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LETTER FROM BIRMINGHAM JAIL PDF

Monday, July 15, 2019


From the Birmingham jail, where he was imprisoned as a participant in Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote in longhand the letter which follows. “Letter from Birmingham Jail”. 16 April My Dear Fellow Clergymen: While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement. From the Birmingham jail, where he was imprisoned as a participant in nonviolent Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote in longhand the letter which follows. It was his.


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Martin Luther King. Letter from Birmingham Jail (). [Abridged]. April 16, . My Dear Fellow Clergymen,. While confined here in the Birmingham City Jail. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter From Birmingham Jail. 1 19 Martin Luther King ftr. Read MLK's Letter from Birmingham Jail (PDF). While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my. 2. present activities "unwise and untimely." Seldom do I pause to.

You spoke of our activity in Birmingham as extreme.

At first I was rather disappointed that fellow clergymen would see my nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist. I started thinking about the fact that I stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community. The other force is one of bitterness and hatred and comes perilously close to advocating violence.

This movement is nourished by the contemporary frustration over the continued existence of racial discrimination. He has to get them out.

King: “Letter from Birmingham Jail”

So let him march sometime; let him have his prayer pilgrimages to the city hall; understand why he must have sit-ins and freedom rides. If his repressed emotions do not come out in these nonviolent ways, they will come out in ominous expressions of violence. This is not a threat; it is a fact of history.

In spite of my shattered dreams of the past, I came to Birmingham with the hope that the white religious leadership in the community would see the justice of our cause and, with deep moral concern, serve as the channel through which our just grievances could get to the power structure.

I had hoped that each of you would understand.

But again I have been disappointed. I have heard numerous religious leaders of the South call upon their worshippers to comply with a desegregation decision because it is the law, but I have longed to hear white ministers say follow this decree because integration is morally right and the Negro is your brother.

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In the midst of blatant injustices inflicted upon the Negro, I have watched white churches stand on the sideline and merely mouth pious irrelevancies and sanctimonious trivialities.

I hope this letter finds you strong in the faith.

I also hope that circumstances will soon make it possible for me to meet each of you, not as an integrationist or a civil rights leader, but as a fellow clergyman and a Christian brother. Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear-drenched communities and in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with all of their scintillating beauty.

Altogether, King's letter was a powerful defense of the motivations, tactics, and goals of the Birmingham campaign and the Civil Rights Movement more generally.

King began the letter by responding to the criticism that he and his fellow activists were "outsiders" causing trouble in the streets of Birmingham. To this, King referred to his responsibility as the leader of the SCLC, which had numerous affiliated organizations throughout the South.

We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly Anyone who lives inside the United States can never be considered an outsider anywhere within its bounds. To this, King confirmed that he and his fellow demonstrators were indeed using nonviolent direct action in order to create "constructive" tension.

Citing previous failed negotiations, King wrote that the black community was left with "no alternative. In response, King said that recent decisions by the SCLC to delay its efforts for tactical reasons showed they were behaving responsibly.

He also referred to the broader scope of history, when "'Wait' has almost always meant 'Never. I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.

I would agree with St.

Letter From Birmingham City Jail (Excerpts)

The dire consequences of their nonviolent protests are an integral part of the movement towards justice, as the protesters respond patiently to the attacks by authorities upholding an unjust law. It is this willingness to sacrifice for the sake of progress and a future they may never see that reinforces the justice of their actions.

Near the end of his letter, King calls into question the justice of the police work in Birmingham. White leaders had praised the police for their work maintaining order and preventing violence amidst the protests, but King presents a very different perspective on the role of the police in the Birmingham protests. King denounces the violence with which the police have treated the protesters, including physically harming black women and children, turning their dogs on unarmed protesters, and withholding food from black prisoners.

In public, however, the police seem to have avoided outright violence and maintained a sense of calm throughout the protests.

Letter from Birmingham Jail PDF Summary

King is aware of his status as a man who has been imprisoned unjustly, and defends the morality and overall patriotism of his actions. While he freely acknowledges the illegality of his actions, he argues that his form of nonviolent resistance is the best way to bring about change and racial justice.King was met with unusually harsh conditions in the Birmingham jail.

Then obeying them makes you a lawless person. Indeed, this is the very purpose of direct action. King was, and still is, a great source of inspiration not only for the African Americans, but also for everyone who seeks justice and equality. This creative tension seeks "to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored.

Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter From Birmingham Jail

This stand causes the loss of many Egyptians' support of the right cause of the Christian minority in their struggle against discrimination. On April 4, , King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city. Segregation laws are therefore unjust, as they do not correspond to the law of God.

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