BOBBY FISCHER GOES TO WAR PDF
Bobby Fischer Goes to War. Robert J. Fischer was born to a life of chess in Chicago at P.M. on 9 March He grew up in a bustling, hustling society that. Bobby Fischer Goes to War. By David Edmonds. ISBN: Introduction. Since , the USSR had dominated the World Chess Championships. In the summer of , with a presidential crisis stirring in the United States and the cold war at a pivotal point, the Soviet world chess champion, Boris Spassky.
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Bobby Fischer Goes to War: How the Soviets Lost the Most Extraordinary Chess Match of All Time [David Edmonds, John Eidinow] on myavr.info *FREE*. In the summer of , with a presidential crisis stirring in the United States and the cold war at a pivotal point, the Soviet world chess champion, Boris S. Bobby Fischer Goes To War How The Soviets Lost The Most Extraordinary Chess Match Of All Time DAVID EDMONDS AND JOHN EIDINOW TO ELISABETH.
Together they learned the moves from the instructions. Fischer soon became so engrossed in the game that Regina feared he was spending too much time alone. She sent an advertisement to the local paper, the Brooklyn Eagle, appealing for chess playmates for her son.
The ad was never published because the editorial staff could not decide under what category to place it. What they did instead gives them a cameo part in chess history: Over the next few years, Fischer would spend many hours there being coached by the president of the club, Carmine Nigro. Frustrated by his own son's stubborn resistance to the charms of the game, Nigro was elated by the enthusiasm of his recruit. On nights when the club was closed, Bobby pestered his mother to take him to Manhattan's Washington Square Park, where the game was a unique leveler of class distinctions; the square acted as a magnet for New York's social gamut, from wealthy Wall Street stockbrokers to the beer-drinking homeless.
To his mother's distress, Bobby's obsession showed no sign of abating; she took him to the Children's Psychiatric Division of the Brooklyn Jewish Hospital. There, he was seen by Dr. Harold Kline.
He told her there were worse preoccupations. As Fischer got older, he began to make the trip to Manhattan unaccompanied. His mother traveled into town late into the evening to drag him away. Fischer was no instant prodigy. Clearly talented, with a deep intuitive grasp of the game, he performed well in club games and tournaments, though not spectacularly.
Bobby Fischer Books
It was not until , at the age of eleven, that Fischer, in his own words, "just got good. It was the establishment club; according to the American player Jim Sherwin, the atmosphere "was rather staid-full of old white men. Wheelchair bound, Collins lived with his sister, Ethel, a nurse, and was mentor to several promising players, including the future grandmasters William Lombardy and Robert Byrne. Collins would have a major influence on Fischer's life.
He had built an enormous chess library for himself, and it was here that young Fischer had his first taste of chess literature, for which his appetite became limitless.
He would go to other chess clubs, too; there were several to choose from in Manhattan, such as the Marshall Club, which was in Greenwich Village and attracted a younger crowd, and the Flea House on 42nd Street. Games at these clubs were sometimes played for small amounts of money. At the Flea House, "Sam the Rabbi" was the easiest target if one wished to supplement one's income.
Rumors about the arrival of a new Wunderkind slowly spread through the chess community. A boy of such potential had not been seen since , when the nine-year-old Polish-born Samuel Reshevsky first toured the United States. At thirteen, Fischer was already receiving invitations to give simultaneous displays, in which he would compete against many players at once.
He gave one exhibition in Cuba; his mother chaperoned her little boy. In July , he won the U. Junior Chess Championship, the youngest to do so. That same year, he was offered a place in the elite Rosenwald competition, a round-robin in which each contestant plays all the others of the nation's top players, considered the most prestigious event in the U.
Bobby Fischer Goes to War: How the Soviets Lost the Most Extraordinary Chess Match of All Time
His tactical masterpiece against Donald Byrne brother of Robert was instantly, if exaggeratedly, branded the best individual game of the century. A dazzling work of art, multilayered in its complexity, and demonstrating audacious vision, it was pored over across the world. According to international master Bob Wade, the seventeenth move, in which Fischer black retreated a bishop, Be6, ignoring the attack on his queen, raised this game to "an immortal level.
By move twenty-five, it was already apparent that Byrne's pieces were in wretched disarray.
Soviet grandmaster Yuri Averbakh says that it was after this game that he realized the Soviets faced a threat to their hegemony. Physically, Fischer was now shooting up into a tall, gangly adolescent-while his chess was evolving and maturing with still greater rapidity.
Over the new year of , he once again competed in the Rosenwald tournament. This time the result carried added significance: Fischer did not lose a single game. Still three months short of his fifteenth birthday, he emerged as U. He was to win the U. Fischer at fourteen. Already the youngest ever junior U. In rapt tones, it was reported how this youngster had the opening knowledge, technical skills, and intuitive judgment of a veteran grandmaster.
In , Regina wrote directly to the Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, requesting an invitation for her son to participate in the World Youth and Student Festival.
The reply-affirmative-came too late for him to go. Fischer was already convinced of his destiny as world champion; he was still determined to reach Moscow, the Mecca of chess, where he could test himself against the world's best. A year later, he went. This time his sister kept him company. The quest proved a disaster. It was not that his hosts treated him badly. On the contrary, the Soviets regarded him as an honored guest, putting him up at a showcase hotel and giving him a car, a driver, and an interpreter.
They offered to show him the Kremlin and take him to the Bolshoi. Fischer declined all distractions; he was there to play chess.
He went to the Moscow Central Chess Club in the morning, returned to the hotel for lunch, then was back in the club until evening, where his opponents included the young Russian masters Aleksandr Nikitin and Yevgeni Vasiukov. He told the head of the Chess Department of the State Sports Committee, Lev Abramov, who had arranged his welcome, that he wished to take on some Soviet grandmasters. Abramov claims that he approached a number of grandmasters, whereupon the teenage American champion inquired how much he was to be paid.
Abramov replied that it was not the Soviet custom to pay guests. In the end, Fischer managed only a few speed games with future world champion Tigran Petrosian. Even at that age, Fischer's demand for recognition was clear.
List of books and documentaries by or about Bobby Fischer
His feeling slighted seems to have been the origin of his life-long antipathy toward all things Soviet, no doubt heavily influenced by the pervasive anticommunist climate in the United States. Fischer's interpreter complained to the authorities that Fischer was discourteous-the pilgrimage was aborted.
American government documents contain reports that in the Moscow Chess Club, Fischer had called the Russians "a bunch of pigs" and that he had written an insulting postcard that the censor might have passed to the Soviet chess authorities. The next decade and a half of Fischer's career was a protracted, bumpy, meandering trail, maddening for his supporters, toward the destination that he cared most about-a seat at the world championship table.
To become a challenger in that period, three chess hurdles had to be surmounted. First came the regional tournament, the Zonal. Then came an international tournament, the Interzonal. Finally, the highest-scoring players in the Interzonal would square off in a tournament known as the Candidates. The winner of the Candidates would challenge the world champion in a one-to-one match for the title.
This cycle, Zonals, Interzonal, Candidates, would repeat itself roughly every three years. Having won the U. Chess Championship, Fischer had automatically qualified for the Interzonal, which was to take place in the resort town of Portoroz, Yugoslavia.
He announced confidently, to anybody who would listen, that his strategy for making it through to the Candidates was to draw with the strong grandmasters and hammer the weaklings, predictions that were dismissed as youthful bravado.
In the event, Fischer did pretty much as he had pledged, winning six games, losing only two, and coming in joint fifth. He thus became an international grandmaster, the youngest in history. It was hailed, rightly, as a staggering performance, as was his fifth place the following year in the Candidates tournament-also held in Yugoslavia. The contrast between his star status in international chess and his mundane status as a high school student would have been difficult for any fifteen-year-old to manage, even one with the happy background which Fischer lacked.
Fischer was now arguing incessantly with his domineering mother. Chess consumes so much human energy and produces no monument.
With its fascinating interview footage and tremendous black-and-white still photographs by Harry Benson, who was permitted great access to Fischer, this is an intriguing portrait.
Its pessimism makes it a difficult watch.
An activity this resistant to the usual blandishments of sports journalism attracts public attention only when something besides chess seems to be at stake.
No other chess match has ever come close to attracting the kind of attention that the world-championship match, between Boris Spassky and Bobby Fischer, did. Life reported on the match. Arthur Koestler wrote about it. Fischer was a known recluse, and Benson was one of the very few people he would talk to throughout these defining moments in his life.
The editor website also featured previews of the photos, like the one shown below. The book is available at Amazon as well.Sometimes he would blare rock music as he and Larry Evans analysed positions.
He looks edgy rather than alienated. O-O O-O To Spasskys credit, he was a gracious loser. William Steinitz, the Austrian who was the world's first undisputed chess champion, died in an asylum.