XML DOM TUTORIAL PDF
This tutorial will teach you the basics of XML DOM. The tutorial is divided into sections such as XML DOM Basics, XML DOM Operations and XML DOM Objects . XML DOM Tutorial in PDF - Learn XML DOM (Document Object Model) in simple and easy steps starting from basic to advanced concepts with examples. XML DOM Tutorial for Beginners - Learn XML DOM (Document Object Model) in simple and PDF Version This tutorial will teach you the basics of XML DOM.
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The HTML DOM defines a standard way for accessing and manipulating HTML documents. It presents an HTML document as a tree-structure. The XML DOM. DOM represents each node of the XML tree as an object with properties and behavior for processing the XML. The root of the tree is a Document object. (PostScript, PDF file, plain text, ZIP file). Latest version: defining extended interfaces for representing an XML document. These extended.
Next up you should decide whether to give it some color. The default text color for a page is defined in the body selector, but each selector can have its own color.
All of these properties can also be set with the shorthand property font. It is also possible to style the vertical alignment of text in an inline box with the vertical-align property. The value baseline is the default, sub and super align the baseline of the element with the subscript-baseline or superscript-baseline of its parent respectively. The text-top and text-bottom values align the top of the element with the top or bottom of the parent's font, while middle aligns the middle of the element with the baseline plus half the x-height of the parent.
In order to determine how compact the text should be displayed, the letter-spacing can be used. Alternatively, the property font-stretch might be used, but note that it does not change the geometry of any arbitrary font by stretching or shrinking it - instead, it merely instructs Prince to choose the most appropriate face of the font, if the selected font offers several ones.
Also note that this property is not supported for system fonts on Windows. In a similar fashion, the property word-spacing can be used to determine the distance between words. The directionality of the text is controlled through the Writing Mode. Paragraph formatting Now that you have decided on the basic properties of the text, you can turn your attention to styling the paragraphs. The text-align property is used to control how text is aligned within its containing box, while the text-indent property determines the indentation of the first line of text in the element.
If the text-align property has a value of left, right or center, the text will be aligned to the left, right or center respectively.
The justify value instructs Prince to justify text. It is not uncommon, in printed texts, to align text based on whether the text appears on a left or right page.
To support this, two new keywords are added to the text-align property: inside is the same as 'left' on right pages and 'right' on left pages, and outside is the same as 'right' on left pages and 'left' on right pages. Prince adds the property prince-text-justify to define how to treat justified text for CJK languages. The value prince-cjk allows space to be inserted between CJK characters when justifying even if there aren't any space characters.
The last line of an element can receive its own alignment style with the text-align-last property. It takes the same values as text-align. The selector ::first-letter is useful for this purpose. In the following example we are selecting the first letter of the first paragraph, which gets styled much bigger than the normal text, and gets floated to the left.
Document Object Model (DOM)
The normal text is wrapping around this first large letter. The property line-height can be used to determine the height of text lines. The property line-stacking-strategy allows to choose whether individual lines should have their height determined based on their content, or whether all lines in a paragraph should have the same height, or a compromise where their heights are determined by their content and then rounded up to a multiple of the paragraph line height.
In order to lay out text in a well-balanced way, it might at times be necessary to hyphenate some words - to enable hyphenation, the hyphens property is used. For details please refer to the section on Hyphenation. Prince also allows for line-breaking in certain situations even in the absence of whitespace - for example, after slashes in long URLs.
This behavior can be disabled with the prince-linebreak-magic property for situations in which more precise control over line-breaking is preferred. The property overflow-wrap controls wrapping behavior of last resort: whether it is better for a word to overflow its container, or to be broken at an arbitrary point subject to white-space , and not splitting within a grapheme cluster , without adding a hyphen.
Prince does not support the value break-word of the property word-break to achieve a similar effect.
Use the value break-all of word-break , or the property overflow-wrap with the value break-word instead. Writing Mode A writing mode describes the directionality of a script, i. To control the rendering of the text, a couple of CSS properties can be used: the direction property defines the inline direction of the script, that is left-to-right like e.
Latin or Indic scripts or right-to-left like e. Arabic and Hebrew scripts. The writing-mode property, on the other hand, describes the block direction of the script, namely whether the text should be laid out horizontally, top-to-bottom like e.
Latin or Arabic scripts , or vertically, right-to-left like e. Chinese scripts. The default value is horizontal-tb, which means horizontal, top-to-bottom. Prince sets the PDF direction based on the direction and writing mode of the document root element to support right-to-left books. Changing the writing mode of a document, that is, the inline or block direction, not only changes the direction of the script, but also affects several other aspects of the printed document.
The page selector pseudo-classes :recto and :verso see Selecting pages are relative to the direction of the script. In a left-to-right script, :recto is the right-hand side of a spread, and :verso is the left-hand side, while in a right-to-left script these values are inverted: :recto defines the left-hand side of a spread, and :verso defines the right-hand side.
See also Selecting pages. Columns change their orientation when the writing mode is changed - writing-mode vertical-rl arranges the columns horizontally, top-to-bottom. This can be used to rotate content - see Printing wide content sideways and Rotating content in table cells.
Their margin , border , padding and background can all be styled. Margin At the very outside of the box are the margins.
Each margin's size can be set individualy with the properties margin-top , margin-bottom , margin-left and margin-right , or you can use the shorthand property margin to specify all four margins together.
The syntax of the shorthand property is: margin : top right bottom left If there are only: three values: then the left margin is set equal to the right margin; two values: then the left margin is set equal to the right margin, and the bottom margin is set equal to the top margin; one value: then all margins are made equal.
Prince expands the margin properties with margin-inside and margin-outside , defining the margin respectively on the inside or outside of a spread: inside is on the right when used on a left-facing page, and on left on a right-facing page; outside is on the left when used on a left-facing page, and on the right on a right-facing page.
Always keep in mind that margin-top and margin-bottom of blocks are combined i. The notable exception is the behavior of margins in Flex Layout. Border The border of a box can be styled with several border properties.
The borders can either be individually styled with border-top , border-right , border-bottom and border-left , or the shorthand property border can be used to style all four borders of the box in the same way. To style the borders, the border-color , border-style and border-width properties can be used.
For each of them, also top, right, bottom and left variants are available to style each border separately.
The property border-radius property can be used for styling rounded corners. The border-clip property splits the borders into parts along the border edge - the first part is visible, the second one is invisible, the third part is visible, etc.
Padding The property padding defines the padding inside the box model. Finance Skills. All Courses.
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XML DOM Tutorial in PDF
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The nodes of every document are organized in a tree structure , called the DOM tree, with the topmost node named as "Document object". The following screenshot gives you some idea of how interfaces can be grouped together for testing. Prince adds the property prince-text-justify to define how to treat justified text for CJK languages.
Figure 0. Each font family is defined using a font-face rule, which maps a font family to an actual font either by name or by filename.