POPULATION OF INDIA PDF
Size, Growth Rate and Distribution of Population. PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS INDIA Map 5. Population, (States/Union Territories). 1, CENSUS OF INDIA Provisional. Population. Totals. Paper 2, Volume 1 of Rural-Urban Distribution. INDIA Series 1. GUU. Lat. Dr. C. Chandramouli. POPULATION. Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition. The people are very important component of a country. India is the second most populous.
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and in what direction. Table I below gives three differ- ent estimates for the population of. India (excluding Jammu and Kash- mir and the Tribal Areas of Assam). The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population .. "National population register; Household Schedule" (PDF). Government of. India is the second most populated country in the world with nearly a fifth of the world's population. According to the revision of the World Population Prospects, the population stood at 1,,, During – the population doubled to billion. The Indian population reached the billion mark in myavr.info; ^ ".
The ability to sequence and study DNA by calibrating the rate of accumulation of changes with evolutionary time has enabled robust inferences about how humans have evolved.
These data indicate that modern humans evolved in Africa about , years ago and, consistent with paleontological evidence, migrated out of Africa. And through a series of settlements, demographic expansions, and further migrations, they populated the entire world.
One of the first waves of migration from Africa was into India. Subsequent, more recent, waves of migration from other parts of the world have resulted in India being a genetic melting pot.
Contemporary India has a rich tapestry of cultures and ecologies. There are about tribal groups and more than groups of castes and subcastes, speaking dialects of 22 recognized languages belonging to four major language families.
A Genomic View of the Peopling and Population Structure of India
The contemporary social structure of Indian populations is characterized by endogamy with different degrees of porosity.
The social structure, possibly coupled with large ecological heterogeneity, has resulted in considerable genetic diversity and local genetic differences within India.
In this essay, we provide genetic evidence of how India may have been peopled, the nature and extent of its genetic diversity, and genetic structure among the extant populations of India.
Central to this development has been the ability to study the genetic material of organisms, DNA. Scientists can extract DNA from microbes, plants, animals, and humans, including their fossilized remains. We can sequence DNA and extract valuable information from their sequences about the evolutionary past.
Age Group-wise Percentage of Population (1971-2016)
Considerable human DNA sequence data have been obtained to date. These have been used to study our diversity and investigate how humans who reside in different geographical regions, or belong to distinct cultural groups, are genetically related. This is zoology and anthropology at the molecular level, and then the biologist turns into an historian.
This tiny fraction contains very rich information pertaining to our origins and diversity. Normally, only a fraction of the genetic variation of a large population of individuals is represented in a subset of those individuals. In other words, any subset of individuals of a larger set is genetically more homogeneous than the larger set.
Residents of a restricted geographical region are usually descendants of a small ancestral group and, therefore, often have limited genetic variation among them.
However, genetic variation between two ancestral groups is larger.
Demographics of India
Thus, descendants of a single ancestral group are genetically more similar than descendants from different ancestral groups. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with roughly million people.
India is the homeland of major belief systems such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism, while also being home to several indigenous faiths and tribal religions which have survived the influence of major religions for centuries. Ever since its inception, the Census of India has been collecting and publishing information about the religious affiliations as expressed by the people of India.
In fact, population census has the rare distinction of being the only instrument that collects this diverse and important characteristic of the Indian population. According to the Census of India, there are 57, Parsis in India.
Among the ORP faiths, six faiths- 4. Hindi is the most widely spoken language in northern parts of India. The Indian census takes the widest possible definition of "Hindi" as a broad variety of " Hindi languages ".
The census report on bilingualism and trilingualism , which provides data on the two languages in order of preference in which a person is proficient other than the mother tongue, was released in September Any one above age 7 who can read and write in any language with an ability to understand was considered a literate.
In censuses before , children below the age 5 were treated as illiterates. The literacy rate taking the entire population into account is termed as "crude literacy rate", and taking the population from age 7 and above into account is termed as "effective literacy rate".
Effective literacy rate increased to a total of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Languages of India. India portal. Press Information Bureau, Government of India.
Demographics of India
Indian Express. Retrieved 24 July The Times Of India. Is it necessary? Survey — The Times of India". K dew The Hindu.
Chennai, India. Retrieved 16 April Government of India.
Retrieved 22 January Retrieved 1 April Yahoo news. Archived from the original on 1 April Retrieved 30 April Census Organisation of India.
Archived from the original on 8 January Retrieved 1 January We are the second most populous nation in the world at 1. Census Organization of India. Census report". A clear North-South divide portrays some differences in the respective stages of demographic transition.
At all India level, it was as high as Clearly, this section of work force is either under-utilized or yet to be utilized. The states were at different stages of demographic transition,in terms of fertility and mortality indicators besides the inter-state variation in such proportion of working age population. This suggests lack of work opportunities to the limited proportion of working age people. It would prune the proportion of child population with an equal increase in the working-age population.
Conclusion Indian population has not declined at the expected rate. It is evident from the two revisions of projected population by the UN justifying India to surpass China by revision , six years earlier revision Though, this has dragged the country behind by a few more years, it has allowed some time to prepare for harnessing the demographic dividend. The future population pyramids of India depict a significant change in its age structure within a very short period of time.
By , the population in the working-age as well as the elderly will significantly increase. The challenges for the country ahead are creating enough employment opportunities and infrastructure needed for geriatric health care.
By , the population pyramid of India will be heavy at the top, meaning some significant increase in the median age and the concentration of population will be in the upper age-groups. By this time, the demographic window of opportunity will completely cease to exist.
It would really be challenging to address population growth as well as ensuring decent quality of life by providing enough employment opportunity to the working-age population. The states are at different stages of population transition.
OUR DNA IS A PALIMPSEST OF OUR HISTORY
It calls for the policy makers ratify people-friendly policies, when the population will take care of itself. Reference 1.
Aiyar, S. IMF Working Paper. No Washington D. Basu, K. BBC News Online. Bauer, J. Demographic change, development, and the economic status of women in East Asia, in A. Birdsall, N. Kelley and S. Oxford University Press 5. Bloom, D. Canning, G. Fink and J.
Program on the Global Demography of Aging. Harvard University. Canning, and P. Demographic Change and Economic Growth in Asia. Population and Development Review;Vol.
Geography, Demography and Economic Growth in Africa. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Vol.
Coale, A. Dyson T. Bideau, B.Further complexity is lent by the great variation that occurs across this population on social parameters such as income and education. The Census figures appear somewhat closer to what was projected by the UN. While India 's population growth has slowed remarkably over the last few years, it's still growing faster than China and is expected to surpass China in population by , when both will have about 1.
The data is "unadjusted" without excluding Assam and Jammu and Kashmir ; the census was not conducted in Assam and the census was not conducted in Jammu and Kashmir. February This phase is characterized by significantly low death rate and but comparatively higher birth rates. Largest Cities in India India's largest city is Mumbai, with a population of
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