ORIGINAL MAHABHARATA IN TAMIL PDF
Why didn't Tamil poet kambar write Mahabharatha in Tamil? Tamil- MahabharatamAadhi-parvam: m kamalakannan: Free Download, Borrow, and. All tamil books of Mahabharatam - free download or read online. Free download or read online Mahabharatam in Tamil Vlo - Sri Vedavyasa tamil pdf book from the category of Alphabet M. PDF file size of Mahabharatam in .
|Language:||English, Spanish, Hindi|
|Genre:||Science & Research|
|ePub File Size:||19.73 MB|
|PDF File Size:||10.77 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Regsitration Required]|
Tamil-Mahabharatam-Adi-parvam, Tamil translation, M V Ramanujacharyar Edition. additional_collections. LanguageTamil. A public domain work by Na Parthasarathy on the ancient Hindu epic, The Mahabharata. Identifier. Mahabharata download PDF E-book of the Indian Hindu Epic. If you happen to have the Mahabharata in Tamil, Hindi, Marathi or Kannada, please . Thank u so much for uploading the 12 volumes of mahabharatha ebooks.
The brothers sat themselves down in the hall to watch the fun: The conditions of the swayamvar were difficult: On this moving disc was attached a fish.
At the bottom of the pole was a shallow urn of water. A person had to look down into this water-mirror, use the bow and five arrows that were provided, and pierce the fish spinning on top. Five attempts were allowed. It was evident that only an extremely skilled archer, such as the now-presumed-dead Arjuna, could pass the test. One by one, the kings and princes tried to shoot the fish, and failed.
Some could not even lift the bow; some could not string it. The Kauravas and Karna were also present.
1. First things first, Duryodhana's real name was Suyodhana.
Karna picked up the bow and strung it in a moment, but was prevented from taking aim when Draupadi declared she would not marry anyone from the Suta clan. After every one of the royals had failed, Arjuna, the third Pandava, stepped up to the pole, picked up the bow, strung it, affixed all of the five arrows to it, looked down into the water, aimed, shot, and pierced the fish's eye with all of the five arrows in a single attempt.
Arjuna had won Draupadi's hand. The Pandava brothers, still in the guise of poor brahmins, took Draupadi back to the hut they were staying at and shouted for Kunti, "Ma, Ma, come and see what we've brought back today. Meanwhile, Draupadi's twin Dhrishtadyumna, unhappy that his royal sister should be married off to a poor commoner, had secretly followed the Pandavas back to their hut. Also following them secretly was a dark prince and his fair brother - Krishna and Balaram of the Yadava clan - who had suspected that the unknown archer could be none other than Arjuna, who had been presumed dead at the palace-burning incident several months ago.
These princes were related to the Pandavas - their father was Kunti's brother - but they had never met before. By design or happenstance, Vyasa also arrived at the scene at this point and the Pandava hut was alive for a while with happy cries of meetings and reunions. To keep Kunti's words, it was decided that Draupadi would be the common wife of all of the five Pandavas.
Her brother, Dhrishtadyumna, and her father, the king Drupad, were reluctant with this unusual arrangement but were talked around to it by Vyasa and Yudhishthir. After the wedding ceremonies at Panchal were over, the Hastinapur palace invited the Pandavas and their bride back. Dhritarashtra made a great show of happiness on discovering that the Pandavas were alive after all, and he partitioned the kingdom, giving them a huge tract of barren land to settle in and rule over.
The Pandavas transformed this land into a paradise. Yudhishthir was crowned there, and he performed a sacrifice that involved all of the kings of the land to accept - either voluntarily or by force - his suzerainty. The new kingdom , Indraprastha, prospered.
Meanwhile, the Pandavas had entered into an agreement among themselves regarding Draupadi: If any Pandava was to enter the room where she was present with her husband-of-that-year, that Pandava was to be exiled for 12 years.
It so happened that once Draupadi and Yudhishthir, her husband of that year, were present in the armoury when Arjuna entered it to take his bow and arrows.
Consequently, he went off in exile during which he toured the entire country, down to its southernmost tip, and married three princesses he met along the way. The prosperity of Indraprastha and the power of the Pandavas was not something that Duryodhan liked. He invited Yudhisthir to a dice game and got his uncle, Shakuni, to play on his Duryodhan's behalf.
Shakuni was an accomplished player; Yudhishthir staked - and lost - step by step his entire wealth, his kingdom, his brothers, himself, and Draupadi. Draupadi was dragged into the dice hall and insulted. There was an attempt to disrobe her, and Bheem lost his temper and vowed to kill each and every one of the Kauravas.
Things came to such a boil that Dhritarashtra intervened unwillingly, gave the kingdom and their freedom back to the Pandavas and Draupadi, and set them off back to Indraprastha. This angered Duryodhan, who talked his father around, and invited Yudhishthir to another dice game. This time, the condition was that the loser would go on a year exile followed by a year of life incognito.
மகாபாரதம் அறத்தின் குரல்
The dice game was played. Yudhishthir lost again. For this exile, the Pandavas left their ageing mother Kunti behind at Hastinapur, in Vidur's place. They lived in forests, hunted game, and visited holy spots. At around this time, Yudhishthir asked Arjuna to go to the heavens in quest of celestial weapons because, by now, it was apparent that their kingdom would not be returned to them peacefully after the exile and that they would have to fight for it.
Arjuna did so, and not only did he learn the techniques of several divine weapons from the gods, he also learnt how to sing and dance from the gandharvas. After 12 years, the Pandavas went incognito for a year. During this one-year period, they lived in the Virat kingdom.
Yudhishthir took up employment as a king's counsellor, Bheem worked in the royal kitchens, Arjuna turned himself into a eunuch and taught the palace maidens how to sing and dance, the twins worked at the royal stables, and Draupadi became a handmaiden to the queen.
At the end of the incognito period - during which they were not discovered despite Duryodhan's best efforts - the Pandavas revealed themselves.
The Virat king was overwhelmed; he offered his daughter in marriage to Arjuna but he declined since he had been her dance teacher the past year and students were akin to children.
The princess was married, instead, to Arjuna's son Abhimanyu. At this wedding ceremony, a large number of Pandava allies gathered to draw out a war strategy. Meanwhile, emissaries had been sent to Hastinapur to demand Indraprastha back but the missions had failed. Krishna himself went on a peace mission and failed. Duryodhan refused to give away as much land as was covered by the point of a needle, let alone the five villages proposed by the peace missions.
The Kauravas also gathered their allies around them, and even broke away a key Pandava ally - the maternal uncle of the Pandava twins - by trickery. War became inevitable. Just before the war bugle was sounded, Arjuna saw arrayed before him his relatives: Krishna, the warrior par excellence , had given up arms for this war and had elected to be Arjuna's charioteer.
To him Arjuna said, "Take me back, Krishna. I can't kill these people. They're my father, my brothers, my teachers, my uncles, my sons.
What good is a kingdom that's gained at the cost of their lives? Krishna explained the impermanence of life to Arjuna, and the importance of doing one's duty and of sticking to the right path. Arjuna picked up his bow again. The battle raged for 18 days. Casualties on both sides were high. When it all ended, the Pandavas had won the war but lost almost everyone they held dear.
Duryodhan and all of the Kauravas had died, as had all of the menfolk of Draupadi's family, including all of her sons by the Pandavas. The now-dead Karna was revealed to be a son of Kunti's from before her marriage to Pandu, and thus, the eldest Pandava and the rightful heir to the throne. The grand old man, Bheeshm, lay dying; their teacher Drona was dead as were several kinsfolk related to them either by blood or by marriage.
In about 18 days, the entire country lost almost three generations of its men. It was a war not seen on a scale before, it was the Great Indian war, the Maha-bharat. After the war, Yudhishthir became king of Hastinapur and Indraprastha.
The Pandavas ruled for 36 years, after which they abdicated in favour of Abhimanyu's son, Parikshit. The Pandavas and Draupadi proceeded on foot to the Himalayas, intending to live out their last days climbing the slopes heavenwards. One by one, they fell on this last journey and their spirits ascended to the heavens. Years later, Parikshit's son succeeded his father as king.
He held a big sacrifice, at which this entire story was recited for the first time by a disciple of Vyasa called Vaishampayan. Since that time, this story has been retold countless times, expanded upon, and retold again. The Mahabharata remains popular to this day in India. It has been adapted and recast in contemporary mode in several films and plays. Children continue to be named after the characters in the epic. The Bhagvad Gita is one of the holiest of Hindu scriptures.
Beyond India, the Mahabharata story is popular in south-east Asia in cultures that were influenced by Hinduism such as Indonesia and Malaysia.
Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers.
Become a Member. Basu, A.
Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https: Basu, Anindita. Last modified August 25, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 25 Aug Written by Anindita Basu , published on 25 August under the following license: Creative Commons: This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.
Server Costs Please help us cover our server costs for this year. The prelude Shantanu, the king of Hastinapur, was married to Ganga personification of the Ganges with whom he had a son called Devavrat. Arun Kumar. More details. This product is not sold individually. You must select at least 1 quantity for this product. On my wishlist.
Add to bag.
Availability date: This is the well known story of how Vyasa enlists the help of Ganesha in writing down the long and multi-layered epic that is the Mahabharata. Presented with lively humour and great affection, it shows the very recognisable human dilemmas faced by Vyasa and Ganesha, and enables a new generation of readers to connect personally, in their own ways, to an old story.
View larger. Arun Kumar Vyasa enlists Ganesha's help to write down the massive Mahabharata epic — at a price.The Kauravas and Karna were also present. The historicity of the Kurukshetra War is unclear. Sussex Academy Press. There have been many attempts to unravel its historical growth and compositional layers. Although the Kaurava is the senior branch of the family, Duryodhana , the eldest Kaurava, is younger than Yudhishthira , the eldest Pandava. Krishna is in Naimisaranya.
After "seeing" the carnage, Gandhari , who had lost all her sons, curses Krishna to be a witness to a similar annihilation of his family, for though divine and capable of stopping the war, he had not done so.