in her new role as wife. She is quick and thorough in performing her household duties, so that she has time to do more than is expected of her. She works beside Wang at hoeing and planting, and yet has his meal on the table when he comes in from his work. What does this say about O-lan? Perhaps she is happier now than she has ever been since her childhood.

You might say that she has achieved what she never dared hope for in her years as a kitchen slave. She is mistress of her own household. She has a husband who does not beat her or order her about but is on the whole gentle and considerate in the small, everyday ways that sweeten life. O-lan does not express her happiness in words.

Could you interpret this as evidence that Olan sees herself as sharing in a joint enterprise with her husband, not as a slave wife but as a co-worker? Might this explain why she persists in working in the fields throughout her pregnancy, right up to the onset of her labor pains, and then returns to the fields again with scarcely any rest after giving birth?

Although she is slow in her speech, O-lan is not slow-witted. She recognizes the first signs of decline in the House of Hwang and sets Wang on his land-buying course. Through the long winter he sits beside her as she waits for death. They are often types that reflect various aspects of Chinese society. Some of these characters have no names but are identified only by their relationship to Wang Lung.

In Chinese families, one is usually identified by a relationship rather than a proper name. He complains when his comfort is not properly attended to, and he scolds Wang Lung for spending money to celebrate his wedding or the birth of a son.

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At the same time he is proud that his son can make such a fine show before the neighbors. As the story of Wang progresses, you will notice certain traits shared by father and son. What are they? How do the men differ? The old man has absolute faith that his son and grandsons will take care of him, and he endures the hardships of the famine with good nature. He has an earthy sense of humor.

When he sees Lotus, the concubine, painted and dressed in silks, he refuses to accept her, insisting that one wife was enough for him and for his father before him. He exploits the traditional obligation toward blood relatives to prey upon Wang.

During the famine he sells his eldest daughter and his younger children disappear without explanation.

He and his wife and son continue to be well-fed and are even suspected of cannibalism. A gambler at the beginning of the story, he later turns out to have criminal connections. He seems to represent the disintegration of life and family that follows breaking with the land.

If you agree that he is the nastiest character in the book, do you think Wang Lung should have dealt with him differently, given Chinese family obligations? She demands delicacies of food and drink, and she does no work in the household. But neither does she do any real mischief.

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On the contrary, she is useful to Wang in arranging the purchase of Lotus. Her gossipy good humor pleases Lotus, but their closeness bothers Wang. He returns when Wang is rich and has moved into the Great House. Although he has become a coarse and brutal ruffian, he has some of the sinister charm of an adventurer. Unlike Wang, the son grows up contemptuous of the land.

He is the one who persuades Wang to move into the mansion in the town, which he furnishes and decorates in aristocratic style. Some readers see in this son a symbol of the old Chinese aristocracy with all its pompousness. In contrast to his elder brother, he loves money not for what it can buy but for itself.

You might see in this son another facet of traditional Chinese society, the landless merchant class that made its money by squeezing the poor. The two women bicker constantly, sharpening the underlying feud between their husbands and depriving the household of the peace that Wang Lung longs for. This son, too, demands an education.

A silent boy, he keeps his thoughts and wishes to himself. From his cousin and the soldiers quartered in the house, he gains a taste for soldiering, and he runs away to join one of the armies roaming the region. When last heard of, he has be- come a high-ranking revolutionary officer.

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Some readers see in this son the new China which has lost all contact with the land and tradition. The deprivations of her first years have left her retarded. Wang makes her his special care. She also reflects a good side of Wang. When Wang discovers her weeping over the pain and offers to have her feet unbound, this daughter refuses, saying that then her husband will not love her.

How do you think this would be received by the young married women you know? She is painted, perfumed, dressed in silks and jewels, skilled in pleasing men and exacting expensive gifts from them. Selfish and self-indulgent, Lotus Flower exerts considerable power over Wang until her behavior toward his children offends him, and he frees himself from his emotional dependence on her.

Although a slave, as his concubine she has a secure and permanent place in the household, and as Wang grows old she simply grows fatter, lazier, and more self-indulgent.

A shrewd, sharp-tongued woman, she appears cunning and grasping. Might you find a more sympathetic interpretation of her character as a woman who has spent her entire life in slavery and is seeking only security in her later years?

When Wang is attracted to her himself, she convinces him that she likes only old men because they are kind. You might consider whether, unlike the more robust Cuckoo, Pear Blossom has responded to a life in slavery by becoming more sensitive to the unfortunate and rejected.

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When Wang comes back from the south with his new wealth, Ching is barely alive. When Ching dies, Wang feels that he has lost his only true friend. But the Hwang fortunes are already fading. The five young lords sons are away in the city, spending their wealth on pleasures.

The Old Lord is occupied with his concubines, the Old Mistress with her opium, and nobody cares for the land. These two characters and the House of Hwang present an object lesson in the rise and fall of families. Once every five years or so it suffers a drought in which no crops grow. The region is bare of forests, so there is no wood for building or for fuel. With no woodlands to hold back the run-off of rains, there is also flooding. A third hazard is a periodic plague of locusts that devour the crops when they are close to harvest.

In The Good Earth, Wang and his neighbors are visited by all three of these disasters in succession. His house has three tiny rooms, a thatched roof, and walls made of earthen bricks, with small window holes covered over with paper to keep out the winter cold. The cooking fire in the oven consists of a handful of straw and dried grass, and Wang lights it with a spark struck from a flint chip with a scrap of iron. Later, when the setting changes to the House of Hwang within the town, you see an elegant Chinese mansion, with carved furniture and screens, courtyard after courtyard planted with flowering trees, and a goldfish or lily pool in its center.

When Wang takes his starving family south during the famine, the setting shifts to a city, probably Chinkiang, in the coastal province of Kiangsu.

Here the climate is mild, and the outlying farms grow a great variety of crops, which are harvested twice a year. It is a rich city, thriving with trade and tea houses where businessmen gamble and take their pleasures, and the markets are plentiful enough to feed all the starving in Anhwei, could the food be transported. Historically, China had no distribution system that could relieve famine in one region with food from another. Even under the republic founded in , there was no strong central government to carry out such a rescue.

But all along the way- like signposts on a road- you may read messages pointing to the deeper meaning of the story, the lifesustaining bond of human beings with the land. Wang always returns to this. Wang receives his livelihood and spiritual rejuvenation from the land. He experiences harmony with O-lan working beside him. His sole source of stability is in the land, and this is why he always transforms any material gain into land.

You see the decline of the House of Hwang as it becomes separated from the land, and the same seems to hold for Wang when he is apart from his land. Is it possible that the author means that labor and the good earth are not enough? The casual way in which a fellow refugee talks of strangling a girl child at birth or selling her as a slave is in itself a shock. Wang Lung and Olan deal with both these alternatives.

As a peasant wife a woman worked both in the house and in the fields. She could be a household slave, like Cuckoo. Rich or poor, if she is a wife, her principal function is to bear sons. Another aspect of Chinese life that seemed designed to make women suffer was the practice of altering the feet of girls so they could barely walk. Those waists, which a man could encircle with his two hands, were achieved only by tight corseting that forced the internal organs out of place and often caused injury.

Tight corseting was not as crippling as foot-binding but it had the same purpose- to please men. Precise rules govern all relationships in the Chinese family. The rules are binding: a wife is obedient to her husband and children to their father, and everyone- husbands, wives, children- must respect the elderly. The dominance of males runs through these rules as well. A wife who has borne sons, like O-lan, is entitled to more respect and consideration from her husband than if she has borne only daughters.

You may find this particular obligation unfair, imposing a heavy burden on Wang Lung, especially considering the character of the uncle and his family. Wang frees himself from their demands only by supplying his uncle and aunt with opium, an addictive and debilitating drug.

His trust is well founded. Wang Lung gives him the first share of whatever food there is, even if he must deprive his own children. Some nomadic societies leave the old people who cannot keep up with the migration to starve and die. Can you make a case for either of these two customs?

Are both too extreme? Wang Lung gives his old father not only respect and obedience but also loving care. From his own sons Wang receives only a show of respect. As you read, consider why Wang Lung fails so completely to understand his sons. Is this simply a case of the generation gap?

You may want to remember that Wang grew up as the hard-working son of a poor farmer, while they grew up as sons of a prosperous landowner.

Primarily, since he is a farmer, he worships burns incense before two small earth gods in the field to bring good fortune to himself and his family. But he also appeals to the goddess of mercy to give his daughter-in-law a boy child in return for a new robe. He buys a paper god of wealth when his fortunes are on the rise and scolds the gods when misfortune occurs. He is superstitious and believes in omens. He tries to fool the evil spirits, as when he hides his own baby boy under his robe and proclaims out loud that it is only a worthless girl child.

Wang Lung also respects the more sophisticated Confucian principles of family deference and is pleased when his son erects an ancestral shrine in the house. As a matter of convention he gives donations to both the Buddhist and Taoist temples on the birth of his first son.

This mixture of deference to the ancient philosophies and to the spirit world was typical of everyday Chinese religious practice.

However, the more established religious institutions seem more the preserve of the educated. For a simple farmer like Wang, even when he becomes rich, the little earthen idols- gods of the renewal of life- are supremely powerful. But if you believed, as Wang did, that these gods had purposely created your good fortune or your bad times, you might respond in the same way.

How does your religious heritage teach you to deal with adversity? O-lan, too, strikes most readers as a genuinely good woman. But there are certainly grounds to argue the contrary, at least on some issues. Infanticide, pillaging, slavery, drug selling, and other less severe actions raise questions about what codes of morality do exist in the novel. Western readers have to keep in mind differences between their culture and that of Wang Lung, where custom allows some unfamiliar behavior.

You might ask, however, whether custom and morality, a sense of right and wrong, are the same thing. Or is there a morality so basic to human beings that local customs, though widely accepted, are actually violations of that morality? As Wang and the other Chinese struggle to survive, what role does necessity play? Is there a justification for stealing? For infanticide? Under what circumstances? Wang fails entirely to understand his sons. All three of them disappoint him by rejecting the land.

For a time Wang finds peace in watching his grandchildren at play, but when they are of school age they giggle at his old-fashioned ideas and he stops visiting them. Only the land has given him the peace he seeks, and so in old age he moves from the mansion in the town back to the old farmhouse, where he can spend his last years in peace, close to his fields.

This lack of domestic tranquility is reflected in the wars and civil strife that surround the personal story of Wang Lung. The turmoil of a society in transition from an imperial autocracy to a modern republic intrudes periodically in the form of soldiers, looters, rioters, and bandits.

Another critic describes it as a mixture of the King James Version of the Bible and a traditional Chinese epic. As the daughter of Presbyterian missionaries, Buck was brought up on the Bible. And although she read widely in English literature, she also read Chinese novels. As Buck herself explained, Chinese novels were written for a wide popular audience. They developed from the tales that professional storytellers once told to a crowd of people sitting on the ground around them, at a time when most Chinese- like most people everywhere- could neither read nor write.

Buck translated one of these Chinese novels into English, and she lectured and wrote on the popular art of the Chinese novel. Buck wrote The Good Earth at great speed, finishing it in three months. It was as though the story and all its characters had been growing in her mind like seeds in the earth, until the right moment came for them to blossom in the pages of her novel.

There is nothing forced or difficult about her style. Her sentences and paragraphs flow clearly and easily, without effort. Because her characters are not given to much talk, she does not use much dialogue.

When they do talk, their turns of phrase seem to suggest that they are talking in their native language. Yet every word and every sentence they utter is good, simple English. Try reading aloud some passages of dialogue from the novel.

See if you can tell what makes them sound as though they might be speaking Chinese. Is it perhaps the rhythm, rather than the words? Buck once said that she thought out all her stories in Chinese first, before writing them down in English. Everything that happens is described as he experiences it and as it affects him.

CliffsNotes on Buck's The Good Earth

You understand them through their words and actions. This is obviously a rather limiting way of telling a story. In using the third-person form the narrator has somewhat more scope. Yet the scope is quite limited. For example, when O-lan brings a bowl of tea to her husband on the first morning of their marriage, you know that she is afraid of him only because he sees the fear in her expression.

Later you see that O-lan comes to trust her husband from the way that she goes about her work, taking her full share of the toil as an equal partner, and also from the way she offers advice to Wang Lung on the rare occasions when a crisis moves her to break her customary silence. Just as the characters are described only as they affect Wang Lung, every event is told only as it relates to him.

Drought, flood, locusts- all are part of the story only as they affect Wang Lung. Wars are fought all over China and robber bands plunder and murder in the villages, but we learn of these dire events only as Wang Lung does.

His uncle turns out to be a member of a notorious band of brigands. He learns that a robber band raided the House of Hwang during the famine.

His cousin brings a band of soldiers into his house. The novel pursues an unswerving story line, faithfully following the experience of the central character. The novel is made up of thirty-four chapters and falls into two main parts. His achievement of modest prosperity is followed by a sudden reversal in the form of poverty and famine which drives him and his family to the city to beg and perform hired labor.

Chapters 11 to 14, which take place in the city, provide a striking contrast to the earlier depiction of country life and its traditional values.

The money and jewels they steal enable them to return to the land. His rise in wealth and status is accompanied by his fall from a state of contentment as he alienates himself from the land and his family. The last five chapters reveal the price Wang pays for his wealth.

He is alone; his wife is dead and so is his father. His sons are unsympathetic to traditional ways and to the land, and even his grandchildren laugh at him for his oldfashioned ways.

He moves back to his farmhouse with a young slave girl who acts as a daughter and with his own mentally retarded daughter whom nobody else would care for. He rises at dawn as always to light the fire and heat the water, but today is different. Instead of merely washing, he fills the wooden tub and bathes. He puts aside his padded winter suit, now torn and soiled, for a clean one of cotton, and over it goes his one cotton coat saved for feast days.

He brushes out and rebraids his queue, the traditional long lock of hair growing from the crown of his head, and he weaves a tasseled black silk cord into the braid. Adapted by Nick Bertozzi. Trade Paperback. Hardcover Fixed Layout eBook. Price may vary by retailer. Add to Cart Add to Cart. About The Book. About The Author. Product Details. Related Articles. Happy Chinese New Year: Awards and Honors. Ching — Wang Lung's faithful friend and neighbor. Dies from an accident in the fields because he was showing a fellow farmer how to work the fields.

He is buried near the entrance to the family graveyard. Wang Lung plans to be buried nearest to him, but still on the family hill in the graveyard. Lotus Flower — Much-spoiled concubine and former prostitute. Eventually becomes old, fat, and less pretty from the tobacco and fattening foods. Helps arrange the eldest son's and youngest daughter's marriages. Cuckoo — Formerly a slave in the house of Hwang.

Becomes madame of the "tea house", eventually becomes servant to Lotus. Hated by O-Lan because she was cruel to her in the Hwang House.

Pear Blossom — Bought as a young girl, she serves as a slave to Lotus. At the end of the novel she becomes Wang Lung's concubine because she says she prefers the quiet devotion of old men to the fiery passions of young men. Chronology The novel's chronology is unclear, as it provides no explicit dates from which to work.

There are, however, references to events which take place in Chinese History which, if accurately placed by the author, provide an approximate time frame; among these are the use of railroads and the Xinhai Revolution.

The time spent by the family in the South probably Shanghai following the famine in their home of Anhui provides the best opportunity to approximate the time span of the novel. Railroads in China were not constructed until the end of the 19th century, with virtually no widespread development until after The lines extending from Shanghai to the north were constructed only after The train used by Wang Lung and his family is implied to be relatively new, which would place their departure to the South around this time.

Their return, which takes place shortly after the southern city descends into civil chaos, best matches the time of the Revolution. Accepting this as a starting point, earlier and later dates can be estimated according to the ages of characters and the seasonal crop cycles which are mentioned. If accurate, this would likely place the end of the novel after its date of publishing. Political influence Some scholars have seen The Good Earth as creating sympathy for China in the oncoming war with Japan.

If they had, Americans would have been fighting in Asia long before Spurling observes that Buck was the daughter of American missionaries and defends the book against charges that it is simply a collection of racist stereotypes. In her view, Buck delves deeply into the lives of the Chinese poor and opposed "religious fundamentalism, racial prejudice, gender oppression, sexual repression, and discrimination against the disabled.

It disappeared after the exhibit, and in a memoir , Buck is said to have written, "The devil has it. I simply cannot remember what I did with that manuscript.

The FBI were notified and it was handed over by the consignor. Life Magazine, 14 August Chosen in collaboration with the magazine's editors.

Buck's The Good Earth at a Glance". Mike Meyer March 5, The Clash: U. New York; London: Norton, , p.

Foreign Affairs. Pearl S. Buck: A Cultural Biography. Buck writings turn up four decades later". The Morning Call Lehigh Valley. Retrieved 8 October FBI Stories. Further reading W. Hilary Spurling.He seems to represent the disintegration of life and family that follows breaking with the land. The Angry Wife. Buck was a tall woman and she may well have worn a long black coat, but she certainly did not speak broken Chinese.

I recommend this trilogy to anyone who wishes to explore the Chinese culture or to read about family and the struggles that lie within them. His trust is well founded. He hangs strips of red paper with good luck mottoes on the doors and a paper flower over the doorway. Characters Wang Lung — poor, hard-working farmer born and raised in a small village of Anhwei.

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