ALL FIVE YEAR PLAN PDF
From to , the Indian economy was premised on the concept of planning. This was .. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 September The concept of economic planning in India is derived from the Russia (then USSR). India has launched 12 five year plans so far. First five year. Though the planned economic development in India began in with the inception of First Five Year Plan, theoretical efforts had begun much earlier.
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Read this article to know all about the Planning Commission, Five-year plans and NITI Aayog. You can also download this article as PDF for future reference!. and acknowledgement of the publisher and the copyrightholder. Macro- Modelling for the Eleventh Five Year Plan of India. ISBN ISBN We have given you with the five year plans in India goals and achievements which will help you for preparing competitive exams. By reading.
A new Sixth Plan took place. The Rolling Plan consists of three kinds of plans. The actual growth rate was 5. Sixth five-year plan is the only Five-Year Plan which was done twice. The plan laid stress on improving the productivity level of industries by upgrading of technology. The main objectives of the Seventh Five-Year Plan were to establish growth in areas of increasing economic productivity, production of food grains, and generating employment through Social Justice.
The actual growth rate was 6. Annual Plans The Eighth Plan could not take off in due to the fast changing political situation at the centre. The years —91 and —92 were known as Annual Plans. Energy is the major priority with The Ninth Five-Year Plan saw contributions towards development from the general public as well as governmental agencies in both the rural and urban areas of the country.
The Ninth Five-Year Plan focused on the relationship between rapid economic growth and the quality of life for the people of the country.
Commercial vehicles increased from thousand to thousand over the same period. In coastal and overseas shipping, in , its number was recorded and thousand GRT while it was and thousand GRT respectively in On the other hand, the capacity of Indian Airlines was million tones kms, in against its number of million tones kms in Education: In the sphere of elementary education age group of , there was The total enrolment of 0.
This was The enrolment in science courses percentage of total enrolment increased from The necessary preparatory work had already been undertaken but its finalisation was delayed due to severe threats like hostilities of and and the steep fall in agricultural production over two successive years and , and devaluation of Indian Rupee in June The Planning Commission which was reconstituted in September , felt that the five year period of the Fourth Plan should commence from and the year of should have an annual plan as of and Therefore, the document of the Fourth Plan for , reaffirmed the objective enunciated in the previous plans and included the policies and programmes which would promote the attainment of self reliance with adequate growth rate and accelerate the progress towards a socialist society.
Objectives: Fourth Five Year Plan have following objectives: a Feasible rates of growth as indicated in the direction of becoming free from dependence on foreign aid by providing priority to increase agricultural and industrial sector; b Measures to maintain stability in the prices and to set up consistent economic policies which would lead towards the goal of mixed economy; c Priority would be given to enlarge the income of the rural population and augment the supply of food.
Efforts would be made to maximise the production. Achievements: National Income and Balance of Payment: The plan envisaged an average annual compound growth rate of 5. Against this projected growth, the economy experienced a rate of growth of 5.
The rate of domestic saving rose from 8. During the first three years of the Fourth Plan, the balance of payment was fairly stable but in the later period, all was not well in the economy. The drought of compelled the country to go in for large imports of food-grains when the world prices of food-grains had gone up to unprecedented levels.
The import prices of other major requirements such as petroleum, petroleum products, fertiliser, iron, steel, non-ferrous metals and newsprint also increased manifold. Agriculture Production: The production of food-grains was estimated to rise from 98 million tones to million tones but it was registered only The highest level of production was million tones in The output of pulses had deteriorated in spite of favourable price trend.
As against the target of The total area of food crops under irrigation was The chemical fertilizers in terms of nitrogenous and phosphatic was recorded The ultimate irrigation potential of million hectares, a potential of Industrial Development: The rate of growth in the industrial sector was only 3. The industrial production growth rate declined from 6. The production of steel ingot was 7.
General Development: In social welfare activities, substantial progress was achieved. The number of primary health centres and sub-centres rose to and by the end of against its number of and respectively in Similarly, the number of doctors and nurses also increased from and to and in the same period.
Fifth Five Year Plan: During the course of presentation of the draft the Fifth Five Year Plan, unfortunately coincided with a major upheaval on the international economic scene which largely affected the developed and developing countries.
Political leaders and economists all over the world were aware of this collapse. The sharp increase in the prices of food, fertilizers and oil seriously upset the assumption on which draft had been framed. It is always possible to have hindsight. The poor people have faced the challenges with a stout heart.
But for the public distribution system these people would not have got even their rations. Minhas resigned.
Thus, putting aside his argument, Mrs. Gandhi and Planning Minister Mr.
Dhar called for small plan and sacrificing the industrial core, jeopardies self-reliance and unrealistic projections. Objectives: 1. Expansion of productive employment; 3.
A national programme for minimum needs; 4. Extended programme of social welfare; 5. Stress on agriculture, key and basic industries producing goods for mass consumption. Achievements: National Income: Though the Fifth Five Year Plan was suspended one year earlier than its tenure, even then, its progress could be considered fairly satisfactory and be compared with the complete period of five years.
The growth rate of national income ending fifth plan period was 5.
The average growth rate of per capita income was 2. Agricultural and Social Sector: The agricultural production showed tremendous favorable trends.
The annual rate of growth of agricultural production grew at the rate of 4. The total food-grains production was of the order of The gross irrigated area was recorded The total coverage under soil and water conservation was Agricultural Co-operative Credit Societies advanced Rs. The storage capacity available for food-grains was about 14 million tones ending Industrial Development: During the plan period of , village and small industries registered a growth rate of 6. The gross value added at factor cost rose from Rs.
List of all Five Year Plans of India
The employment has increased in Village and Khadi industries from 8. The growth rate of industrial production was around 6. The production of coal, crude oil and iron ore was recorded to the tune of million tones, General Development: The traffic by railway in terms of tone kilometres gone up from about During the period of , post offices were opened, raising its number to 1.
Besides, telegraphic offices and long distance public call offices were opened. The total enrolment in elementary education has been recorded lakh during the plan period. About 1. This clearly showed a clear cut shift in the strategy of planning. For the first time, Planning Commission acknowledged the denial of Social justice to the poorest sections of population. With its revised priorities, the Janta Government Strategy favoured Gandhian solution which stressed for the development of cottage and small industries based on labour-intensive techniques.
Another significant change was noticed in the field of industrial development i.
The trade balance was — The disappointing performance of export was related to an unusual combinations of adverse internal and external developments. Horticultural and Plantation Crops: The production of vegetables and potatoes was recorded during as The production of coconut was also satisfactory.
Five year Plans of India – List of Five Years Plans
Fruits also showed the production of In the same manner, the production of tea was of little less than the target. Crop Production and Selected Inputs: In the sixth plan, it was proposed to have replacement rate of 10 per cent for the pollinated crops like wheat and paddy, per cent for hybrids and 5 per cent for pulses and oil seeds. In states like Madhya Pradesh, they are very much low, which it attributed to countless reasons, as high sale prices of the seeds and lack of popularising certified seeds.
On the other hand, higher replacement rate in some of the states like Assam, Manipur and Tripura vary from 30 to 60 per cent are due to the fact that it is not possible for the cultivators of these states to have their own seeds because of the agro-climatic conditions. Agricultural Credit and Storage Capacity: The co-operative with their country wide network of primary agricultural credit societies constitute the most significant agency in terms of volume of loan advanced and territorial coverage.
Commercial banks have over semi urban and rural branches and regional rural banks number with branches as on March 31, Through these agencies, disbursement of credit has risen from Rs. Its business has gone up from the level of Rs. Animal Husbandry and Dairying: The number of veterinary hospitals and dispensaries rose from in to in Besides Veterinary First Aid Centres were established against the plan target of to provide animal health facilities near the doorsteps of farmers.
Similarly, the number of liquid milk plants were recorded in against its number of only in For marketing of eggs, egg and poultry production cum marketing centres were established during the plan period.
It was noted that since independence the inception of planning, Indian economy has made steady progress towards the basic objectives of building an independent, self-reliance economy.
The plan sough to emphasize polices, which would accelerate the growth in food-grain production, increase in employment and raise productivity. Achievements: Agriculture: The first three years were of the poor monsoon years. The second year recorded decline to This set back to agricultural production in these years to be seen against the background of the long-term growth rate of agricultural output around 2.
There were two main objective of this plan i. In this plan top priority was given to agriculture, next came to industry and mines. Overall this plan was successful which achieved the growth of 4.
The draft of this plan was prepared and launched by the D. This plan was terminated in Rolling Plan: This plan was started with an annual plan for and as a continuation of the terminated fifth year plan. Objectives of this plan include the establishment of the self sufficient economy, opportunities for productive employment. For the first time the private sector got the priority over public sector. Annual Plans: Eighth five Plan could not take place due to volatile political situation at the centre.
Nature of Indian Economy: Structure and Key Features. In this plan the top priority was given to development of the human resources i. Three-year action plan is document only provides a broad roadmap to the government. The document does not detail any schemes or allocations as it has no financial powers. Since it need not be approved by the Union Cabinet, its recommendations are not binding on the government. The documents of the Niti Ayog have no financial role. They are only policy guidemaps for the government.
Five Year Plans after the Liberalization.
Five Year Plans before the Liberalisation. What is the Meaning and Purposes of Deficit Financing? Merit and Non Merit Goods: Meaning, differences and Examples. Composition and Objectives. Meaning and Objectives. Please specify.
Five-Year Plans of India
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List of all Five Year Plans of India. Hemant Pratap Singh Mar 14, Now the present NDA government has stopped the formation of five year plan.The Commission was given two major responsibilities — first, to ascertain priorities and stages at which plans should be executed and second, to propose an allocation of resources which was required for effective execution at each stage. Rangarajan prepares the Eleventh Five-year Plan.
Archived from the original PDF on 22 September Shortcomings of the Planning Commission The Planning Commission had some shortcomings and was felt outdated for modern India. The storage capacity available for food-grains was about 14 million tones ending Tenth Five Year Plan:
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