BUKU SOSIOLOGI PEDESAAN PDF
Get this from a library! Pengantar sosiologi pedesaan.. [Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bagian Sosiologi Pedesaan dan Penjuluhan.]. Pengantar sosiologi pedesaan dan pertanian by Rahardjo., , Gadjah Mada University Press edition, in Indonesian - Cet. 1. Available in the National Library of Australia collection. Author: Rahardjo; Format: Book; viii, p.: ill. ; 21 cm.
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Sosiologi pedesaan: kumpulan bacaan jilid 1 / editor Pudjiwati Sajogyo il.; 21 cm eks. 1. SOSIOLOGI PEDESAAN. I. Sajogyo, Pudjiwati Download as PDF. Sosiologi Pedesaan - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read Buku Ajar Sosiologi Pedesaan- Nuvida myavr.info_ MA. Buku ini dengan sangat apik memberikan penjelasan mengenai teori-teori masyhur yang berhubungan dengan gerakan sosial. Untuk pemula seperti saya, .
A work by Duvendack et al. Their research surprisingly indicates that by using the RCTs, no convincing impact has been found of microfinance on the well-being of poor people.
Other results of the work reveal low validity impact of the change in wellbeing and any outcome variables, including the evaluation that many research on the positive impact of microfinance to women were found weak methodologically and inadequate representative data. A New Book Says No. Although the establishment of microfinance institutions in Indonesia has been more than a century as documented by Schmit , it is difficult to have a recent data on how microfinance institutions operated in Indonesia.
A quite comprehensive data on Table 2. The money has been distributed by 54, units of microfinance to more than 9,4 million people with total money distributed 28,9 trillion rupiahs. Another publication by The Asia Foundation was also insufficient regarding the updates about the sustainability of the microfinance units. The period of study was also out-dated as it referred to the Indonesian Statistics in However, the work of Seibel and Agung examined the sustainability of microfinance institutions in Indonesia.
Out of Islamic Microfinance Institutions, which were established in the early s in Indonesia, only one-fifth who could survive in This fact would bring to the question of the effectiveness of microfinance. In this context, many type of research have been done to evaluate the efficacy of microfinance services in alleviating poverty in Indonesia. The works by Ismawan and Budiantoro , Rahmat et al. The program has been implemented in 23 provinces, involved with banking offices and non-government organization successfully distributed credit about billion rupiah and accumulated about 29,5 billion rupiahs with The program itself successfully reached 1,, households regarding the supporting.
Another study on the role of microfinance institution has been examined by Rahmat et al. However, the ability of financial-related repayment depends on the economic situations. The project was funded by the World-Bank through loan-scheme and had been implemented from to The study has also revealed that the SAADP project has been increasing their knowledge about land management, the use of fertilizer, and also farming practices in general.
The study also revealed that tendency to save, funding for education, access health services, also found positive, even though statistically insignificant. These and similar dramatic cases underscore the conclusion of Karnani that microfinance misses its mark: microfinance does not cure poverty, but in some instances, microfinance makes life at the bottom of the pyramid even worse. It encompasses not only the problem of income level below the poverty line, but also the lack of accesses to health-care, basic educations, environmental deterioration, and any other public services.
Thus, any approach to alleviate poverty should also consider multidimensional perspective in the implementation.
While Ledgerwood suggests an integrated approach -between financial and non-financial provisions- as a more comprehensive approach in microfinance to alleviate poverty, instead of practicing a minimalist approach, which only uses financial support solutions.
With around 17, islands spread over 34 provinces, Indonesia has numerous communities, which requires particular approaches to identify and to implement development plans and policies, which are suitable for each of the communities.
Their work, which consists of forty cases around the world, have shown that cultural-based institutions have been contributed significantly to the development progresses, particularly in the developing world, including Sub-Saharan Africa and Indonesia.
Pengantar sosiologi pedesaan dan pertanian
Similar attempts have been discussed by the work of Taramol ; and Kaewla It has been practiced since The institution, which is empowered by the women, has been significantly contributed to the poverty reduction in the area. Similarly, the study of Kaewla on the role of craftsmanship in community health systems in Ethno-cultural group of Khmer Surin, Thailand and Cambodia have found that the handcrafts role in community health care system seems to focus on the cone bevel which tightens up from ground floor level.
The local wisdom of Brahmanism and Buddhism influenced the community health care system through a particular ritual which has been a significant role at the community level. Those examples have indicated that cultural dimensions have contributed to the development at the community level. It is not surprising that Woodley et al.
Loeffelman emphasizes the need to include cultural as well as gender dimension in the microfinance institutions and services. In one side, a single development policy would ease the Government to execute their development programmes, regardless the diverse characteristics of Indonesian in all islands.
However, it would lead to ineffective development outcomes, as discussed in the earlier sections. Different culture, socio-geographic and socio-demographic factors, are some of the considerations which require specific attention by policymakers and development planners.
At the community level, local institutions play an important factor in development Uphoff, Local people use institutions to reach their wellbeing and as a medium to achieve development goals. Marsh divides local institution into various categories, i. There are numerous studies show evidence that local people were working collaboratively with local institutions to achieve sustainable improvements in rural poverty reduction and management of natural resources.
Uphoff, ; Marsh, In Indonesia, the study by Seibel shows the successful integration between local institutions with microfinance supervisions.
The community leader involved in the operations of the Credit Institutions made the institution stronger as people in Bali are influenced by their culture and customs practices. The extreme poor of people has also been considered in the provision, as the condition of the people in the community is considered as the responsibility of the community members.
17 pandangan tentang kedua kata diatas yaitu
As the community leader is the person who is respected by all the members of the community, it is not surprising if the leader is the person who mostly knows the condition of the members of the community.
This brings to the effectiveness of the distribution of financial supports and socio-cultural provisions.
Gantang itself is known not only in the agricultural areas of Indonesia but also in some other parts of South-East Asia, albeit that there are different scales of measure indicated. While in Indonesia, Gantang contains in general 10 litres of rice according to Irawan , in The Philippines, the equivalent of one Gantang, known as Ganta contains about 3 litres of rice.
The United Nations estimate the contents at 8. In Brunei, similar vessels contain 3.
Buku hukum agraria pdf
Thereupon, the household sets the date of the ceremony in consultation with the community leader and the community members. Usually, the leader establishes an organizing committee, which as a community-managed institution arranges the plans, and preparations, as well as the implementation of the ceremony.
The organizing committee then divides the tasks among the members of the community, such as collecting and administrating the contributions, organizing the rituals, and preparing the cultural events surrounding the rituals and ceremonies, which the household would like to conduct.
The informal organizing committee then will send out invitations to all households in the community. After that, the people in the community will then make their contribution to the needy household in the form of rice, money or other valuable materials, with a specific measurement. Although in the Subang region, the gantang contains 10 kg.
The total of such contributions could easily amount to rather large quantities of rice or money. If a conversion is made of the total amount of collected rice with a price of 1 kg at 10, Rupiah, the total amount of collected rice would be worth about 20 million Rupiah, equivalent to about 1, USD.
The needy household then will use the collected money for their need purposes. Interestingly, while there is no finite period to return the contribution, the reciprocal compensation can only be done similarly if the other household has a similar need or problem.
According to Mauss , this type of traditional institution is a form of reciprocal exchange, implemented by local people in a community as a positive return for what they have already received. Similar traditional institutions are also operational in other parts of Indonesia albeit with different names.
As an example of a traditional institution which is also based on the principle of reciprocity, it complies with the characteristics of the related category of 1 absence of the need for immediate return; 2 absence of a systematic calculation of the value of the service and products exchanged; and 3 an overt denial that a balance is being calculated, or that the balance must come out even cf.
In Sukamelang Village of the Subang district, for instance, the community can contribute more than one Gantang, or in other forms such as money or goods, which are needed by the household concerned.
While some people go for a mortgage for their need of housing, this institution could provide a different solution, which is based on local people resources, contribution and mutual assistance Saefullah, in press. Similar types of institutions have not only practiced in the Sundanese region, but also in other regions of the country.
Conclusion The finding suggests the need for hearing the voice of the local people. Most importantly, the finding illuminates the roles of the local microfinance institutions in eliminating poverty of people in Subang, West Java Indonesia. Although some modern institutions have been established to address the socio-economic problems at the community level, such as financial institutions and government agencies, they usually lack the human dimension of compassion, empathy and care for fellow humans.
References Al Mamun, C. World Journal of Social Sciences, 3 1 — The Journal of Developing Areas, 44 1. Bateman, M. The Destructive Rise of Local Neoliberalism. Brower, A. W and Dijkema,D. Systematic Review. Elias, Stephen. The Growth and Development of Indonesias Economy. December Quarter From Microcredit to a World Without Profit?
Dissent, Geertz, C. Ghosh, S. Economic Papers. Florida Atlantic University.
Hofman, B. Indonesia: Rapid Growth, Weak Institutions. PDF Indonesia Investments Karnani, A. Microfinance misses its mark. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Muhammad Maulana rated it really liked it May 25, Feby rated it it was amazing Apr 09, Aul27 rated it it was amazing Mar 18, Ma'rifatul rated it really liked it Jul 11, Marliana Soediro rated it really liked it Sep 22, Firdaus Aedina rated it really liked it Mar 26, Elsa Trimadona rated it really liked it May 19, Revi rated it really liked it Sep 18, Agung marked it as to-read Jan 05, Ride One added it Feb 28, Maslah marked it as to-read Nov 14, Riza Multazam marked it as to-read Dec 16, Hanif Nugraha marked it as to-read Feb 15, Eka marked it as to-read Jun 14, Asya Hanif marked it as to-read Jul 28, Muhammad Basir marked it as to-read Feb 19, Ipul marked it as to-read Mar 03, Dewi Michellia marked it as to-read Sep 21, Rafselia Novalina marked it as to-read Mar 04, Anni Aminah marked it as to-read Aug 08, Alfa added it Aug 15, Elfamalia Elfamalia marked it as to-read Sep 10, Astity Wulandari added it Nov 10, Sartaz marked it as to-read Mar 07, Fajar Martha marked it as to-read Apr 10, Johannesjaparis marked it as to-read Apr 18, Alfa Budhitalia marked it as to-read Apr 21, Rawoyo Abdurrouf marked it as to-read Jun 09, Muthi Fatharani marked it as to-read Jun 21, Widagdo marked it as to-read Jun 27, Qonita Ayu added it Aug 25, Lintang Panjali marked it as to-read Oct 09, Dea Saja added it Nov 28, Astri Destiani marked it as to-read Jun 04, Siti Mulyani marked it as to-read Jun 07, Indah Nurpita Sari added it Sep 05, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
Boedi Harsono (Author of Hukum Agraria Indonesia)
Dia turut meletakkan dasar-dasar studi sosial-ekonomi pedesaan di Indonesia. Sajogyo tumbuh, meniti dan menjadi pemimpin studi agraria Prof.
Dibesarkan dalam tradisi ilmu sosial yang dikembangkan dari pertanian, Prof.In Indonesia, the study by Seibel shows the successful integration between local institutions with microfinance supervisions. The penebas system emerges as a method of protecting their income and allows them to benefit more from the use of high yielding varieties.
Muhamad Hisyam. Only after the har- vest had been delivered to the owner and the shares given out did the owner decide how much of his crop to sell and how much to save for home consumption. Lokasi dari desa sampel 1 Beberapa daerah di mana pernah dilaporkan adanya sistim te- basan ialah di Kabupaten Karawang oleh Dr. New York: Public Affairs.
Kompetensi Minor Agraria Dan Ekologi Politik S2:Lulusan mampu menganalisis, sintesis, dan evaluasi kritis aras tengahtentang relasi, dan pertarungan untuk akses dan kontrol sumber-sumber agrariaserta gerakan sosial masyarakat yang terpinggirkan akibat proses tersebut. Dewi Michellia marked it as to-read Sep 21, Christina rated it liked it Jan 07, Jika masa panen tiba, banyak sekali terjadi ketegangan antara buruh tani yang memotong padi dengan pemilik sawah, karena para pemotong padi selalu berusaha meningkatkan jumlah bagian hasil panennya sedangkan pemilik berusaha menekannya.