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eBooks of classic literature, books and novels. This work is licensed under a .. 'If we can persuade your father to all this,' said Lady Rus- sell, looking over her. Persuasion is Jane Austen's last completed novel. She began it soon after she had finished Emma and completed it in August Sir Walter, Anne's fatuous, snobbish father and her equally self-involved older sister Elizabeth were dissatisfied with her choice, maintaining that he. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Persuasion by Jane Austen. No cover available. Download Download This eBook.

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Download Persuasion PDF ByJane Austen. Persuasion is Jane Austen's last completed novel. She began it soon after she had finished Emma, completing it in. Persuasion by Jane Austen is a novel rich in intrigue and romance. Persuasion centers on the Elliot family—Sir Walter and his three daughters Elizabeth. This book is available for free download in a number of formats - including epub, pdf, azw, mobi and more. You can also read the full text online using our.

He considered the blessing of beauty as inferior only to the blessing of a baronetcy; and the Sir Walter Elliot, who united these gifts, was the constant object of his warmest respect and devotion. His good looks and his rank had one fair claim on his attachment; since to them he must have owed a wife of very superior character to any thing deserved by his own. Lady Elliot had been an excellent woman, sensible and amiable; whose judgement and conduct, if they might be pardoned the youthful infatuation which made her Lady Elliot, had never required indulgence afterwards.

She had, however, one very intimate friend, a sensible, deserving woman, who had been brought, by strong attachment to herself, to settle close by her, in the village of Kellynch; and on her kindness and advice, Lady Elliot mainly relied for the best help and maintenance of the good principles and instruction which she had been anxiously giving her daughters. This friend, and Sir Walter, did not marry, whatever might have been anticipated on that head by their acquaintance.

Thirteen years had passed away since Lady Elliot's death, and they were still near neighbours and intimate friends, and one remained a widower, the other a widow.

That Lady Russell, of steady age and character, and extremely well provided for, should have no thought of a second marriage, needs no apology to the public, which is rather apt to be unreasonably discontented when a woman does marry again, than when she does not; but Sir Walter's continuing in singleness requires explanation.

Be it known then, that Sir Walter, like a good father, having met with one or two private disappointments in very unreasonable applications , prided himself on remaining single for his dear daughters' sake. For one daughter, his eldest, he would really have given up any thing, which he had not been very much tempted to do.

Persuasion by Jane Austen

Elizabeth had succeeded, at sixteen, to all that was possible, of her mother's rights and consequence; and being very handsome, and very like himself, her influence had always been great, and they had gone on together most happily. His two other children were of very inferior value. Mary had acquired a little artificial importance, by becoming Mrs Charles Musgrove; but Anne, with an elegance of mind and sweetness of character, which must have placed her high with any people of real understanding, was nobody with either father or sister; her word had no weight, her convenience was always to give way--she was only Anne.

To Lady Russell, indeed, she was a most dear and highly valued god-daughter, favourite, and friend. Lady Russell loved them all; but it was only in Anne that she could fancy the mother to revive again. Download Links for 'Persuasion': Categories All ebooks. About F. He is a cheerful man, who loves hunting, and easily endures his wife's faults.

Lady Russell — An old friend of the late Lady Elliot, and the godmother of Anne, of whom she is particularly fond. She is instrumental in Sir Walter's decision to leave Kellynch Hall and avoid financial crisis.

Years earlier, she persuaded Anne to turn down Captain Wentworth's proposal of marriage. She was the intimate friend of the mother, and has watched over the three sisters since their mother died.

She values social rank and finds in Anne the daughter most like her late friend. She aims to flatter Sir Walter into marriage, while her oblivious friend looks on. Captain Frederick Wentworth — A naval officer who proposed to Anne some eight years ago. At the time, he had no fortune and uncertain prospects, but owing to his achievements in the Napoleonic Wars , he advanced in rank and in fortunes. He is one of two brothers of Sophia Croft. He is an eminently eligible bachelor. In his naval career, he was a captain when he married, present at the major battle of Trafalgar in , then assigned in the east Indies, and holds the rank of rear admiral of the white.

She is 38 years old. She offers Anne an example of a strong-minded woman who has married for love instead of money and who has a good life married to a Navy man. Louisa Musgrove — Second sister of Charles Musgrove, Louisa, aged about 19, is a high-spirited young lady who has returned with her sister from school.

She likes Captain Wentworth and seeks his attention.

She is ultimately engaged to Captain Benwick, after recovering from her serious fall. Her brother Charles notices that she is less lively after suffering the concussion.

Henrietta Musgrove — Eldest sister of Charles Musgrove. Henrietta, aged about 20, is informally engaged to her cousin, Charles Hayter, but is nevertheless tempted by the more dashing Captain Wentworth. Once he returns home, she again connects with Hayter. Captain Harville — A friend of Captain Wentworth.

Wounded two years previously, he is slightly lame. Wentworth had not seen his friend since the time of that injury. Harville and his family are settled in nearby Lyme for the winter. His wife tends to Louisa, and the children come to stay with the Musgroves for the Christmas holiday. Benwick had been engaged to marry Captain Harville's sister Fanny, but she died while Benwick was at sea. He gained prize money as a lieutenant and not long after was promoted to commander thus called Captain.

Benwick's enjoyment of reading gives him a connection with Anne, as does her willingness to listen to him in his time of deep sadness. He might have enjoyed more time with her, before she returned to Lady Russell, but that did not occur. Benwick was with Louisa Musgrove the whole time of her recovery, at the end of which, they become engaged to marry. Mr William Elliot — A distant relation "great grandson of the second Sir Walter" when it is not stated from which Sir Walter the present one descends and the heir presumptive of Sir Walter.

Later revealed that, beneath his charming veneer, Mr Elliot is a cold, calculating opportunist, who later had led Mrs Smith's late husband into debt, to fuel his own expensive lifestyle. As executor to her husband's will, he takes no actions to improve her situation.

Mr Elliot became estranged from the family when he wed a woman of lower social rank for her fortune and actively insulted Sir Walter. He is a widower, and now has interest in the social value of the title that he will someday inherit. He mends the rupture to keep an eye on the ambitious Mrs Clay: If Sir Walter married her, William's inheritance would be endangered. When Mr Elliot sees Anne by chance, and then learns she is Sir Walter's daughter, his interest is piqued: if he could marry Anne his title and inheritance likely would be secured because her father would be less inclined to disinherit his daughter.

Rumours circulate in Bath that Anne and he are attached. Mrs Smith is a widow who suffers ill health and financial difficulties.

She keeps abreast of the doings of Bath society through news she gets from her nurse, Rooke, who tends the wife of a friend of William Elliot's.

Her financial problems could have been straightened out with assistance from William Elliot, her husband's friend and executor of his will, but Elliot would not exert himself, leaving her much impoverished. Wentworth eventually acts on her behalf. Lady Dalrymple — A viscountess , cousin to Sir Walter. She occupies an exalted position in society by virtue of wealth and rank. Sir Walter and Elizabeth are eager to be seen at Bath in the company of this great relation.

by Jane Austen

Publication history[ edit ] In a letter to her niece Fanny Knight in March , Austen wrote about Persuasion that she had a novel "which may appear about a twelvemonth hence. The first advertisement appeared on December 17, The Austen family retained copyright of the 1, copies, which sold rapidly. Development of the novel[ edit ] The Canadian scholar Sheila Johnson Kindred suggested parts of the novel were inspired by the career of Austen's brother, Charles Austen , a Royal Navy officer, as there are some similarities between the career of the real-life Captain Austen and the fictional Captain Wentworth: both began their careers in command of sloops in the North America station at about the same age; both were popular with their crews; both progressed to the command of frigates and both were keen to share their prize money with their crews, though Captain Wentworth ended up considerably richer as a result of his prize money than did Captain Austen.

Croft, who, like Fanny Austen, lived aboard naval vessels for a time; lived alternatively in Bermuda and Halifax , the two ports that hosted the Royal Navy's North America station; and crossed the Atlantic five times, though Mrs.

Croft was middle-aged in the novel while Fanny Austen was 15 when she married Captain Austen. Croft had followed her husband everywhere, despite the dangers. Certainly the idea of persuasion runs through the book, with vignettes within the story as variations on that theme. But there is no known source that documents what Austen intended to call her novel.

Whatever her intentions might have been, she spoke of it as The Elliots, according to family tradition, and some critics believe that is probably the title she planned for it.

Beer writes that for Austen and her readers, persuasion was indeed "fraught with moral dangers"; [7] :xv she notes particularly that Austen personally was appalled by what she came to regard as her own misguided advice to her beloved niece Fanny Knight on the very question of whether Fanny ought to accept a particular suitor, even though it would have meant a protracted engagement.

Beer writes: Jane Austen's anxieties about persuasion and responsibility are here passionately expressed.


She refuses to become part of the machinery with which Fanny is manoeuvering herself into forming the engagement. To be the stand-in motive for another's actions frightens her.


Yet Jane Austen cannot avoid the part of persuader, even as dissuader. Fanny ultimately rejected her suitor and after her aunt's death married someone else. Finally, Beer calls attention to "the novel's entire brooding on the power pressures, the seductions, and also the new pathways opened by persuasion".

Walton Litz in the essay titled "Persuasion: forms of estrangement," gives a concise summary of the various issues critics have raised with Persuasion as a novel. Critics have been concerned with the "personal" quality of the novel and the problems it poses for biographical interpretation; with the obvious unevenness in narrative structure; with the "poetic" use of landscape, and the hovering influence of Romantic poetry; with the pervasive presence of Anne Elliot's consciousness; with new effects in style and syntax; with the "modernity" of Anne Elliot, an isolated personality in a rapidly changing society.

The literary scholar Stuart Tave in his essay concerning the main character Anne Elliot in Persuasion concentrated on the melancholy qualities of her reality in her world after she turns away the original proposal of marriage from Captain Wentworth.

For Tave, Austen portrays Anne as a character with many admirable traits usually exceeding the quality of these traits as they are found in the other characters which surround her. Tave singles out Austen's portrayal of Anne at the end of the novel in her conversation with Captain Harville where the two of them discuss the relative virtues of gender and their advantages compared to one another, and Tave sees Anne as depicting a remarkable intelligence.

Tave quotes from Virginia Woolf in her book A Room of One's Own where Woolf states, "It was strange to think that all the great women of fiction were, until Jane Austen's day, not only seen by the other sex, but seen only in relation to the other sex. But they were all written by men.

The Psychology Of Persuasion

Persuasion is the story told by a woman. As Brown states: The coolness to the reader conveyed by Austen's narrative contrasts with an intensity of feeling for the characters in the story, particularly for the heroine.

The reason for this contradiction is that Anne Elliot is the central intelligence of the novel. Sir Walter is seen as Anne sees him, with resigned contempt. For the first time Jane Austen gives over the narrator's authority to a character almost completely, In Emma, many events and situations are seen from Emma's point of view, but the central intelligence lies somewhere between the narrator and the reader, who together see that Emma sees wrongly.

In Persuasion, Anne Elliot's feelings and evaluations correspond to those of the narrator in almost every situation, although there are several significant lapses It seems that this transfer of authority placed a strain on Jane Austen's accustomed narrative tendencies and that she could not maintain it completely. Litz, commenting on "the deeply physical impact of Persuasion", remarks that: "Mansfield Park is about the loss and return of principles, Emma about the loss and return of reason, Persuasion about the loss and return of 'bloom'.

But such summaries, even tentatively offered, only distort. The few brief nature scenes in Persuasion and they are brief out of all proportion to the commentary on them , the walk to Winthrop and the environs of Pinny and Lyme, are certainly described with sensibility and appreciation. And in Anne's mind they are just as certainly bound up with 'the sweets of poetical despondence'.

It is the first of Austen's novels to feature as the central character a woman who, by the standards of the time, is past the first bloom of youth. The British literacy critic Robert Irvine wrote about Persuasion that "It is in many ways a radical departure" from Austen's earlier novels.

Croft are not planning on buying an estate, being content to rent Kellynch Hall, and are described as taking better care of the estate than Sir Walter, whose family has owned Kellynch Hall for three generations.

He will rally again, and be happy with another". If I loved a man, as she loves the Admiral, I would be always with him, nothing should ever separate us, and I would rather be overturned by him, than driven safely by anybody else".

Elliot at one point: "My idea of good company, Mr.Croft are not planning on buying an estate, being content to rent Kellynch Hall, and are described as taking better care of the estate than Sir Walter, whose family has owned Kellynch Hall for three generations.

About F. Benwick had been engaged to marry Captain Harville's sister Fanny, but she died while Benwick was at sea.

He tells all he is ready to marry. Sense and Sensibility Jane Austen. Anne realises that Captain Wentworth has not yet forgiven her for letting herself be persuaded years ago. I had not thought seriously on this subject before. Publication history[ edit ] In a letter to her niece Fanny Knight in March , Austen wrote about Persuasion that she had a novel "which may appear about a twelvemonth hence.

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