AGILE ALM PDF
Welcome to Agile ALM. This book has three main goals. The first is to describe Agile. Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) in practical terms and to provide . Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) is the management of the software application lifecycle from initial development to final release. ALM encompasses all. Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) synthesizes technical and functional elements to provide a comprehensive approach to common project activities and .
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Agile ALM is a guide for Java developers who want to integrate flexible agile practices and lightweight Agile Application Lifecycle Management (Agile ALM) combines flexible processes with . eBook $ pdf + ePub + kindle + liveBook. IBM Corporation. Unleashing Agile ALM. Fariz Saracevic ([email protected] com). Lifecycle Scenario Leader. IBM Software, Rational. @FarizSaracevic. Defining application lifecycle management (ALM) isn't easy. Different people ( and . With an agile development process, the same steps happen as in waterfall.
In the example above, ther e are two projects. Each will take two months to implement. In scheduling and managing development, it is critical to understand and record the Cost of Delay. At Aldon we ran into this situation and our ALM system made it immediately visible. We were implementing a restructuring of our database that would provide a platform for a variety of new enhancements to the product.
Once those enhancements were delivered, we anticipated a large ROI for the project. At the same time, our salespeople were telling us that we could win a greater percentage of our current opportunities if we would make some changes to our user interface. The ROI for those changes was smaller overall than the architectural change, but the window of opportunity for winning the current deals was relatively short.
We decided that the cost of delaying the big project by a few months was relatively minor while the cost of delaying the changes required by our prospects was much higher. We chose to deliver the interface changes first and delay the restructuring. By recording the relative value information in the ALM system, everyone understood the justification for our decision.
Request Tracking The ALM system allows request tracking to occur automatically as a by-product of working together on a Change Request, so developers need not be burdened with time-consuming activity documentation requirements. Once a Change Request has been prioritized and approved for work, the ALM System routes the change through its appropriate workflow and notifies users when they have a task to perform. It records signoffs and state changes so that important metrics like cycle time, velocity and wait-times bottlenecks can be recorded and managed.
Developer activity is automatically logged as they perform operations like check-in, build and unit test. By automatically gathering this information as part of normal day-to-day activities, the ALM System can significantly reduce the administrative documentation burden placed on developers by audit and regulatory compliance requirements. In the example above, a developer associates the changes they are making to an ALM task directly through Visual Studio.
Developers can associate their changes with a Change Request directly through their IDE or version control system at the time they Commit, Check-out or Synchronize. Development change activity can then be tracked and reported upon with very little administrative impact on developers. By tracking the Change Request from initiation to completion, the ALM System will be able to identify for the development team and other stakeholders how long it takes changes of different sizes to make it through the system.
Later, the activity logs can be used for compliance reporting. Auditors will be able to use the ALM system to view exactly what happened from the time the request arose until the solution was delivered into production. They will be able to easily verify that the change process met the audit requirements.
Getting Started with Application Lifecycle Management
Section 5 Inventory Control All applications have an inventory of related application artifacts. These include files of program source, build results, build scripts, test scripts, documentation and many other types of files. A single application might have application logic residing on a mainframe with a mainframe database while using Windows clients and supporting Unix or Linux W eb Application Servers for a web-based interface.
Changes to any of those environments might need to be synchronized with changes to the other environments. As developers we might only be concerned with one part of that architecture the Windows client, for example. However, we might be impacted by changes to the other environments. The ALM system can ensure that we are aware of those cross platform dependencies.
It can also provide us with a business oriented view of our environment so we can see all work-in-progress for an application, regardless of the targeted platform.
The ALM system does this by maintaining a Meta-Data inventory of the current location, and status of every application artifact regardless of its location, and making that information easily accessible and viewable.
Although developers will typically work through their preferred application development tools, the ALM System can provide them with a more global view that reveals the business application structure and shows where all the application parts are and how they are related across all platforms. In this view, users can see all the parts related to an application, a component of an application, a version of an application or an application task even if those files are stored on multiple platforms and run in many different operating environments.
They can also see where those files are in the application lifecycle. The ALM System will notify them if a change in one area will impact files in other areas.
Through the ALM inventory views, users can see application artifacts and work in progress based on their business application structure. They simply need to know which task, application or application version they are interested in and they can see where the associated changes are within the application lifecycle across all of their operating environments. The ALM System also provides access control over the artifacts in inventory.
Section 6 Process Automation The goal of the ALM System is not to force a particular process on the organization but rather to automate and enforce the processes the organization wants to implement. The ALM System must do its work with as little administrative impact on the developers as possible. As developers commit, check-out, check-in or synchronize their changes with their source version repository, the ALM system gathers the changed artifacts and moves them through the appropriate lifecycle.
If you are in a Continuous Integration environment, upon check-in, the ALM system can kick off a build and then deploy the build results to the appropriate test environments and even initiate unit tests and regression tests.
The ALM system will promote changes through whatever lifecycle stage has been defined to it e. Development, to Integration Test, to Quality Assurance, to User Acceptance testing and then on into production , ensuring that the versions of all the files that were tested are the ones that move into production. It can be configured to support and automate a variety of Agile or traditional methodologies. The ALM system will gather approvals to ensure the appropriate separation of duties has been enforced, and then deploy the files to the appropriate machines for execution.
At each stage users simply need to tell the system that their process is complete and the change is ready for the next step. The system automates the movement of the related artifacts, eliminating manual, administrative effort.
If you are working in a Continuous Integration environment the ALM system can automatically kick off the build and deploy process immediately upon a commit to version control. In an Agile environment, the ALM system can ensure that the changes flow through each of the lifecycle stages within the time-boxed iteration.
If Lean-based techniques ar e being used, the ALM system can limit the number of Change Requests that can be moved to Work-in-Progress or a particular stage of Work-in-Progress based on user-defined boundaries.
Since process improvement is a key element of any successful application development methodology, the ALM system should have flexible rules definition so that the pr ocess can be changed and improved as users learn about what works and what does not work. The main purpose of the ALM system is to eliminate the need for users to worry about the process. The process definition is encoded into the system and it ensures that everything happens as planned.
Part 1 Introduction to Agile ALM
If the process needs to be modified, the ALM system should provide simple mechanisms to make those changes. Importantly, all the process documentation is embedded within the system.
Auditors can generate reports of the defined process without relying on manually maintained and generally poorly maintained process documents.
Section 7 Deployment Automation At each stage of the lifecycle, completed changes must be deployed to the appropriate target machines for testing or production. A single change in an enterprise environment might require synchronized updates to a variety of clients and servers.
Specialized installations scripts might need to execute in order for the change to be implemented successfully and, in case of failure, there must be a mechanism to recover.
HP ALM /Quality Center Tutorial
The rules regarding deployment for each stage of the lifecycle can be defined to the ALM system. That way, users simply need to identify what needs to be moved.
The system knows where the artifacts are and where they need to go.
The deployment can then be monitored and managed via the ALM System. For teams that are working in Agile or Lean environments, the ALM system can provide the infrastructure for collecting metrics on velocity, flow, queuing and cycle time.
These are necessary measures to truly deliver on the value promised by Agile methodologies. In a Scrum environment, the ALM system can track changes as they are completed and generate Sprint or Release burndown or burnup reports. Flexible and robust, it offers just enough process to get the job done and leverages DevOps to enhance interactions among all participants. Leading experts Bob Aiello and Leslie Sachs show how to fully leverage Agile benefits without sacrificing structure, traceability, or repeatability.
You ll find realistic guidance for managing source code, builds, environments, change control, releases, and more.
The authors help you support Agile in organizations that maintain traditional practices; conventional ALM systems; or siloed, non-Agile teams. They also show how to scale Agile ALM to large or distributed teams, and to environments from cloud to mainframe. A team of world-class CM experts show you how to leverage Agile's compelling benefits without sacrificing structure, traceability, or repeatability.
You'll master essential, proven practices for successfully implementing CM within an Agile context. Agile Software Configuration Management begins with a clear description of Agile principles and core software configuration management practices.
Next, the authors offer detailed guidance on applying agile technical and project management PM practices while meeting larger organizations'challenging requirements for compliance and IT governance.
The authors then review each core SCM practice in the context of supporting agile continuous integration, delivery, and iterative development.
Your Guide to ALM
Agile Software Configuration Management offers invaluable practical guidance on supporting agile in organizations that still rely on non-Agile practices such as Waterfall, have implemented non-Agile ALM, or contain non-agile siloed teams.
You'll learn how to balance agile and non-agile ALM, and master highly-effective patterns of Agile branching and variant management.
The authors specifically address common scenarios such as co-located small teams; larger teams; integration with siloed or remote non-Agile teams; distributed Agile, and Agile CM for large-scale database and cloud development.Integrating other artifact types: Cobol 7. This article aims to address the problem faced by practitioners while establishing a tool chain environment, aligned with development process and culture.
Flexible and robust, it offers just enough process to get the job done and leverages DevOps to enhance interactions among all participants. At Aldon we ran into this situation and our ALM system made it immediately visible. Auditors have a simple way to generate comprehensive reports and queries on activity and process compliance — reducing the need for development staff members to provide those reports.
Integrating other artifact types: Unable to display preview. The ALM System provides visibility to the prioritized list for all authorized, interested stakeholders.
Here's a quick example of what that might look like: First, add all the epics from a specific Agile Board. In that case, the second project has a higher Cost of Delay.