KHILAFAT MOVEMENT PDF
This title addresses the Khilafat Movement in India, a pan-Islamic, political protest campaign launched by Muslims of India to influence the British government. 4 Gail Minault, The Khilafat Movement: A Study of Indian Muslim Leadership: . 14 Shan Muhammad, Freedom Movement in India: The Role of Ali Brothers. The Khilafat Movement By Rai Farhatullah Dated: April 16, Contents: Introduction Background Importance ESTABLISHMENT OF ALL-INDIA.
|Language:||English, Spanish, French|
|ePub File Size:||28.89 MB|
|PDF File Size:||12.46 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Regsitration Required]|
Khilafat movement; Paper topic discussion; Reading discussion. Country http:// myavr.info The Khilafat movement, also known as the Indian Muslim movement (–24), was a . Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. The Khilafat movement was an agitation by Indian Muslims, allied with Indian nationalists, to pressure the British government to preserve the.
Thousands of families sold out their properties for a tenth of their value and hastily left for Afghanistan, in August As many as eighteen thousand people marched towards Afghanistan, which was unable to bear the influx of the people. Thus, the Afghan authorities closed their frontiers.
Eventually the Muhajarins had to return to their homes. A great number of old man, women and children died on their way during returning to homes and those who luckily reach alive their former places.
They found themselves homeless and penniless. In fact they faced great difficulties. Even the preachers of Khilafat Movement realized the fact. In January , nearly three thousands students of various colleges and schools boycotted their classes and a number of teachers most of them were Muslims tendered their resignation.
The Movement became so powerful that the Government was obliged to pay attention to the problem. A delegation under has leadership visited London and discussed the sentiment of Muslims but the delegation also returned unsuccessfully.
The Khilafat Movement came to an end when thousands of Indians were put behind the bar. The leaders in spite of their best efforts could not maintain the Hindu-Muslim Unity. One of the main reasons which caused a death blow to Khilafat Movement was the indirect announcement of Gandhi to discontinue the Non Co-operation Movement. Gandhi used an incident of arson on February , when a violent mob set on fire a police choki at Chora Churi at district Gorakpur, burning twenty one constables to death as an excuse to call off the non-cooperation movement.
It adversely affected the Khilafat Movement which thought to be integral part of movement. In , Kamal Ataturk set up a government on democratic basis in Turkey by abolishing Khilafat as a system of government which served a finishing blow to Khilafat Movement in India and people had lost whatever interest that they had in the movement. Failure of the Movement: 1.
The abolition of Khilafat by Kamal Ataturk was a serious blow on Khilafat movement in the sub-continent and he exiled Sultan Abdul Majeed, a helpless Caliph and abolished Khilafat as an institution, due to this all agitational activities came to an end in the Sub-continent.
A large number of Muslims migrated from Sindh and N. P to Afghanistan.
The Afghan authorities did not allow them to cross the border. After this tragic event those who had advocated the Hijrat movement come to realize their mistake which resulted in failure of movement. Dyer said before the commission that he came to know about the meeting at the Jallianwala Bagh at He stated that he had gone to the Bagh with the deliberate intention of opening fire if he found a crowd assembled there. Dyer said he would have used his machine guns if he could have got them into the enclosure, but these were mounted on armored cars.
He said he did not stop the shooting when the crowd began to disperse because he thought it was his duty to keep shooting until the crowd dispersed, and that a little shooting would not do any good. In fact he continued the shooting till the ammunition was almost exhausted.
He stated that he did not make any effort to tend to the wounded after the shooting: It was not my job.
Hospitals were open and they could have gone there. However, he was finally found guilty of a mistaken notion of duty and relieved of his command.
Jallianwala Bagh incident is considered one of the great tragedies in India. It is during this period that the British imposed martial law in Amritsar and certain other cities of the province of Punjab including Lahore, Gujranwala and a couple of other cities martial law was imposed.
So this Jallianwala Bagh incident also mobilized congress and other groups to move ahead and to pull their resources and to challenge the authority of the British govt.
Non-Cooperation Movement: The non-cooperation movement was launched formally on 1 August, , the day on which Lokamanya Tilak breathed his last. The Congress gave a call to the people to: Besides the above-mentioned measures of non-cooperation with the government, it was decided to establish native educational institutions and native arbitration centres all over India and also to establish harmonious relations between the Hindus and the Muslims. In , the movement continued with unabated zeal by the participation of masses.
The Swadeshi concept became a household word and Khadi became a symbol of freedom. When Prince of Wales visited India in , a successful hartal was organized against his visit. On 5 February , police station of Chaura, near Gorakhpur in UP was attacked by a mob of peasants. The mob burnt the police station and in those nearly 22 policemen died.
This violent event disturbed the soul of Gandhi and he ordered for the immediate suspension of the programme. Though many leaders were very unhappy with the decision of Gandhi, they accepted the decision in good faith.
The non-cooperation movement definitely awakened tremendous national awareness for freedom and success-fully erased the fear psychosis from the minds of the Indians and the movement thus inspired the people to be ready for further sacrifices and future struggles with confidence and hope. Discussing the impact and significance of the non-cooperation movement.
Anil Seal concludes: Sumit Sarkar writes: Sumit Sarkar further continues: From January to March , the central emphasis was on students and lawyers giving up practice. Desai writes: He inspired his countrymen with a tradition to suffer in the case of their country. The abrupt suspension of non-cooperation movement led to a great divide among the Congress as pro-changers and no changers. The visit of Simon in was boycotted and was greeted with black flags.
In , the then Viceroy Lord Irvin declared that dominion status would be accorded to India in stages as its ultimate goal. As this proposal was not acceptable to the Congress, in its Lahore session of , the Indian National Congress demanded Purnaswaraj or complete independence as its ultimate goal.
As the British government adopted adamant attitude towards the aspirations of the people, the Indian National Congress under the direction of Gandhi started civil disobedience movement. A Khilafat Conference was held in Karachi in July and in this session the participants were predominantly Muslims expressed their loyalty to Khilafat and the Turkish Sultan which by that time had been disposed by its territory by the allied powers the British and the others and they had also decided to keep the movement going on.
By that time Ataturk was emerging as a leader and he was taking steps to expel the foreign forces from Turkey and it was very early stage but nevertheless they welcomed the.
KHILAFAT MOVEMENT (1919-1923)
That and they thought that it is something new that needs to be encouraged and needs to be endorsed. Hijrat Movement When Khilafat movement was at its peak, in the meantime a voice arose from Lucknow declaring the India sub-continent as Dar-ul-Harb home of war , urging the Muslims to migrate from their homeland on the plea of few Ulama of India as a result of their inability to compete against the aggressive steps of the British, they ought to go somewhere else.
Chaudhari writes: Giving importance to the announcement of Ulema most of the Muslims decided to migrate to the nearest Muslim country Afghanistan, which was thought a suitable for their shelter.
Muslims of the Indian sub-continent were unable to spend their life according to teachings of Islam and Islamic culture under British rule. Hijrat movement was considered such an important virtue that the Muslims were not even made to hear a minor word in opposition of the movement and it became so dominant that even Non-cooperation Movement paled before it.
Muslims sold their property and headed for Kabul. This group of Muslims received an enthusiastic reception at every train station it passed; this enhanced the vigor for migration amongst the Muslims of Punjab. The movement spread out to the Frontier province and locals became more active to surpass other in this sacred cause.
The movement was undertaken as religious significance. The rural areas of N. P province such as Peshawar and Mardan were the worst affected areas. The local Hindus motivated Muslims for migration and started buying their land and cattle at throw-away price. A land worth of ten thousand was sold for one hundred and a Bull worth of two hundred was sold for forty rupees only. The carvans of emigrants who were moving towards Afghanistan via Peshawar and Khyber Pass were brought up and nourished by the locals.
A proper setup was made for their hospitality, donations from locals and dedicated their time and energy for the help of refuges.
A Sarai at Namak Mandi Peshawar was reserved for the stay and hospitalization of the emigrants. Majority of Muslims leaders from N. P were in the favour of Hijrat movement including, Abdul Ghaffar khan, Abbas khan, Muhammad Akbar khan and Ali Gul khan and they themselves migrated to Afghanistan with common refuges. The migration took place at a large scale, a very large number of people majorly from lower class of society, the common people, the poor people left from India to Afghanistan.
The emigrants carried out their journey on foot and carts because sources of transportation were not that mush developed at that time. In the beginning the Afghanistan government welcomed Indian Muslims and King Amanullah ruler of Afghanistan appointed Muhammad Iqbal Shedai as his minister for refuges. Afghan government later on closed down their frontiers when they found flood of refugees were coming would be too difficult for them to handle.
Even those who have managed to enter successfully were spending miserable life and disgusted because Afghanistan was a poor country and facing many internal problems.
The refugees came across so many hardships and soon they were force to take a journey back home. Some of the refugees went to Soviet Union and Europe. Hijrat movement was an emotional and ill advised movement and it had no potential to have constructive result. Hijrat movement ended in misery for the Muslims because it was unplanned and was based on the emotions and had not taken into account the realities of Afghanistan.
It was an unwise act of Muslims of Sub-continent lost their lives, home, crops and cattle. It was act of serious blunder of Muslims not looking into consequences and made them from poor to poorer. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero. Punjab University. The Khilafat Movement. Uploaded By asadkhan History Notes Khilafat Movement Q1. Why was the Khilafat Movement founded?
With the Turkish Empire being defeated at the end of World War I, Muslims all over the world were concerned with how Turkey would be treated.
The main reason for this concern was that Turkey was the home of Khilafat.After this tragic event those who had advocated the Hijrat movement come to realize their mistake which resulted in failure of movement. It meant that not at this stage but at the later stage hey may also launch the Non-cooperation movement. Abd al-Bari was not only a preeminent 'alim and a leading Pir of British India, he was also the theoretician of the Khilafat movement.
The titles like Khalifatul Allah and Khalifatul Muslimeen who enjoys universal Muslim loyalty strengthened him immensely by giving him religious authority over the Muslims. K Gandhi.
The programme started with boycott of legislative councils, government schools, colleges and foreign goods. However with the passage of time violence entered this non cooperation there was an increase in violence day by day and the Chorachori Incident UP in February worsened the situation. The movement also strengthened the unity between the Hindus and the Muslims.
- ENGLISH BOLNA SIKHE BOOK
- CONVERT TO PDF
- 50 FATHOMS RPG PDF
- DOC VI BAT KY AI EBOOK
- LAW OF PROPERTY ACT 1925 PDF
- MAHABHARATA BOOK IN MARATHI PDF
- MAHATMA GANDHI MY EXPERIMENTS WITH TRUTH PDF
- RAIL BUDGET IN HINDI 2015-16 PDF
- KANNADA KAMASUTRA PDF FILE
- INIQUITY AMY BARTOL EPUB
- ILLUMINAE AMIE KAUFMAN EPUB
- WHERE THE RED FERN GROWS EBOOK