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Electrical Transmission and Distribution Reference Book - Fourth Edition [ Westinghouse] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Fourth Edition. Page 1. Page 2. N. Type TD-4 Time Delay Relay. 2. Page 3. Type TD-4 Time Delay Relay. N. 3. Page 4. N. Type TD-4 Time Delay Relay. 4 . P. Type TD-5 Time Delay Relay. 2. DESIGN 1. Figure 1. Design 1 TD-5 Relay Front and Rear Views, Out of Case. (POTENTIOMETER). SCREW.

In fact, in the latter part of the 19th century when the six-day workweek was the rule, Westinghouse was one of the first employers to introduce the half-holiday on Saturday afternoon. In Canada, Paul J. Myler, President of the Canadian Westinghouse Company from to , continued the company tradition and became a sponsor of movements to better the lot of employees.

In , a lunchroom for office employees was established at the works. By , the company was providing cafeteria services for employees at both of the Hamilton plants. Tug-of-war at the company picnic — circa Through the years, the company has sponsored a variety of sports activities for employees. In , employees have the opportunity to participate in hockey, soccer and golf leagues.

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These transformers stepped down the ,volt power supply that was being transmitted miles from the Paugan Hydro-electric Dam on the Gatineau River, northeast of Hull, Quebec. Machining a waterwheel generator component — circa Cutaway view of a Westinghouse waterwheel generator.

Waterwheels were supplied by companies such as Dominion Engineering in Montreal and mated to the generator at site. In a hydro-electric power station, water from a dam travels through a penstock. As it flows past the waterwheel turbine blades, it causes them to spin.

The blades are attached to a shaft. The rotating shaft drives a generator to produce electricity. As the Depression dragged on, the wisdom of entering the appliance business was to be justified many times over.

This direct route to consumer spending helped keep the company afloat until when orders involving large apparatus began to pick up. The first electric ranges to be manufactured in Canada were produced in In , the first refrigerators, featuring 5. Families could purchase these large appliances on credit with consumer loans provided by the Westinghouse Acceptance Company. A variety of portable appliances were also offered for sale to the public. Some products were imported from Westinghouse in the U.

Important contributions by Westinghouse included lighting and electrical equipment to operate 11 of the 18 highway bridges that spanned the canal. Much of this electrical apparatus is still in use in By the end of , strongly affected by the Depression, the Canadian Westinghouse Company was suffering from an extremely low volume of orders. Lack of confidence in the economy, coupled with the reduced demand for power for industry, meant that the construction of new power plants ceased. This eliminated the demand for generating equipment.

As unemployment reached unheard of levels across Canada, consumer spending on radio receivers and gramophones also decreased. KDKA became the first commercial broadcasting station and, with the sale of radio receivers to the general public, a new industry was born. The Canadian operation first entered the radio business in with the manufacture of R-3, RA, Regenoflex and R radio sets.

These models were soon followed by the Aeriola Jr. Subsequent models of radios contained new circuits that provided greater sensitivity and selection between stations.

Silent sentinels; Westinghouse protective relays.

Short wave improved radio reception another step and, by , automatic tuning and push button radios were commonplace. Many pulp and paper mills were also established or expanded during this time.

Their demand for electrical apparatus contributed greatly to the output of the Hamilton works. Wendt, an employee of the Canadian Westinghouse Company.

These programs consisted of letters, news reports and information from employees, relatives and friends to the people whose lives were spent in small habitations, for the most part above the Arctic Circle.

These broadcasts were often the only communication the people of the far north would receive from the outside world for six months of the year. Photo signed: Wendt, With deep appreciation. Designed to Create Load Recognizing that it would likely be some time before the demand for new power plants returned, the company From the Westinghouse Store — s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 9 18 Pay-cuts were instituted and the work that was available was spread out over short shifts.

Unused factory equipment was preserved, ready to be brought back into service when sales improved. Mine hoists built by Canadian Westinghouse could bring ore from almost a mile underground to the surface at a speed of approximately 23 miles per hour.

Marie, Ontario — circa Canadian Westinghouse supplied a wide variety of products to support the war effort including 14 components for the Mosquito tactical bomber. Two 50,kilovolt ampere, ,volt forced oil-cooled transformers, the largest yet built in Canada, were manufactured and shipped. These standardized electric streetcars were designed to be quieter, faster, better lit and more reliable than previous models.

By the s, with in operation, Toronto had the largest fleet of PCC streetcars in the world.

The last car was withdrawn from active service in Toronto in December With so many men in the armed forces, large numbers of women stepped in to staff the Westinghouse factories in Canada and the United States. War Production Effort. War materiel produced included gun barrels, bomb racks, bomb sights, tail elevators for Mosquito bombers, torpedo engines, anti-aircraft guns, fuse-keeping clocks, radar equipment as well as a host of aircraft and naval components.

Electrical products included giant hydro generators, trans- formers and ignitron rectifiers for the Aluminum Company of Canada. This equipment made possible the large-scale production of aluminum needed for manufacturing aircraft components.

The Lamp-Tube Division, which had started as the Illumination Division in to supply street lighting, provided airport lighting, spotlights, beacon lights, headlights and electronic tubes for ocean-going vessels. In the midst of all this activity, the manufacture of fluorescent lamps began.

More than 1, Canadian Westinghouse Company employees went to war. Fifty-seven gave the ultimate sacrifice. Vertical pump motors for Toronto pumping station — circa Burlington Power Station circuit breakers — By , however, the country had entered a period of rapid expansion that would carry the company to never-before experienced levels of achievement. In total, between and , utility companies across Canada added more than two million horsepower of electrical generating capacity.

As a result, shipments of large waterwheel generators, transformers and other electrical apparatus from Canadian Westinghouse exceeded all previous records. Above the exhibit can be seen the new company logo that had been adopted in In , between 2, and 2, cheques were cashed each pay period at the Barton Street branch of the Bank of Montreal.

Prior to , wages were paid in cash. Installing the rotor of a waterwheel generator at the Rapides-des-Joachims powerhouse in Quebec — In the early s, switchgear and control manufacturing were moved from the Sanford Avenue plant to buildings at the Aberdeen Avenue facility.

This created a large increase in service work for the Sanford Avenue factory and service shops across Canada. The real benefit of this standardization program was only realized 20 years later when Ontario Hydro was able to join together all of the power distribution systems in the province in one synchronized provincial electrical grid in With the goal of accommodating the increased workload, space at the Sanford Avenue plant was increased through a number of facility changes.

In , a large manufacturing complex for electric motors, naval auxiliary turbines, rectifiers, circuit breakers and small power transformers was completed on Beach Road. Growth of the electronics business was reflected in the building of a major facility on Longwood Road the following year. The completion of these construction projects marked the last of the principal expansions in the Hamilton area. This exciting new product was introduced with much fanfare at the Canadian National Exhibition in Toronto.

Regular production of a television set with a black-and-white, inch picture tube started in In an innovative move, Westinghouse maximized sales of its household appliances by advertising during broadcasts of Westinghouse productions.

The first broadcast of the critically acclaimed Studio One live dramatic series premiered in and ran for nearly 10 years.

Betty Furness, who appeared as an actress in an early episode of Studio One, was hired to promote Westinghouse products during live commercials. Windows were placed high up on each floor in order to provide room below for stacks of products.

In later years, the Westinghouse employee store, stocked with major appliances, consumer products and electrical apparatus, was located on the ground floor. Over time, the top three floors were gradually converted to office space.

After ending her affiliation with Westinghouse in , she went on to become the Special Assistant for Consumer Affairs for the Lyndon B. Expanding Into International Markets Recognizing that the post-war boom could not last forever, the company wisely started to explore other markets, particularly those in the British Commonwealth. In , the Canadian Westinghouse International Company was formed for the express purpose of marketing the products of Canadian Westinghouse to other countries.

This venture turned out to be a very successful one. Ten years later, the organization reported that it had done business in 50 different countries and had taken part in major utility, industrial and defence projects in Brazil, New Zealand, Venezuela, Sweden, Bolivia and France.

In addition to incandescent light bulbs, fluorescent tubes and mercury vapour lamps, the Lamp and Lighting Division produced germ-destroying Steri-lamps, Bug-a-way outdoor lamps, Odour-out-lamps, sunlamps, Christmas tree lights, as well as miniature bulbs for flashlights and photoflashes — Residential Power Consumption Soars In the years following World War II, two major factors were to drive a dramatic increase in residential power consumption.

First, the electrification of rural areas of Canada added large numbers of new users. Secondly, as soldiers returned and settled down to domestic life, large numbers of new households were created.

Babies started to be born at a rapid rate, triggering an increase in new home construction to accommodate the expanding families. The resulting increase in the number of homes in Canada not only fed the demand for power, but also sparked a boom market in the appliance industry. For Canadian Westinghouse, after having to curtail production of household appliances in order to concentrate on the war effort, the pent-up and new demand for these products was so great, the company was unable to keep up.

In response, in , capacity was greatly increased with the purchase of the gun factory on Longwood Road that Westinghouse had built and operated for the government during the war. Most appliance production activities were consolidated in this location and, in , the building was doubled in length.

The first black-and-white televisions came off the line in Television manufacturing at the West Plant — circa This was followed by the first electric clothes dryers in and dishwashers in the lates. Female employees were allowed a minute rest period during each half of the normal working day.

There was no mention of a rest period for male employees. Paid specified holidays included: With regard to vacations, all employees were entitled to one week of paid vacation each year provided they had completed one year of service.

Employees with 10 years of service were entitled to two weeks of paid vacation each year. Workers at many other Hamilton industries were on strike at the same time. The ensuing Collective Agreement of states that the basic starting hourly rate for male employees was 85 cents, for female employees 65 cents and for a boy employee 73 cents until they reached the age of 18 and one-quarter.

Assembling air brakes — As early as , individual employees in the Foundry Department went on strike. In addition to demanding more pay, these workers wanted to be granted the right to be represented by a union committee that would regulate piecework prices and shop conditions. In , 84 Canadian Westinghouse employees walked off the job as part of a general strike of machinists and toolmakers in the Hamilton area. Hours of work seemed to be the main issue. At this time, employees at most manufacturing companies worked a hour week 10 hours a day, five days a week and five hours on Saturday.

In , various labour organizations agitated to have manufacturing companies in the Hamilton area reduce the workweek to 44 hours. At Canadian Westinghouse, after a conference with employees, the workweek was reduced from 55 hours a week to 48 hours a week.

Although some employees were unhappy with the resulting cut in wages, these hours remained standard until the Depression of the s when hours were cut back dramatically in order to spread the work out over as many employees as possible. Three were receiving 51 cents and another 60 cents. No payment for statutory holidays. That was the beginning of UE Local All employees were eligible to join and membership fees were 25 cents per month.

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On April 18, , a vote was conducted and the United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers of America became the bargaining agent for the hourly rated employees at the Hamilton plants of Westinghouse. The UE was certified on June 16, The first Collective Agreement was signed on July 14, and would remain in place for one year. This page agreement contained 17 Articles, some of which covered: Hand winding the electrical elements in toasters was just one of the many tasks performed by the employees of the small appliance and radio manufacturing and repair area that was located on the second floor of P-building in the early s.

The Collective Agreement reduced the workweek to The next contract, signed in , reduced the workweek to 40 hours. The following list of departments and steward representation as defined in the Collective Agreement provides some insight regarding the relative sizes of the areas of business: Assembling an ignitron rectifier — Micarta, a plastic insulating material, was produced by heating and compressing resin impregnated paper — Badge Until the late s, instead of an I.

Employees were required to show their check to the watchman to gain entrance into the plant.

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When they arrived at their department, employees hung their check on a rack and punched in. When the whistle blew to signal the start of the shift, the timekeeper closed a window over the checks and filled in the attendance cards.

As development challenges mounted, the larger J34 derivatives, the J40 and J46 with a target of 9, pounds of thrust , were produced in modest numbers. Lastly the experimental J54 at 6, pounds of thrust looked very promising; however, no orders resulted. Westinghouse jet engines were credited with several major firsts including the first use of cast turbine airfoils, specialized superalloys and afterburners.

Overall, Westinghouse supplied engines for approximately 1, U. Navy jets from its base of operations in Kansas City before discontinuing this business in Many engineers from the Kansas City jet engine plant went on to work on gas turbines in the Lester, Pennsylvania plant. Westinghouse and its licencees produced a total of 4, jet engines of all models.

Refurbished vintage Westinghouse jet engines are still being used today in jet car and truck racing. With the war raging in Europe, the U. Navy awarded a development contract to Westinghouse Electric Corporation in December which resulted in the first U. The engine had an axial compressor, an annular combustor, a turbine and a jet exhaust nozzle.

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Are you aware of a website that I could purchase that book also? After signing up I would suggest typing the words: Sounds like there is some control but how it works would be intersting to know. How can you determine the location of the server?? One BIG note that I thought of and would also suggest to support the purchase of the book through the ABB site that dpc has posted, is the prospect of the pdf file having a virus on it.

I researched a little about pdf viruses. To my limited knowledge, at this point, the pdf virus es only pop-up when using Adobe Acrobat. The free downloadable Reader version doesn't have a feature needed for the virus to activate itself.

That may not hold true in the near future, but I thought I'd mention it to all and the possibility of having your computer and others you know thru email addresses infected.

Anyone who is thinking of downloading anything and doesn't want a load of crap in their inbox: Try Areva Web site. It is Free. Right, but the Areva book is not the same as the ABB book. Red Flag This Post Please let us know here why this post is inappropriate. Reasons such as off-topic, duplicates, flames, illegal, vulgar, or students posting their homework. Aerospace manufacturing has always been on the cutting edge, from materials to production techniques. However, these two aspects of aerospace machining can conflict, as manufacturers strive to maintain machining efficiency with new materials by using new methods and cutting tools.

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